Dra scores by grade level

DRA Reading Assessment Levels | Study.com

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Instructor: Bill Sands

For the Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA), students are classified into distinct reading levels, which are based on their overall performance. Read on for more information on the standards and groupings for this assessment that tests reading comprehension skills.

DRA Reading Levels

Based on a student's performance on the DRA, he or she will be given a score that corresponds to their reading abilities. These numbers range from 1 to 80, and are classified as the following:

  • Kindergarten: 1-3
  • First Grade: 3-16
  • Second Grade: 18-28
  • Third Grade: 30-38
  • Fourth Grade: 40
  • Fifth Grade: 50
  • Sixth Grade: 60
  • Seventh Grade: 70
  • Eighth Grade: 80

DRA Grade-Level Expectations

The DRA scoring system explicitly defines exactly what skills and abilities readers should possess at each grade level.


This is the most basic level and refers to students with only a rudimentary reading ability. Students at this level understand fundamental concepts such as left-to-right progression and word identification but will require extensive support when reading new texts. Though students will know the sounds and names of most letters, they may need to use picture or oral language clues to understand important ideas in the text.

First Grade

Early readers show signs of progress but still require significant support. Students at this level know the sounds and names of all letters and typically read one word at a time. These students may require support when encountering new texts, but they possess basic problem-solving skills for dealing with unfamiliar content and should be able to read and understand familiar texts without any assistance.

Second Grade

This level is for students who have developed enough skills to read independently. These students are capable of selecting their own reading materials and are able to self-correct any mistakes during the reading process. Students are able to read text silently and possess the focus and concentration to begin reading longer passages. At this level, students also begin to pick up on expression and punctuation and draw connections from a story to their own lives and experiences.

Third Grade

This level is reserved for students with exceptional reading comprehension skills. These students are able to select their own reading materials, including those that require background knowledge in order to be fully understood. These students can read longer texts and are able to take breaks and continue in multiple sessions without losing focus or track of the story. Students at this level also begin to draw connections between the story they are reading and other texts they may have encountered.

Fourth Grade

Students at this level are expected to comprehend multisyllabic words using a combination of morphology, orthography, and word relationships. These students should also be able to fluently read persuasive and informational texts.

Fifth Grade

By the end of elementary school, students should not only be able to read literary, informational, and persuasive texts with ease, but they should also be able to use a variety of reading strategies to analyze these passages and compare them to other texts.

Sixth Grade

At the start of middle school, students will need the ability understand the structure of a text and how it can be used to gather information. When encountering unknown words, students are able to use context and word design to determine the meaning.

Seventh Grade

Once students reach seventh grade, they have surpassed the simple ability to read and understand texts and have begun to acquire the ability to look for literary concepts such as tone, purpose, and meaning. Students at this level can use literary components to analyze texts.

Eighth Grade

The most advanced level features a combination of new skills and previously-acquired talents. When analyzing text, students can use old skills such as word choice along with new skills such as context and grammar to understand and evaluate a given passage. Students at this grade level have the ability to monitor and self-assess.

Resources for Literacy Instruction

If you're a teacher helping students improve their reading skills, you may want to check out this Instructional Reading Strategies for Teaching Reading Comprehension course, which contains plenty of helpful lessons and creative ideas to help you create an effective and informative learning experience.

You may also benefit from this Literacy Instruction in Elementary School course. Featuring more than 100 lessons, this course offers a comprehensive review of important teaching strategies that are sure to be an enormous benefit to your teaching efforts.

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Understanding Your Child's DRA Reading Level | Scholastic

The Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA) is an individually administered assessment of a child’s reading capabilities. It is a tool to be used by instructors to identify a students reading level, accuracy, fluency, and comprehension. Once levels are identified, an instructor can use this information for instructional planning purposes. 

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DRA Testing
The DRA test is traditionally administered on an annual or semi-annual basis. The test measures nine categories of reading behavior and six types of errors. It was developed in 1986 (and revised in both 2000 and 2003) by a committee of educators and is intended to evaluate certain aspects of your child’s reading level. 

How DRA Levels and Testing Work Together
Tasks measured by the DRA test are divided into several skill sets. Rhyming, alliteration, segmentation, and phonemic awareness are tested in the phonemic awareness section. Letter naming, word-list reading, spelling, decoding, analogies, structural analysis, and syllabication are tested in the alphabetic principle/phonics portions. Oral reading fluency or words per minute for contextual reading are tested under fluency. Vocabulary, comprehension, and reading engagement skills are also measured in the test.

After the test is evaluated and scored, your child is assigned a numeric (or alphanumeric for very early readers) DRA level A1 through 80. Children with stronger reading abilities yield higher numbers. Teachers are easily able to give children books they can read by choosing a text with the corresponding DRA level.   

How to Find Books on Your Child’s Level
Once your teacher gives you your child’s level, you can search for books at a particular DRA level on Scholastic’s Book Wizard. By providing your child with books on his level at home, you are ensuring reading advancement and success with materials that will not cause your child stress or discouragement. 

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What is ZNO, DPA? Compulsory subjects ZNO DPA

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For thousands of young Ukrainians, these two abbreviations mark the transition from school life to adulthood and become the first serious test for students. Therefore, given all the responsibility, future graduates should prepare for admission in advance.

On the one hand, recently there has been a tendency to complicate tests, and hence improve the quality of knowledge of future graduates. The students begin to prepare more carefully. On the other hand, the division of ZNO and DPA by levels, which in turn should positively affect the career guidance of graduates. After all, if a student plans to enter the Faculty of Mathematics, it is logical that more time should be devoted to knowledge of mathematics. And to confirm that the student speaks Ukrainian, it will be enough to pass the test at the standard level.

In 2021, there were changes in the format of passing the DPA for grades 11 - certification in mathematics became mandatory! It is now carried out in the form of ZNO (Ukr.

DPA (Ukrainian State Pidsumkova Attestation) - now it is actually a final exam for grades 11 and the basis for transferring to grades 5 and 10.

We offer:

  • EIT preparation online
  • Preparation for ZNO in Irpin offline
  • DPA preparation online
  • Preparation for DPA in Irpin offline

And also preparation for EIT online in the cities of Ukraine:

See compulsory subjects for EIT and compulsory subjects for DPA

Why did you come up with this?

So why did they come up with these ZNO and DPA? Maybe to torment schoolchildren? I'm sure a lot of students feel the same way. That all this was invented only to complicate their lives. But if you delve into the question, then in fact everything is different.

Let's look at the situation more globally. Within the state. The leadership of every self-respecting country should worry about its citizens. Guarantee freedom of speech, freedom of movement, the right to one's own opinion. And also provide housing, create jobs, guarantee high-quality medical care. And much more it should. And also, like every self-respecting country, our power must provide people with knowledge. Form. After all, as you know, the smarter the people in the state, the more successfully it can position itself on the world stage in certain issues. The more educated people living in the country, the more comfortable they live and interact effectively with each other. Create new factories and factories, produce high-quality products and provide services that you want to use. All this leads to better mutual understanding between citizens, to a better quality of life and economic growth.

It turns out that the exams introduced by the state (ZNO and DPA) are designed to help the country. With their help, our leadership can control how effectively and efficiently the population assimilates the knowledge gained in the learning process. Make certain amendments, improve the education system. And it remains for us to study well in order to improve our own education.

Of course, like any other, our evaluation system has its drawbacks and is far from ideal. But we are sure that it will be improved and become more effective. Of course, for a comfortable and successful life, a lot more is needed, besides ZNO. But you have to start somewhere! I don't want to discuss negative things here. We are determined to look at the situation in a positive way, and promote education.

Senior students are our future. Learn well, educate yourself! Get ready for ZNO and get ready for DPA and pass exams for high scores and enter good universities. And Planetaclub will be happy to help with the preparation. And gradually it will become more pleasant for all of us to live with each other.

Author: Denis Korablev

We offer training for ZNO and DPA online or offline What has changed for students this year. News Avdiivka

This year, due to the coronavirus in Ukraine, internal exams for schoolchildren, the so-called DPA, were again canceled. President Volodymyr Zelensky signed a law that exempts students in grades 4, 9 and 11 from final certification, reports avdeevka. city with reference to the country.

At the same time, eleventh-graders, many of whom enter universities, will have several options for action. We figured out what has changed with the abolition of the DPA, as well as how the ZNO will be held this year.

DPA (Russian GIA) (sovereign pidsumkova attestation) - these are written final exams that are held in schools. It is valid for 4th grade students to check the level of knowledge acquired in elementary school and transfer them to 5th grade. Grades for the GIA are entered in a separate column in the report card. In elementary school, the GIA is taken in the Ukrainian language and mathematics. It is also held for ninth graders to issue a certificate of basic general education. With it, they can enter colleges and vocational schools. AT 9class take Ukrainian, mathematics and one of the subjects from the list. In the 11th grade, the grade for the GIA is entered in the appendix to the certificate with grades in a separate column and affects the average grade of the certificate.

ZNO (Rus. VNO) (Zavnіshnі nezalezhne otsіnyuvannya) - an exam required for admission to a university. Rent them out at the same time.

The GIA for 11-graders includes tests in the Ukrainian language, mathematics, history of Ukraine or a foreign language and one subject to choose from. UPE tests include the first compulsory part (GIA) and the second - for admission (UPE). Grades for GIP subjects are given on a scale from 1 to 12 points, for UPE from 100 to 200. That is, those who pass UPE simultaneously pass the GIA. At the same time, those who wanted to take only the GIA performed only part of the tasks in the tests. This year they were allowed not to take tests at all.

Why the GIA was canceled and what will it change

The GIA was canceled due to the pandemic and quarantine in Ukraine. To reduce the reasons for mass gatherings. In the 4th and 9th grades, the GIA was handed over within the walls of the school. In a pandemic, many students are studying online, and for exams they would have to gather in classrooms. As a result, the GIA was canceled for them. In the 4th grade, they will simply give out report cards with grades. In the column intended for assessments for attestation, they will indicate "exempt (a)". Ninth-graders will be able to enter colleges and technical schools without a GIA, with annual grades in the certificate. Some eleventh-graders this year will receive a certificate with annual grades and will not take any exams - neither GIA, nor UPE. This will reduce the load on testing points. Last year, this helped reduce the number of UPE participants by about 15-18%.

Who does not need to take either the GIA or the EIT?

For example, those who will enter a foreign university. The assessment in the certificate will be put at the end of the year, and the UPE is an entrance exam only to Ukrainian universities. Also, the GIA and UPE will not be needed for those who, after grade 11, will not enter a university at all or have chosen a college or technical school. However, if you wish, you can still pass the GIA. Who needs it?

For example, those who want to try to improve the average score in the certificate. It consists of a grade for the year in the certificate plus grades for the GIA. Upon admission, the main thing is the result of the UPE, but if, with a large competition for a place, they choose from applicants with the same points for the UPE, then the average score of the certificate may tip the scales in favor of one of the applicants.

The main dates of EIT-2021 and the admission campaign

All stages of the External Independent Evaluation will be held on time. The main session of the UPE will be held from May 21 to June 15.

May 21 - chemistry,

May 24 - Spanish, German, French,

May 25 - English,

May 28 - mathematics,

June 1 - Ukrainian language and literature,

June 4 - history Ukraine,

June 7 - Physics,

June 10 - Biology,

June 15 - geography.

An additional session will take place from 26 June to 16 July.

Learn more