Age kids learn to read

When Do Kids Learn to Read?

By Tara Drinks

At a glance

  • Learning to read is a process that involves different skills.

  • Kids start to learn to read at different ages.

  • Some kids need extra help learning how to read.

Learning to read is a process that involves different language skills. It happens over time, so it’s hard to say exactly when kids learn to read. To some people, reading means being able to sound out words and recognize words that can’t be sounded out. To others, reading means being able to read and understand sentences and text.

Learning to read is different for every child. Some kids start to learn to read in daycare or preschool. Others start gaining the skills in kindergarten or first grade. Read on to learn more.

At what age do kids learn to read?

Kids develop reading skills at their own pace. And some kids learn earlier and more quickly than others. Here’s what reading typically looks like at different ages:

  • By age 2, kids often start to recite the words to their favorite books. They also start to answer questions about what they see in books.
  • In preschool, kids typically start to recognize about half the letters of the alphabet. They also start to notice words that rhyme.
  • In kindergarten, kids often start matching letters to sounds. They also start to recognize some words by sight without having to sound them out.
  • By second grade, most kids can sound out and recognize words and can read and understand sentences. Most people consider this as having learned to read.

Keep in mind that every child is different. Not all kids develop reading skills at the same rate. Taking longer doesn’t mean they’re not on track to become good readers.

Why kids might have trouble learning to read

Learning how to read can be challenging for some kids. But that doesn’t mean they’re not smart. They just may need extra time and support to become full-fledged readers.

There are many reasons why kids have trouble learning to read. Some have a hard time understanding how language works. For example, they may struggle with recognizing sounds in words or matching sounds to letters.

In some cases, the type of reading instruction plays a role. Learn more about what can cause trouble with reading.

What helps kids learn to read

Practicing at home can help kids improve reading skills. Here are some ideas parents and caregivers can try and teachers can suggest:

  • Make reading a habit. Kids learn from what they observe. Try reading a book together every night before bedtime.
  • Play reading games. While running errands, have kids read the road signs out loud. Or play rhyming games together. 
  • Have conversations. Talk about things you’re seeing or feeling and ask questions so kids can do the same. This helps build the language skills kids need to be strong readers.

Get more ideas to help kids with reading.

Key takeaways

  • By second grade, many kids can read and understand sentences.

  • Play reading games and have conversations to help kids learn to read.

  • Learning to read can be challenging for some kids, but that doesn’t mean they’re not smart.

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    About the author

    About the author

    Tara Drinks is an associate editor at Understood.

    Reviewed by

    Reviewed by

    Elizabeth Babbin, EdD is an instructional specialist at Lower Macungie Middle School in Macungie, Pennsylvania.

    When Do Kids Learn To Read: A Helpful Guide

    Whether you are about to have your first child or you’re in the middle of raising number two or three, you may be wondering: when do kids learn to read?

    This is a legitimate question, but there is no one-size-fits-all answer. That’s why we’re here to show you how to encourage your child and help them learn to read in fun, uplifting ways!

    Cracking The Reading Code

    Most children learn to speak — either verbally or in sign — through exposure. This happens naturally and without direct instruction. But the more you speak with your child the more you impact their receptive and expressive language which, in turn, can impact their reading.

    Unlike speaking, children can’t pick up reading through natural language processes. Instead, we have to teach them how to “crack the code” of written language.

    First, children must understand that words are made up of individual sounds (or phonemes) and that each sound is matched to a letter. To crack the reading code, a child must learn to hear sounds in words and to pair them with letters, eventually blending the sounds together to read.

    As you might have guessed, learning to read can take time. So, to give you a clearer picture of the overall learning process, here’s a brief look at the pre-reading skills your child will develop (in no particular order) throughout their literacy journey.

    Pre-Reading Skills

    Phonological Awareness

    Phonological awareness is an understanding of sounds in our language and how they relate to each other. This includes segmenting sounds and syllables in words, rhyming, and blending syllables and sounds together to form words.

    Alphabet Knowledge

    As the name suggests, alphabet knowledge is the ability to both recognize and name the letters of the alphabet.

    Print Awareness

    Print awareness is a broad term that includes familiarity with different forms of text (books, menus, newspapers, magazines, etc.), understanding print structure, and knowing how to hold these sources of information correctly.

    Without print awareness, it’s hard to connect text in a meaningful way and understand the words and phrases on a page.

    Phonemic Awareness

    Phonemic awareness is the ability to identify and manipulate sounds in a written word.

    This skill is often mistaken for phonological awareness, but it is actually a subset of phonological awareness. Phonemic awareness focuses on identifying and manipulating individual sounds, known as phonemes.

    While it might take your child a while to master each of the skills above, they are the building blocks of the reading (and writing) journey. With practice and patience, your young learner will be grabbing their favorite book and reading it all by themselves before you know it.

    When that will happen depends on several factors and varies from child to child. Let’s take a closer look!

    When Do Kids Learn To Read?

    When it comes to reading, all kids are different. When your child learns to read and when another child their age learns to read may be a year (or more) apart. That’s OK! It’s all part of kids’ uniqueness.

    When your child learns to read may also depend on their pre-reading engagement — in other words, how often they’re exposed to reading.

    For example, kids who are read to, who have parents modeling a love of reading, and who have books as part of their everyday life tend to be more excited to learn to read. These children also develop essential pre-literacy skills, such as print awareness.

    Another thing to keep in mind is that your child’s reading development is directly impacted by how much they read, especially independently.

    Rather than worrying about a precise timeline, it’s better to keep in mind a generalized idea of what milestones your child can reach at different ages.

    Let’s take a look at those milestones (or benchmarks) below.

    Reading Benchmarks By Age

    Babies (Under 1 Year Old)

    Babies may begin using board books or soft books to play with.

    Books with lots of colorful illustrations and dynamic storytelling will help engage your baby and foster a love of reading right from the start.

    Although your baby can’t talk yet, keep an ear out for any noises they make in response to your reading. Cooing and other noises can help signify that your baby is paying attention, having fun, and bonding with you while learning.

    Toddlers (1 To 2 Years Old)

    As they grow older, your baby’s cooing might evolve into some very enthusiastic baby babble. They may giggle and chatter in their own unique baby language in response to your story narrations.

    By 18 months, most children move on from babbling to using words. Their vocabulary increases every day! You can take advantage of this vocabulary explosion when you share books that have pictures of things they love.

    To encourage them, you can point to illustrations or pictures and ask, “What’s that?”

    Getting them physically involved helps, too. If you would like to try this, start by holding their hand in yours as they turn the page. This will develop their motor skills and mimic what real reading feels like.

    You can also run your finger along the print, showing that the words are important and that you follow them from left to right. This helps develop print awareness.

    Preschool-Aged (3 To 4 Years Old)

    Now is when the initial groundwork you laid when your child was a baby begins to pay off! Keep in mind, though, that there is a large difference in what a beginning three-year-old and a late four-year-old can do.

    As your child moves through preschool education, they’re introduced to more fundamentals about books and reading. A three-year-old may start to understand how to identify different parts of a book — the spine, title, cover, and author.

    They may also be able to tell you what the story was about in basic terms (a shark who loves cupcakes, a puppy who can ride a bike, and so on).

    Three- and four-year-olds are beginning to develop ideas about the alphabet and to attribute sounds to letters. They are also ready to engage in listening games that will promote their ability to use phonics as beginning readers.

    You can boost their phonics confidence by singing lullabies or nursery rhymes with them. Enrich the experience by clapping!

    Learning to sing the alphabet also usually comes by the end of the preschool years. This is a great time to encourage your child to explore recognizing at least half of the alphabetic letters and having a go at writing their own name.

    Kindergarteners (5 To 6 Years Old)

    Formal introduction to “sounding out” or decoding words begins at this age. As part of this work, your child will benefit from learning to hear individual phonemes (single letter sounds) in words — a foundational skill for sounding out words.

    Beginning to learn sight words is also important at this age, as sight words don’t always follow regular phonemic patterns (they don’t sound the way they’re spelled).

    For ideas on how to incorporate sight word learning into your routine, check out our article 4 Highly Effective and Fun Sight Word Games To Help Your Kids Learn.

    To help build your Kindergartener’s reading confidence, prompt them to summarize what happened in the story while you read with them. To make it fun, you can play the silly, forgetful parent!

    Asking simple questions about the story helps your child get their brain working and helps you know if they understood the book.

    Young Elementary (6 To 7 Years Old)

    At this age, children learn more advanced phonics, such as:

    • Silent e
    • Vowel teams like ai and oa
    • Vowels controlled by R to make er, ir, ur, ar, or
    • And more.

    Your child may begin receiving weekly vocabulary word banks to learn. They will also be exposed to common spelling rules and patterns.

    Additionally, when you see your child re-reading their favorite books, know that they’re building strong fluency. This helps them engage more deeply with the texts and investigate words that might be unfamiliar.

    To foster a love of reading in your child at this age, you can help them draw conclusions and parallels between things in their life and the things they read.

    After all, reading is about making new connections to familiar facts that your child knows and loves, as well as exploring unfamiliar ideas!

    Older Elementary (8 To 10 Years Old )

    During these years, your child is likely moving away from learning to read — instead, they’re reading to learn.

    They may choose to read independently more often. They may read for pleasure or to explore their own interests, as well as answering questions about the text and looking for real-world examples.

    That being said, even after children are independent readers, it’s a good idea to continue to read aloud. This is an opportunity to share books that are more difficult for them to read on their own.

    It can also be good for you to read books that your child reads either on their own or for school and talk about them together, like a book club! This can be a fun way to connect with your child and spend more time together.

    Tips For Boosting Your Child’s Reading Confidence

    There are plenty of simple things you can do to help your child learn to read — but first and foremost, we want to help your child think of reading as fun, relaxing, and rewarding.

    While you’re reading with your little one, consider treating reading aloud as a bonding time or a special activity, rather than a school lesson. We don’t want you or your child stressed out!

    Remember: reading confidence comes with time and practice. It’s OK if your child learns differently than their friends –– that’s completely normal!

    With that said, here are some bonus tips to help boost your child’s confidence and encourage them to read.

    Read, Talk, And Sing To Your Baby

    If you want to get a head start on encouraging a love of reading in your child, talk and read to them as much as possible when they’re a baby, and don’t stop — even after your child is an independent reader!

    While you’re reading, you can react to illustrations and repeat words for an even bigger impact. Although your baby can’t speak yet (so you’re not sure if it’s paying off), we promise it’s worth it!

    Finally, as we mentioned earlier, singing lullabies and nursery rhymes is also a great way to expose babies, toddlers, and preschool children to words.

    Show Your Child That Words Are Everywhere

    Once your child has moved into the toddler stage — and as they continue to grow — point out letters and numbers to them as you walk along in everyday life. They will begin to take notice (and probably want to read themselves!).

    You can even make it fun by turning it into a game once your little one starts learning sight words (“I spy with my little eye the word red”).

    Talk In Order To Read

    This one sounds simple, but talking to your child helps to improve their vocabulary and knowledge base. If you’re looking for ways to talk to your child more, here are some ideas:

    • Ask specific questions (such as “What did you do at school today?”)
    • Explain what you’re doing while cooking
    • Tell them about a favorite memory from your own childhood

    Conversations help children with speaking and listening skills, and familiarity with new words and subjects will help when they read books. As a bonus, having conversations with your child helps you connect as a family!

    Take Turns Reading

    It’s important for kids to know what fluent reading sounds like. Listening to you can be a huge help!

    If you’d like to try this during storytime, take turns reading pages. (You read a page, then your child reads a page.) You can customize the split depending on your child’s energy, reading level, or how much time you have.

    Switching on and off will give them a mental break in-between pages and keep them excited about reading with you!

    4 Fun Activities To Develop Reading Skills

    In addition to the tips above, here are some fun activities to try at home with your young learner as they develop their reading skills.

    1) Sight Word Scavenger Hunt

    Sight words are words that appear often in text. These are words such as the, on, have, was, what, etc. These words can be tricky because they aren’t easy to sound out or decode, so we need to memorize them or recognize them by sight.

    Since they are seen so frequently, helping children get comfortable with sight words allows them to read more confidently and fluently.

    To practice this skill, one of our favorite sight word games is Sight Word Scavenger Hunt. All you need for this game is a marker, index cards, and a sheet of paper.

    Start by writing down 10 sight words (one on each card), and then hide these cards in places around the house. (Be sure to choose spots familiar to your child.)

    The goal of this game is simple: Have your child find all the cards by listening to clues you’ve written down on your sheet of paper.

    For example:

    • I climbed ____ the chair — On!
    • What word rhymes with buzz? — Was!

    As you call out each clue, your child will search for the sight word that matches. You can also write the sight words on a separate piece of paper as a reference for them if needed.

    And to make things even more interesting, feel free to add a timer into the game and see how fast they can find the cards!

    2) Become An Author

    Children are natural storytellers. They want to share their adventures, ideas, and thoughts. In fact, it is sometimes hard to get them to stop talking!

    You can take advantage of this love of oral language to make a bridge toward written language. How? Write a book together.

    All you’ll need is an empty booklet (this can be blank pieces of paper stapled together), a pencil, and some crayons. Start writing the story by asking your child to describe something meaningful to them, such as what they did at school or while visiting their grandparents.

    As your child narrates their story, write down about one to two sentences on each page. Keep in mind that you don’t actually need to write the exact words. It is fine to write a sentence that expresses the main parts of your child’s dictation.

    You might need to ask prompting questions to give the story more details, such as:

    • Was it a hot or cold day?
    • Was your grandma wearing a sweater? What color was it?
    • What did you have for lunch on that day?

    Once the story is complete, your child can add some illustrations to help bring it to life. And just like that, you have a homemade storybook that you can enjoy reading together!

    3) What Starts With…

    Learning the alphabet and letter-sound connections is an essential step to reading fluently. You can help your child work on these skills by playing a guessing game that focuses on all their favorite words.

    What letter does balloon start with? How about pizza?

    When your child guesses correctly, encourage them to come up with more words that start with the same letter. For example, “Balloon starts with a b! So does basket, butterfly, baby, bubbles, buttons, and ball!”

    This repetition will help reinforce the letter-sound connections that play an important role in reading (and writing).

    4) Pick The Word

    This game also focuses on sight words. To get started, write six sight words down on index cards, one word per card. On a separate sheet of paper, list the same words twice. One list will be for you and the other for your child.

    Next, place the index cards with the words facing down on a flat surface (i.e., table). Begin playing by picking a word from your list. Then, flip four cards over so the words are facing up. If you flip over the word you selected, cross it off your list and flip the other cards back over.

    If you don’t find the word you were looking for, you’ll need to wait for your next turn to try to find another one. Remember to mix the cards up before the next player starts.

    The first player to cross off four words from their list wins!

    This is a great game for continued sight word exposure. The more familiar your child gets with them, the more confident they’ll be while reading.

    When Do Kids Learn To Read: FAQs

    Why Does My Child Have Trouble Reading?

    If your child isn’t the first to read in their class, it doesn’t mean there’s anything wrong with them. They may just need some more time and support to develop their abilities. That’s OK! Every child learns at their own pace.

    Learning to read is quite a lengthy process and involves a multitude of skills, and some kids may find it more challenging than others. There are various reasons for this.

    Some children might struggle with the type of reading instruction used in class. Others may find it difficult to understand how language works (e.g., matching sounds to letters or recognizing the sounds in words).

    No matter what the reason is, there are things you can do to help.

    Supporting children in their early years is essential to the HOMER team. That’s why our Learn & Grow app focuses on multiple key developmental areas, including early childhood reading.

    Our experts developed it to provide a personalized pathway that builds essential skills — from letters and sounds to sight words and, eventually, reading and spelling.

    Why Is My Youngest Child Not Reading When My Oldest Did?

    When it comes to children’s literacy journeys, the last thing you want to do is compare your own children to each other, their friends, cousins, or peers in school. As you already know, kids are very different, so they will hit milestones at different times.

    If your oldest started reading at four or five years old, that’s great, but don’t expect your youngest to do the same.

    Also, keep in mind that while some kids might start earlier, according to the U.S Department of Education, children generally begin reading at around six or seven years of age (first or second grade).

    Who Can I Reach Out To If I Think Something’s Wrong?

    Even though it’s normal for children to learn to read at different ages, sometimes medical concerns may get in the way. Or, in some cases, children have trouble reading because they have a learning difference and might need special instruction before they can learn to read fluently.

    If you suspect this is the case with your child, talk to the teacher or ask to meet with the school learning specialist. They will know if the issue is developmental or if there are underlying problems you’ll want to address.

    You can also reach out to a local reading specialist (outside of your child’s school) who may be able to assess your child first and help you determine if there are additional things to address. They’ll be able to guide you in the right direction.

    There Is No “Right” Time

    No matter when your child learns to read, don’t worry! With a little love and support from you, they will get there in their own time. If you’re ever concerned, feel free to reach out to your child’s teacher or another professional.

    As you continue to help your child learn to read, keep the benchmarks and tips we mentioned above in mind. But remember that what’s most important is engaging your child in ways that are fun, stimulating, and don’t add stress to your family’s already busy schedule.

    Making reading time fun and light helps build your child’s confidence and love for learning!

    Finally, if you find yourself needing a little support along the way, try our HOMER Learn & Grow app to help your child thrive on their reading journey!


    At what age should a child be able to read

    The ability to read is one of the basic human social skills. Without it, it is impossible to receive and transmit information, therefore this skill should be developed in every person. Modern parents strive to teach their child to read as early as possible, so that by the time they start learning, they already have some knowledge base. So when should a child start doing this?


    • When we start
    • Learning too early - why it is harmful
    • What the experts say
    • Is it possible to instill a love of reading
    • Choosing a teaching method
    • Are there any disadvantages of teaching reading at home
    • Some important details When we start

      Experts do not have a common opinion about the early teaching of children to read, and neither do parents. Someone thinks that a child should get basic reading skills even before entering school: this will make it easier to adapt to the educational process. Others are sure that a teacher in the 1st grade should teach a child to read, since an unnecessarily early start to school is harmful for children: let them enjoy their childhood for now.

      Learning too early - why it is harmful

      The development of a child's cognitive abilities follows certain patterns, certain stages, it is undesirable to change or accelerate it, and often it is completely impossible. Until the age of five, children think figuratively - in pictures, and it is difficult for them to perceive information in the form of letters, numbers or other signs. And even having understood the general principle of reading, little students read, but they cannot understand the essence of what is written.

      Learning to read early can lead to health problems:

      • excessive brain tension;
      • abnormal blood flow to the cerebral hemispheres;
      • eye strain.

      Intensive classes can unbalance the development of different types of thinking in a child: the emphasis will be placed on the logical, and the figurative will be “abandoned”. Yes, the child will become better at remembering, speaking, analyzing, thinking logically, but the development of the right hemisphere will be slowed down, and it is responsible for no less important dreams, emotions, understanding of music and color. The emotional development of the baby will be somewhat retarded, and at an older age this may respond with serious problems in the form of:

      • lack of ability to empathize with others;
      • difficulties with correct understanding of one's emotions;
      • inability to determine one's strengths and weaknesses;
      • difficulties in understanding one's own and social values;
      • isolation and uncertainty.

      It is known that many geeks are developed from early childhood, but most often, growing up, they do not have happiness and are poorly adapted to the realities of the world around them. Therefore, it is more important to raise a socially adapted person from a child than to teach him to read too early.

      What the experts say

      Psychologists, psychophysiologists and other experts recommend starting to teach a preschooler to read not earlier than he is 5 years old, but he must be ready to learn. They say about it:

    • intelligible correct speech without speech defects;
    • correct listening comprehension of the text;
    • the ability to explain the meaning of a word;
    • the ability to build coherent logical sentences;
    • the ability to briefly retell the plot of a cartoon or fairy tale, describe your day;
    • the ability to concentrate on an activity, such as needlework.
    • A healthy five-year-old child usually has all of these skills. And at this age it is time to get acquainted with letters and sounds, then by the time of admission to grade 1, the child will master reading at a sufficient level.

      Is it possible to instill a love for reading

      It is not enough to teach a child to read - he still needs to instill a love for this occupation. View your favorite books and read them, study the illustrations, get acquainted with the adventures of the characters. It is important that older family members show the child that reading is an amazing learning opportunity, and not a hateful duty. It will be useful if the child saw people with books in his close circle, then, imitating them, he himself will want to plunge into the world of literature.

      The first reading lessons should be conducted in the format of a game: in this way the material will be absorbed by the child easier and better, the child will not have time to lose concentration during the lesson, and avoid stressful experiences.

      Choosing a teaching method

      Today there are many methods to teach a child to read, it is important to choose the one that suits your child.

      Perhaps the most popular method is classes in the classical alphabet (the alphabet itself can be developed by any author). The kid quickly remembers the letter, as it will now be associated with a certain picture. Later, you can move on to another well-known book - the primer and study reading by syllables from it.

      Many techniques are based on the use of cubes or tablets. They are convenient and interesting, but are often criticized by school teachers. It is believed that such training misses a very important component - basic familiarity with the alphabet.

      The most famous of these techniques:

      • Zaitsev's cubes - the emphasis is on making syllables from individual letters and words from syllables, understanding vowels, voiceless and voiced, hard and soft consonants.
      • Chaplygin cubes - learning not only allows you to compose syllables and words, but also develops fine motor skills, and this will have a beneficial effect on the overall development of the child;
      • Glenn Doman's flashcards - learning is based on the use of visual memory: syllables and words are printed on cards, and the child memorizes their spelling;
      • "Skladushki" by Voskobovich - 21 cards with syllables, from which you can build houses with whole words.

      The Montessori method is another well-known teaching option. Toddlers first master the letter, then move on to getting to know the letters, and then learn to read the syllables.

      Are there any disadvantages of teaching reading at home

      Lack of consistency is the main problem of independent lessons on teaching reading. In addition, at home, parents usually miss such an important part of the lesson as the sound analysis of the word, and the child may also have difficulty breaking down words into syllables. It is not easy to correct this mistake later, therefore it is better to immediately entrust a professional teacher to teach the child to read and write. It can be either a private tutor or a teacher of preparatory courses before the first grade - such classes are held today in literally every school.

      A few important details

      If you decide to teach your child to read at home, it is important to follow a few rules. All studies should be built on the principle “From simple to complex”, that is, you first need to learn letters and sounds, then you can start to compose them into syllables and only then move on to whole words. Put the learned material into practice: look for familiar letters on signs while walking, write them in the sand or snow, mold them from plasticine, lay them out of beads.

      For classes, you need to equip a corner with a comfortable chair and table or desk, with the right lighting. The first lessons should not last longer than 10-15 minutes; the student should not be overtired. After finishing them, you should put things in order in the workplace, put away books and study supplies.

      Lessons should be regular, but it is not a good idea to have a class if the student is overweight or in a bad mood. For each educational achievement, the child must be praised.

      Rating: 5/5 - 1 votes

      How and when to teach children to read

      In the modern world, it is generally accepted that the early development of a child is necessary and prestigious. Therefore, when dealing with the question of how old to teach a child to read , , some parents are of the opinion that you need to start as early as possible. Thus, it is possible to prepare the baby for school much better, to adapt it to a complex curriculum.

      However, the child's psyche is not designed for such a course of events, as evidenced by the conclusions of many psychologists. It is important to remember the natural development of each child, which cannot be accelerated or suspended - it occurs at the genetic level.

      What time do children start reading

      The child's nervous system is programmed in such a way that the baby has a certain number of stages of brain maturation. For example, up to 5-6 years old, children learn very poorly various abstract images. The child operates only with concrete and real facts, events that he sees at the moment or those that he experienced earlier.

      To figure out what time children start to read, it is necessary to take into account the fact that by the age of 3-4 a child cannot distinguish between the following concepts - sound, letter, syllable, word. Children will be able to put letters into a syllable and mechanically memorize how this syllable is spelled correctly. However, it will be extremely difficult for a child to read a simple sentence and, most importantly, to understand what they read.

      When deciding to teach their own child to read, parents must answer one question for themselves: does the child want this? In order for an active learning process to begin, an incentive is needed, without which the baby will perform the assigned tasks without any desire. As a rule, the desire to read a certain text manifests itself in children by the age of 6-7 years (in some cases, by 5 years). This is a sensitive period - the most favorable time when you need to start learning a new skill.

      The benefits and harms of early learning to read

      “Parents should engage in early education of their own child in order to quickly teach him everything and at once” - these are the sayings that can be found on many “mom” forums. After all, not every parent knows when a child needs to be taught to read, so as not to miss this very “necessary” moment.

      Early development really has a lot of advantages:

      1. Constant communication with the baby. Despite the complexity of the tasks that the baby faces, he spends time with his parents. Regular communication with the family has a positive effect on the mental health of boys and girls.
      2. Opportunity to learn new information. In the process of reading, the child discovers many new and interesting things. Of course, he will be able to learn certain facts even without early development, but the use of developing literature will make the learning process as exciting as possible.
      3. Brain development. When the baby begins to learn new information for him, the brain is trained without much stress - this will help the child to quickly memorize and assimilate what he has read. As a result, it will be possible to reduce the load in the process of studying at school and successfully climb the "ladder of knowledge".

      4. Obtaining useful skills. If you start teaching a child to read at an early age, you can train his thinking, develop logic, which contributes to the acquisition of new important skills. This is the so-called "foundation" for the further education of the baby. Having at least minimal training, it will be easier for a preschooler to memorize new information.
      5. Increasing self-esteem. Praise works for adults and children. Noticing the results of their work with the child, parents will be able to praise themselves. In addition, the child will certainly feel the pride of mom and dad, which will push him to new victories.

      However, the early development of children has some disadvantages:

      1. Parents are too keen on the early development of their child. Such a process can become a way of self-realization, when each parent tries to prove that it is his child who is smart and intelligent.
      2. A lot of effort and time. During classes, moms and dads forget to take time for themselves. In addition, the child also needs free time to relax.
      3. The baby's interests fade into the background. Early preschool development involves the use of a game method for teaching kids. At this age, children prefer to watch cartoons, play with their peers, with pets, and not constantly sit with books. That is why it is so important to make the learning process in the form of an exciting game.
      4. Unpreparedness to acquire new knowledge. The child's brain is able to perceive only the information that corresponds to the age category of the baby and its basic needs. When an unprepared child is offered to study a large amount of information, this will not bring any results. In addition, it can cause a negative attitude towards the learning process as a whole.

      Given all the pros and cons of early development, modern parents can easily build an optimal scheme for working with their child.

      At what age should reading be started? A preschooler should not only pronounce single words, but also speak confidently in simple sentences. The child must be aware and clearly understand what he pronounces.

    • The child should easily name a word that starts with the letter "P" and ends with the letter "A"; he can highlight a common sound in several words at once; parents note the good development of phonemic hearing - all this indicates that it is time to start the process of reading.

    • During the conversation, the baby should be free of all kinds of speech therapy problems. If a child cannot pronounce one or more letters from the alphabet, this negatively affects his phonemic hearing.
    • A child must have well-developed spatial thinking, he must understand where is “right” and where is “left”. After all, the process of reading a book is carried out from left to right. Otherwise, the kid begins to read text blocks randomly: he can start with the letter or word that he liked the most.

    The manifestation of the above signs is formed closer to the age of 5. But do not forget the fact that every baby is an individual.

    How to choose the right method of teaching reading

    How to teach a child to read? What methods are considered the most effective?

    To achieve maximum results, there are several proven and "working" methods:

    1. The alphabet, in which there is a certain picture for each letter. Children love bright pictures, which makes it easy for them to visualize new information and remember it much faster. However, you should not get too carried away with pictures, otherwise the baby "attaches" to the image of a particular letter, forgetting how it actually looks.

      Learn more