What are the ordinal numbers
What are Ordinal Numbers? Definition, List, Examples, Facts
What are Ordinal Numbers?
Numbers that are used to represent the rank or position of an object or a person are known as ordinal numbers. They are also referred to as positioning or ranking numbers.The sequence of ordinal numbers vary on the parameters that are based on the positions that are defined, such as weight, height, marks, size, etc. Such numbers are also known as ordinals.
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How to Write Ordinal Numbers?
Ordinal numbers or ordinals are written using numerals as prefixes and adjectives as suffixes.
For example, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th and so on. We can easily identify an ordinal number: it talks about positioning.
So, if we were to say, “Bring me the bottle of jam that is lying on the 4th shelf.”, one would know that the ordinal number here is 4, which informs us about the position of the jam bottle.
The above picture shows different floors of a building. Here, we can use ordinal numbers to define the position of the floors.
The numbers 1st (first), 2nd (second), 3rd (third), 4th (fourth), 5th (fifth), 6th (sixth), 7th (seventh), 8th (eighth), 9th (ninth) and 10th (tenth) tell us about the positions of various floors in the building. Therefore, all of them are the ordinal numbers.
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Applications of Ordinal Numbers
Ordinal numbers are a great way to talk about the order of something. For example, the order of dates. These numbers are only used when data is provided and the data is to be arranged in order.
For example: Someone who has performed well throughout the year may get the chance to be valedictorian. They would be first in line. But someone who performed well, but was unable to score as much as the person before in various tests and exams, may be second in line to be valedictorian. The person who has not performed well at all, has the least amount of chance.
The picture given below shows some athletes competing in a 500m race. We can also use ordinal numbers to define their positions in order to see who the winner and runnersup of the race are.
Other examples of ordinal numbers are as follows:
 Jennifer always ranks 2nd in the class.
Here 2nd is the ordinal number that tells you about the position that Jennifer has secured.
 Jane is standing at the 5th place in the queue.
Hereby the ordinal number is 5th, we understand Jane’s position in the queue.
 Jenny came 3rd in the race.
Here, 3rd is the ordinal number which tells you about the place that Jenny has secured in the race.
 The 10th table is reserved.
Here, the ordinal number 10th refers to the number of table reservations made.
Ordinal Numbers 1
– 50 listOrdinal Numbers 51
–100 listOrdinal Numbers v.
Cardinal NumbersThe type of numbers that are used for counting the number of objects or persons are known as cardinal numbers. This type of numbers are used for representing the cardinality of the number of elements in a set.
Cardinality means to know about the number of elements in a set.
Cardinal numbers can be the natural numbers that we use while we are counting like one, two, three, four, five and so on.
On the other hand, ordinal numbers are used to determine the rank or position of any object or person. We write ordinal numbers using numbers as prefixes and adjectives as suffixes.
Let us understand the difference with the help of an example.
Some students were asked to collect marbles.
Tom collected 1, Jane collected 2, and Clove collected 3 marbles.
Here the numbers 1, 2, 3 are cardinal numbers as they represent the quantity of marbles.
Now, the one who scores maximum wins. So, Clove stands 1st, Jane stands 2nd and Tom stands 3rd.
Here the numbers 1st, 2nd and 3rd are ordinal numbers as they represent the position of the students.
Ordinal Numbers v. Nominal Numbers
A set of numbers that are used for labeling certain items or places so that they can be identified easily are known as nominal numbers. Whenever we have to identify an object uniquely, we use nominal numbers. These numbers are not of much use because they are just going to give information about location and not about its quantity, quality, etc. Nominal numbers can be used as area codes, on number plates of vehicles, etc. Operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication and division are meaningless on nominal numbers.
For example: In a phone number like 202 5886500, the number is a nominal number. Even if we apply an operation, it will not give us anything meaningful.
On the order hand, the ordinal numbers tell us about the rank or position of any object or person.
For example: Sophia lives in the 34th house on San Pablo Avenue, California.
Fun Fact!
11, 12 and 13 are the only numbers to use a suffix ‘–th’ but all other numbers ending with 1 use ‘–st’, those ending with 2 use ‘–nd’ and those ending with 3 use ‘–rd’.
Solved Examples
Example 1: Which English alphabet is 12th from the beginning?
Solution: The alphabet that is 12th from the beginning is L.
Example 2: Kim, Kethy, Kiah and Kaina are sitting in the line in alphabetical order. What is the position of Kiah from the beginning?
Solution: According to alphabetical order, the order in which they’re sitting would be: Kaina, Kethy, Kiah, Kim. So, Kiah is at the 3rd position.
3. Christmas lies on the _____ of December. Solution: Christmas lies on the 25th of December.
Practice Problems
1
Which one of the following denotes an ordinal number?
The vehicle number of Sarah is KL23AB89.
There are 9 apples on the tree.
Catheline came 4th in the drawing competition.
None of these
Correct answer is: Catheline came 4th in the drawing competition.
In the option C, the number 4th is telling about the position of Catheline in the drawing competition.
2
How do you write 51 in ordinal numbers?
51
51st
51th
51rd
Correct answer is: 51st
The ordinal number for 51 for 51st.
3
In the word, “COMPENSATION”, which are the fourth and tenth letters?
M and O
M and N
P and I
E and O
Correct answer is: P and I
The fourth letter is P and the tenth letter is I.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is 0 an ordinal number?
No, we cannot write 0 as an ordinal number.
What are exceptional ordinal numbers?
Exceptional ordinal numbers are the ordinal numbers that do not end with th. For example: 1st (first), 2nd (second), 3rd (third), etc.
Who invented ordinal numbers?
Ordinal numbers were invented by Georg Cantor in 1883.
Ordinal Numbers  Meaning, Examples
Ordinal numbers are the numbers that talk about the position of objects. For example, 'The cookies are kept in the 3^{rd} drawer from the top', 'The orange dress is the 7^{th} one from the right', 'The soccer ball is kept in the 3^{rd} carton from the left'. All these sentences have one thing in common  they talk about the positions of the objects. This is the main element in the discussion of ordinal numbers.
1.  What are Ordinal Numbers? 
2.  Difference Between Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers 
3.  List of Ordinal Numbers from 1 to 100 
4.  FAQs on Ordinal Numbers 
What are Ordinal Numbers?
An ordinal number is a number that indicates the position or order of something in relation to other numbers, like, first, second, third, and so on. This order or sequence may be according to the size, importance, or any chronology. Let us understand the ordinal numbers with an example. Ten students participated in a contest. Out of them, the top winners were given medals and were ranked as 1^{st}, 2^{nd}, and 3^{rd}. In this case, the positions: 1^{st}, 2^{nd}, and 3^{rd} are ordinal numbers.
Difference Between Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers
A cardinal number is a number that denotes the count of any object. Any natural number such as 1, 2, 3, etc., is referred to as a cardinal number, whereas, an ordinal number is a number that denotes the position or place of an object. For example, 1^{st}, 2^{nd}, 3^{rd}, 4^{th}, 5^{th}, etc. Now, if we say, 'There are 3 ants and 5 bears'. This is an example of cardinal numbers. However, if we say, 'The position of the runners in the running event is first, second, third, and so on', this represents ordinal numbers. Observe the table given below to note the difference between cardinal numbers and ordinal numbers.
List of Ordinal Numbers from 1 to 100
The list of ordinal numbers from 1 to 100 can be learned easily and is quite helpful for specifying the order of any given object. You can use the combinations from this list to find out the ordinal numbers from 100 onward. Observe the table given below in order to understand how ordinal numbers are written. You might be able to pick up a pattern after referring to the first twenty ordinal numbers.
1st: First  21st: TwentyFirst  41st: FortyFirst  61th: SixtyFirst  81st: EightyFirst 
2nd: Second  22nd: TwentySecond  42nd: FortySecond  62nd: SixtySecond  82nd: EightySecond 
3rd: Third  23rd: TwentyThird  43rd: FortyThird  63rd: SixtyThird  83rd: EightyThird 
4th: Fourth  24th: TwentyFourth  44th: FortyFourth  64th: SixtyFourth  84th: EightyFourth 
5th: Fifth  25th: TwentyFifth  45th: FortyFifth  65th: SixtyFifth  85th: EightyFifth 
6th: Sixth  26th: TwentySixth  46th: FortySixth  66th: SixtySixth  86th: EightySixth 
7th: Seventh  27th: TwentySeventh  47th: FortySeventh  67th: SixtySeventh  87th: EightySeventh 
8th: Eighth  28th: TwentyEighth  48th: FortyEighth  68th: SixtyEighth  88th: EightyEighth 
9th: Ninth  29th: TwentyNinth  49th: FortyNinth  69th: SixtyNinth  89th: EightyNinth 
10th: Tenth  30th: Thirtieth  50th: Fiftieth  70th: Seventieth  90th: Ninetieth 
11th: Eleventh  31st: ThirtyFirst  51st: FiftyFirst  71st: SeventyFirst  91st: NinetyFirst 
12th: Twelfth  32nd: ThirtySecond  52nd: FiftySecond  72nd: SeventySecond  92nd: NinetySecond 
13th: Thirteenth  33rd: ThirtyThird  53rd: FiftyThird  73rd: SeventyThird  93rd: NinetyThird 
14th: Fourteenth  34th: ThirtyFourth  54th: FiftyFourth  74th: SeventyFourth  94th: NinetyFourth 
15th: Fifteenth  35th: ThirtyFifth  55th: FiftyFifth  75th: SeventyFifth  95th: NinetyFifth 
16th: Sixteenth  36th: ThirtySixth  56th: FiftySixth  76th: SeventySixth  96th: NinetySixth 
17th: Seventeenth  37th: ThirtySeventh  57th: FiftySeventh  77th: SeventySeventh  97th: NinetySeventh 
18th: Eighteenth  38th: ThirtyEighth  58th: FiftyEighth  78th: SeventyEighth  98th: NinetyEighth 
19th: Nineteenth  39th: ThirtyNinth  59th: FiftyNinth  79th: SeventyNinth  99th: NinetyNinth 
20th: Twentieth  40th: Fortieth  60th: Sixtieth  80th: Eightieth  100th: Hundredth 
Ordinal Numbers 1 to 20
Ordinal numbers from 1 to 20 are different from the rest. After the number 20, a repeated pattern of ordinal numbers can be observed. Ordinal numbers from 1 to 20 can be listed as follows. 1  First, 2  Second, 3  Third, 4  Fourth, 5  Fifth, 6  Sixth, 7  Seventh, 8  Eighth, 9  Ninth, 10  Tenth, 11  Eleventh, 12  Twelfth, 13  Thirteenth, 14  Fourteenth, 15  Fifteenth, 16  Sixteenth, 17  Seventeenth, 18  Eighteenth, 19  Nineteenth, 20  Twentieth.
☛ Related Topics
 Cardinal Numbers
 Ordinal Numbers Worksheets for Kindergarten
 Numbers
 Rational Numbers
 Prime Numbers
 Composite Numbers
 Even Numbers
 Odd Numbers
 Real Numbers
 Natural Numbers
 Irrational Numbers
 Counting Numbers
Ordinal Numbers Examples

Example 1: What is the 3rd letter in the word: SUMMERS?
Solution:
In the given word, SUMMERS, the first letter is 'S'. The second letter is 'U'. Similarly, we count the position of the letters in order, like, first, second, third, and so on which denotes ordinal numbers. So, we can see that the letter 'M' comes in the 3rd position. Therefore, the third letter in the given word is 'M'.

Example 2: Sam, Jenny, Mary, and Jack are standing in a queue in the given order. Who is in the fourth position?
Solution:
From the given information, we can say that: Sam is in the first place, Jenny is in the second place, Mary is in the third place, and Jack is in the fourth place. Therefore, Jack is standing in the fourth position. Here, 4th is an ordinal number because it denotes the position of Jack.

Example 3: State true or false with respect to ordinal numbers.
a.) An ordinal number is a number that denotes the position or place of an object.
b.) Ordinal numbers are written as 1^{st}, 2^{nd}, and 3^{rd}, and so on.
Solution:
a.) True, an ordinal number is a number that denotes the position or place of an object.
b.) True, ordinal numbers are written as 1^{st}, 2^{nd}, and 3^{rd}, and so on.
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Practice Questions on Ordinal Numbers
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FAQs on Ordinal Numbers
What Does Ordinal Number mean?
Ordinal numbers are the numbers that specify the position of objects. For example, when we say that the books are kept on the 3^{rd} shelf, here 3rd is an ordinal number. Similarly, first, second, twentieth, fiftieth, and so on are ordinal numbers.
What is the Difference Between Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers?
Cardinal numbers denote the count of any object. For example, natural numbers like 1, 2 3, and so on are cardinal numbers. On the other hand, ordinal numbers denote the position or place of an object. For example, 1^{st}, 2^{nd}, 3^{rd}, 4^{th}, 5^{th}, and so on, are ordinal numbers.
How to Write Dates with Ordinal Numbers?
Ordinal numbers are used to mention the dates in English. For example, if we need to write the date of Christmas, we write the month and then the ordinal number of the day. In this case, we say that Christmas is on December 25th. Here, 25th is an ordinal number.
Is Zero an Ordinal Number?
No, 0 cannot be considered an ordinal number. Specifying the position of anything as 0^{th} or zeroth does not give a logical explanation.
How to Write Ordinal Numbers?
Ordinal numbers have a suffix added at the end. They can be written as first, second, third, and so on when expressed in words. When ordinal numbers are expressed as numerals, the last two letters of the words are added to the respective numbers, like, 1^{st}, 2^{nd}, 3^{rd}, 4^{th}, and so on.
Why do we use Ordinal Numbers?
We use ordinal numbers for specifying the position or order of something. For example, the pens are kept in the 3^{rd} drawer from the top, or, Ria stays on the second floor of the apartment. Here, the respective numbers specify the position or order of the object or people, whatever the case may be.
What are Ordinal Numbers From 1 to 10?
The ordinal numbers from 1 to 10 are as follows: 1st: First, 2nd: Second, 3rd: Third, 4th: Fourth, 5th: Fifth, 6th: Sixth, 7th: Seventh, 8th: Eighth, 9th: Ninth, and 10th: Tenth.
What is the Ordinal Number of 1?
The ordinal of 1 is written as First. In the numeral form, it is represented as 1^{st}.
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Worksheets on Ordinal Numbers
The sequence numbers in Purchase Orders
are used in the following cases:
Please note that you need to change the Order Quantity. The sum of order quantities may be lower than the total (total) order quantity. If you save the order line, the total order quantity is updated. nine0008 After receipt:
Sequence number 3 corresponds to line type Reorder . You must estimate the underdelivered quantity. If you agree on an additional order, you can specify a delivery date for this additional order. If a sequence number already exists for this delivery date, the underdelivered quantity is added to the order quantity on the date in question. If the order quantity has not yet been determined for the specified date, a new sequence number is generated. LN also checks that the delivery address matches the shipping address. nine0008
 
Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers in English 9001
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On average, each of us uses from 20 to 40 numerals during the day. Therefore, it is worth paying special attention to the numerals in English: without them, how without hands  neither order a pizza, nor dictate a phone, nor find out what year it is. nine0008
Ordinal numbers
Numerals in English, as well as in Russian, are of 2 types: quantitative and ordinal. On this, perhaps, the similarity between English and Russian numerals ends.
Ordinal numbers  answer the question " which is ".
Most ordinal numbers are formed with the ending th .
Ordinal numbers are usually attached to a noun, so they are preceded by the definite article the:
 The fortysix th president of the United States. Fortysixth President of the United States.
 November is the eleven th month. November is the eleventh month.
The formation of numerals in English has a clear algorithm. So, ordinal numbers are formed by adding th to cardinal numbers. But there are exceptions: first, second, third.
In compound ordinal numbers, only the last component is in ordinal form: twentysixth, seventyfourth. nine0008
Tens ending in y change to ie:
 fort y  fort ie th.
In writing, ordinal numbers can be abbreviated, there is no need to write so much:
 First  1st
 Second  2nd
 Third  3rd
 Fourth  4th
 Fifth  5th and so on
In the table  numerals of the English language. Save, Teach, Practice:
nine0007 nine0248 fourth nine0038 Quantitative (cardinal)  Ordinal (ordinal)  
1  one  first 
2  two  second 
3  three  third 
4  four  
5  five  fifth 
6  six  sixth 
7  seven  seventh 
8  eight  eighth 
9  nine  ninth 
10  ten  tenth 
11  eleven  eleventh 
12  twelve  twelfth 
13  thirteen  third 
14  fourteen  fourteenth 
15  fifteen  fifteenth 
16  sixteen  sixteenth 
17  seventeen  seventeenth 
18  eighteen  eighteenth 
19  nineteen  nineteenth 
20  twenty  twentieth 
21  twentyone  twentyfirst 
22  twentytwo  twentysecond 
23  twentythree  twentythird 
24  twentyfour  twentyfourth 
25  twentyfive  twentyfifth 
26  twentysix  twentysixth 
27  twentyseven  twentyseventh 
28  twentyeight  twentyeighth 
29  twentynine  twentyninth 
30  thirty  thirtieth 
40  forty  fortieth 
50  fifty  fiftieth 
60  sixty  sixtieth 
70  seventy  seventieth 
80  eighty  eightieth 
90  ninety  ninetieth 
100  one hundred  hundredth 
200  two hundred  two hundredth 
1000  one thousand  thousandth 
1500  one thousand five hundred  one thousand five hundred 
100,000  one hundred thousand  hundred thousandth 
1,000,000  one million  millionth 
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Cardinal numbers
Cardinal numbers  answer the question "how much" .
Remove should be no problem. There are no special chips and wisdom in their education  you just have to remember a few features.
Numerals hundred, thousand, million are used in the singular. No need to add the plural ending S.
The ending S is used only if the numerals are used as nouns:
 thousands of followers
 hundreds of voters  hundreds of voters
 dozens of comments  many comments
When you write a large number in English, you have to split it with commas, like this:
 1.567 one thousand, five hundred and sixtyseven
By the way, in the UK it is customary to split long numbers with the union and:
 seven hundred and sixty  three
And in American English it is accepted like this:
 seven hundred sixty  three
Choose which English is closer to you and use one of the options.
Cardinal numbers will probably be needed for you to dictate a phone number. Are people still exchanging numbers in 2020? Let's assume that yes and remember:
 digits of the phone number are pronounced one at a time
 if two identical digits are in a row, you can say double and say the digit once
 112  344 double one two three double four
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Features of numerals
Everything could be simple and understandable with English numerals, if not for a few tricky rules that need to be understood and remembered. nine0008
Zero
Zero  he is zero, he is also zero, nil, nought and o  manysided and mysterious, let's figure it out.
Zero is pronounced like zero:
 in the weather forecast: above zero  above zero, below zero  below zero, reduce to zero  reduce to zero.
 as a percentage: there is only a 30% chance of rain  the chance of rain is only 30%.
 in stable expressions: zero visibility  zero visibility, zero chance  zero chances. nine0201 in phone numbers it is equally acceptable to pronounce both zero and o [əu]
 in fractions: 0.6  zero point six.
Zero is pronounced like o [əu]:
 for years and times: 2007  twenty o seven.
 in phone numbers, bank accounts: 051 600 30 – o five one six double o three
 in fractions: 0.8  o point eight.
For sports, matches, championships use Nil:
 we won fournil  we won threenil
 we drew nilnil  we drew
British nought/naught means "zero", "nothing". The word is outdated and almost never used, but it won't hurt to remember it. Suddenly, Elon Musk messes up something, and we fly into the past, not into the future.
Year reckoning
Cardinal numbers are used to designate years in English.
 The fourdigit year is halved and pronounced as two separate numbers: 1996 nineteen ninetysix,

Millenniums are pronounced in thousands:
2020  two thousand twenty / twenty twenty,
22000  two thousand,
22007  two thousand and seven,
21907  nineteen or seven,

If there are two zeros at the end of the year, then we say with hundred, that is, we count hundreds:
1700  seventeen hundred, 1900  nineteen hundred.
Remember:
Preposition 9 is put before the year0189 in .
The word year is either completely omitted in the sentence, or stands before the numeral, contrary to any logic of a Russianspeaking person:
 Game of Thrones premiered in 2011
Also remember these designations, they are often found in books, textbooks and in movies:
 BC  before Christ (before Christ,  BC).
 AD  Anno Domini (after the birth of Christ,  our era). nine0013
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Fractions
Fractions  ½. The rules of writing are the same as in Russian. Recall that what is above the line is the numerator, and what is below it is the denominator.
Attention now:

The numerator is pronounced like a cardinal number.

Denominator as ordinal number.

The numerator one can be read as an article a :

1/14  one fourteenth / a fourteenth

1/8  one eighth / a eighth

1/3  one third / a third

If the numerator is greater than 1, then the plural ending s is added to the ordinal denominator:
 4/5  four fifths
 2/8two eighths
 1/2  one half / a half
 1/4  one quarter / a quarter / one fourth
 2/4  two quarters
Remember:
When reading fractions, half is half
A quarter, one fourth
Decimals . There are a few things to remember here. In English decimal fractions, a dot is put, not a comma, and we do not pronounce fractions (tenths, hundredths, etc.). They are just called numbers. The point is also pronounced point:
 2.26  two point twenty six
 7.654  seven point six five four
If there is no integer before the point, then zero is pronounced or nothing is said at all:
 0.3  zero point three / point three
 0.65  zero point six five / point six five
 0.02  zero point zero two / point zero two
You can also say o [əu] instead of zero.
Percentages in English do not require a plural. Percent is always singular:
 3.3%  three point three percent
 50%  fifty percent
 99%  ninetynine percent
Money
The currency designation always precedes the amount: ＄500  $500, €200  two hundred euros. First, the amount is pronounced, and only then the name of the currency  do not mix it up.
If the amount consists of a decimal fraction, then first we pronounce the whole number, then the currency, and at the end  the decimal part.
 € 16.55  sixteen euros fifty five
 ＄20. 99  twenty dollars ninety nine
If you know the name of the coin, you can insert it at the end.
Arithmetic operations
Cardinal numbers are used for counting in English.
to equal  equal to
 2+2 = 4  two plus two is four
 105 = 5  ten minus five equals five
 30 x 3 = 90  thirty multiplied by three is ninety
 50 : 5 = 10  fifty divided by five equals ten
The verb to be can be plural when added. And the verb to equal can be replaced by the verb to make.
 36 + 6 = 42  thirty six and six are forty two
 8 + 4 = 12  eight plus four make twelve
Let's practice
You already know how to read numbers in English. To remember all this better, try to practice a little.
1. Read aloud
 telephone number: 125  344  09 08, 566  321  007
 : 2003, 1984, 2012, 1400, 1901
 common fraction: 1/8; 1/2; 1/5; 2/3; 1/4; 2/4
 decimal: 2.39; 3.50; 1.70; 0.35; 0.08
 amount: €450, €60.88, €100, ＄78, ＄89, ＄35. 99
 example: 45  5 = 40, 2 x 10 = 20, 48 : 6 = 8, 78 + 8 = 86
2. Translate into English and read aloud (return to the plate at the beginning of the article).
thirteenth, first, thirtyninth, eighteenth, fifth, eighth, four hundred and thirtyfourth, one thousand one hundred and one, nine hundred fiftythird, eleventh, two million three hundred thousand and fourth.
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