Kids nonfiction stories

20 Best Nonfiction Books for Kids 2021

Foster children's love of learning with these engaging books about real-life people and topics.

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Cooler than fiction

Everyone loves a good story, and that includes kids! But the best stories aren’t always fiction—often, nonfiction can be just as compelling, even for young readers. The best nonfiction books for kids get them interested in the world around them through true stories about real people, amazing events, different cultures, and the beauty of nature. Reading, and reading nonfiction specifically, opens up the world for kids—not just by memorizing facts, but by learning how to analyze and think critically.

Kids may enjoy different types of nonfiction that attract and keep their interest, including narrative nonfiction, which tells about people and events in a captivating “story” format; active nonfiction, which describes how to do something fun or interesting; and expository literature, which presents information with artistic language and gorgeous illustration to draw readers in. We’ve included all of these on this list, so the children in your life can discover what type of nonfiction best captures their attention.

In curating this list, we sought recommendations from teachers, librarians, and parents. We also looked at books that won awards, made “best books” lists, or otherwise garnered attention for being outstanding. We also made sure to include various topics from science to history, as well as the best biographies and children’s books about diversity. Some of these selections may even be considered the best books of all time and will lead your child to later be interested in the best books for teens and so much more. We’ve organized them by age range, but you know your children or your students best: Depending on their emotional and academic level, individual kids may be ready for these books at different times. Happy reading!



Babies Around the World by Puck

For ages 0+

Children are never too young to start learning about the world. Each spread of this simple board book presents a child from a different city around the world—including New York City, Mexico City, Paris, Cape Town, Cairo, and Tokyo—saying hello in English and in the country’s language. Bright and engaging illustrations feature country flags and city landmarks that can spark conversation with older toddlers, as well. Published in 2017, it’s a great introduction to cultures and countries around the globe. Starting babies off with these kinds of gentle stories is one of the early reading habits that make young kids love books.

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Dream Big, Little One by Vashti Harrison

For ages 0+

Author Vashti Harrison adapts her best-selling Little Leaders: Bold Women in Black History for babies in this empowering 2018 board book. Featuring women who stood out—and stood up—it encourages even the youngest readers to do the same. Cute illustrations of real-life heroes and role models help Black children specifically see themselves visually represented in picture books. It’s also a great starter for a collection of mother-daughter books to read together.

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Counting with Frida by Patty Rodriguez and Ariana Stein

For ages 0+

For babies, even a book on numbers is nonfiction! The youngest readers are just learning these basics, but this simple and sweet 2018 board book has the added bonus of featuring Mexican painter Frida Kahlo. It also includes numbers in Spanish and English, which is helpful for both bilingual children and English speakers, since it’s never too early to start learning more than one language. Featuring math, language, and art in one, it’s just what nonfiction books for kids should be at this age level. You can also find board books about other Hispanic female trailblazers from its authors.

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Mama Built a Little Nest by Jennifer Ward

For ages 3+

This beautiful 2014 book introduces preschoolers to the types of nests made by different birds, from woodpeckers to penguins, using fun rhymes and gorgeous pictures. For older children, additional inset text on each bird gives more information on how they build their nests, which allows the book to grow with kids. Illustrator Steve Jenkins is an honoree of the Caldecott Medal, an award that recognizes the best children’s picture books; plus, because it’s written by a female author, the book encourages boys and girls to pursue interests in science and nature.

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Finding Winnie: The True Story of the World’s Most Famous Bear by Lindsay Mattick

For ages 4+

This best-selling Caldecott Medal winner tells the amazing true story of Winnie, the real-life bear who inspired the character of Winnie-the-Pooh when real-life boy Christopher Robin visited her at the London Zoo with his father, author A.A. Milne. A wonderful example of narrative nonfiction books for kids that read like fictional tales, the book ends with old pictures and documents for children who want more behind-the-scenes information about Winnie and the veterinarian/soldier who rescued her, Harry Colebourn. Amazingly, this 2015 book, which will be a favorite of any young Pooh fan and could be considered one of the best children’s books ever written, was penned by Colebourn’s great-granddaughter.

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Dreamers by Yuyi Morales

For ages 5+

Complex concepts such as immigration can be introduced in age-appropriate ways, as in this gorgeous memoir about the author’s experiences coming to the United States from Mexico and discovering a love of books and libraries. A best seller that landed on many best children’s books lists, the 2018 book also won the Pura Belpré Illustrator Award, which is given to a work from a Latino/Latina author/illustrator about Latinx culture. Featuring beautiful, dreamlike illustrations, the story is positive and uplifting, and it’s one of the best books by Latinx authors you’ll want to read with your kids right now.

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Beware of the Crocodile by Martin Jenkins

For ages 5+

Kids love crocodiles, and what better way to stoke their interest in animals than with a nonfiction book for kids on these scary but fascinating creatures? Fun illustrations showing lots (and lots) of teeth keep children’s interest as they learn about crocs’ feeding habits. But beware: Any young lover of wildlife knows that some animals eat one another, and caregivers should be aware this informative text is honest about the circle of life in the animal kingdom. For the budding zoologist, the 2019 book also has an index and notes on species. Once kids are in kindergarten and start using the computer, you can search the best websites to find free online books for kids to read books such as this one.

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The Oldest Student: How Mary Walker Learned to Read by Rita Lorraine Hubbard

For ages 5+

You’re never too old to learn new things. Just ask Mary Walker, a real-life woman who was born into slavery and learned to read at the age of 116. This inspiring biography encourages a lifelong love of learning for young readers, while also teaching about American history from the Civil War to the civil rights era. An ALSC (Association for Library Service to Children) Notable Children’s Book, this 2018 entry definitely ranks among the best books by Black authors. It also features collage-like illustrations by Caldecott Honor winner Oge Mora, who made the Forbes 30 Under 30 2021 list in Art & Style.

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Her Right Foot by Dave Eggers

For ages 5+

Kids are just as fascinated by “Did You Know?” facts as we are! This book presents fun facts about a symbol of America kids know and love: the Statue of Liberty. But most people, even New Yorkers, have never noticed that Lady Liberty is actually mid-stride, with her right heel lifted. Why? The author theorizes she’s walking out to sea to light the way for those coming to America. An honoree of the 2018 Orbis Pictus Award, which is presented for excellence in nonfiction books for kids, as well as a Publishers Weekly Best Children’s Book of the Year and a School Library Journal Best Picture Book of the Year, Her Right Foot is a tribute to the patriotic American spirit. Actor and voice artist Dion Graham narrates the story in one of the best audiobooks for a family road trip, especially if you’re headed to NYC.

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Hidden Figures by Margot Lee Shetterly

For ages 5+

The picture book edition of the #1 New York Times best seller and Academy Award–nominated movie features the inspiring true story of four Black female mathematicians who helped the United States land on the moon. With pictures by Laura Freeman, this 2019 Coretta Scott King Illustrator Honor book, which recognizes works for children by and about African Americans, brings the extraordinary tale of these groundbreakers to vibrant life for young readers. The audiobook was read by prolific narrator Bahni Turpin. Check out your local library online for free audiobooks for kids, including this one.

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Honeybee: The Busy Life of Apis Mellifera by Candace Fleming

For ages 6+

Kids either love or fear bees—or both—and this picture book capitalizes on that fascination to present a lovely, fact-filled tale about the life cycle of these environmentally important creatures. Winner of the 2021 Sibert Medal for the most distinguished informational book for children, as well as an Orbis Pictus Honor Book and an American Library Association Notable Children’s Book, this is one of the best nonfiction books for kids on a science topic.

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The Undefeated by Kwame Alexander

For ages 6+

Another major award winner, this 2019 New York Times best seller is a Newbery Honor Book, one of the highest awards in children’s literature. It’s also one of the best poetry books for kids, highlighting people and events in Black history in the United States, from slavery to Martin Luther King, Jr. Cultural figures in sports, literature, art, and music are also celebrated, and the back of the book includes additional biographical and historical information for further reading. With photorealistic illustrations by Kadir Nelson, the book is also a Caldecott Medal winner and a Coretta Scott King Illustrator Award winner.

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The Lights & Types of Ships at Night by Dave Eggers

For ages 6+

This 2020 NPR Book Concierge pick proves that any nonfiction topic can be compelling when presented with beautiful pictures and language. Full of details on different types of ships, the book features stunning illustrations of the boats lit up at nighttime, reflecting on the water and sparkling in the sky. Kids can also have fun looking for the image of a seal named Fatima in every illustration of water in the book.

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Grand Canyon by Jason Chin

For ages 7+

A Caldecott Honor Book and Orbis Pictus Award winner, this 2017 book is jam-packed with everything a young nature lover would want to know about the Grand Canyon. With gorgeous illustrations, the informational text covers the history and formation of the canyon, its wildlife and ecology, and its geology. A fold-out panorama, rich back-of-book material, and a map of the canyon complete the immersive reading experience. This literary field trip could inspire your child to want to visit the real Grand Canyon someday! Display it with your coffee table books to keep kids engaged and in the conversation when you have visitors.

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Baking Class by Deanna F. Cook

For ages 8+

Kids love the independence that how-to instruction books afford them. This 2017 cookbook features 50 easy recipes for aspiring chefs, along with fun pictures and graphics to help them along the way. An NPR Best Book of the Year, one of the New York Times‘ Best Cookbooks for Kids, and an IACP (International Association of Culinary Professionals) Cookbook Award winner, this beloved baking cookbook will inspire caregivers and children to bond while creating healthy and yummy treats they can enjoy together.

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Never Caught, The Story of Ona Judge by Erica Armstrong Dunbar and Kathleen Van Cleve

For ages 9+

Around fourth grade, kids are ready to start reading longer stories that tackle more serious subjects. The young readers’ version of this National Book Award finalist uses compelling narrative nonfiction to tell the gripping true story of the courageous Ona Judge, who was born into slavery on George and Martha Washington’s estate but later successfully ran away to New Hampshire. Written by a historian, the 2019 book was listed among School Library Journal‘s Best Nonfiction Books of the Year. A powerful introduction to an important part of American history told through the engrossing story of one amazing woman’s daring escape, it’s one of the essential books about race in America you’ll want to put on your family’s must-read list.

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Greta’s Story: The Schoolgirl Who Went on Strike to Save the Planet by Valentina Camerini

For ages 9+

No need to wait until they’re grown up—kids can do amazing things at whatever age they are right now. This inspiring tale for young people tells the story of a 15-year-old Swedish student named Greta Thunberg, who went on strike for the environment, gained international attention for her work, and started a global movement to raise awareness of climate change. Through Greta’s example, this 2019 book encourages kids to take action now, stand up for a cause they believe in, impact their own future—and even save the planet.

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The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind by William Kamkwamba and Bryan Mealer

For ages 10+

Cowritten by the titular boy himself, now a grown man, this true story follows a young student in Malawi who taught himself how to build a windmill from spare parts in order to irrigate the land and save his family’s farm. Embedded in this inspiring “kids can do anything” 2015 book are lessons about how ingenuity fosters amazing inventions, what life is like in an impoverished country, how things we take for granted (water, electricity) can be hard to come by in other parts of the world, and how science and learning can lead to incredible solutions to problems. Young readers can then watch the Netflix movie adaptation directed by and starring Chiwetel Ejiofor.

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The Faithful Spy: Dietrich Bonhoeffer and the Plot to Kill Hitler by John Hendrix

For ages 10+

Calling all graphic novel fans: This 2018 biography of real-life double agent and would-be Hitler assassin Dietrich Bonhoeffer is told through the stunning use of illustrated frames. Written like a spy thriller (because Bonhoeffer’s story really was one), it leads follows Hitler’s rise to power and one German pastor’s attempts to resist it. Visual learners will appreciate the use of color and design, as well as maps and diagrams, to bring history to life in this complex yet accessible nonfiction story for adolescents. The book was a YALSA (Young Adult Library Services Association) Award for Excellence in Nonfiction finalist and named a Best Book of 2018 by NPR and School Library Journal.

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All Thirteen: The Incredible Cave Rescue of the Thai Boys’ Soccer Team by Christina Soontornvat

For ages 10+

What would happen if your soccer team’s afternoon hike turned into a 17-day survival story that gripped the whole world? Young readers love tales of heart-pounding adventure, so this 2020 book about kids just like them is sure to hold their interest through the last page. Weaving in information about Thai culture and religion, as well as explaining the complex science and engineering that went into the rescue operation, the narrative nonfiction book includes firsthand accounts of the incident. The book was a 2021 Newbery Honor Book, Robert F. Sibert Honor Book, Orbis Pictus Award Honor Book, and YALSA Award for Excellence in Nonfiction finalist. Looking to read a riveting tale yourself? Check out our list of the best autobiographies of all time.

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Originally Published: November 15, 2021

Tina Donvito

Tina Donvito is a regular contributor to’s Culture and Travel sections. She also writes about health and wellness, parenting, and pregnancy. Previously editor-in-chief of Twist magazine, Donvito has also written for Parade Magazine, The New York Times, The Washington Post, and Parents Magazine online, among others. Here work was selected by author Elizabeth Gilbert to be included in the anthology Eat Pray Love Made Me Do It: Life Journeys Inspired by the Bestselling Memoir. She earned a BA in English and History from Rutgers University.

53 Nonfiction Picture Books for Kids of All Ages

We can all remember our teachers, parents, or our school librarians reading picture books to us as we all sat captivated, waiting to see what was on the next page. And while most of these books were fiction, there are many captivating non-fiction picture books as well. Continue reading to discover amazing non-fiction picture books!

Nonfiction Picture Books for Preschool and Elementary Grades

1. National Geographic Look and Learn: Baby Animals

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National Geographic has a wonderful series of board books, and this one does not disappoint! Children will delight in looking at and learning about these adorable baby animals and their moms.

2. Shapes All Around

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Through vivid illustrations, children can learn about shapes and their relationship to the world around us--like the relationships of hexagons to beehives and triangles to mountains!

3. If Animals Kissed Good Night 

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This cute bedtime book explores how animals and their parents say good night to one another. Like a wolf howling, every animal would has its unique way to show one another they are loved.

4. My First Book of Planets: All About the Solar System for Kids 

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Written by a planetary scientist, this book is full of amazing real-life images of planets and our solar system. Get any kid interested in the world beyond our planet with this book! Check out Dr. Bruce Betts on Amazon for additional resources!

5. Goodnight, Goodnight, Construction Site

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Delight in this book for kids about all the different heavy equipment--from bulldozers to dump trucks--used on construction sites.

6. ABC for Me: What Can She Be? Girls can be anything they want to be, From A to Z

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Equality for women doesn't start when they are adults--it starts by planting the seed in young girls' minds that they can be anything they want, and there is no better place to start this journey than in this picture book about all of the different occupations women can take part in.

7. All About Weather: A First Weather Book for Kids 

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This engaging book with colorful illustrations introduces children to all different types of weather--from sunshine to snowstorms--and encourages them to explore the world around them.

8. It's OK to be Different: A Children's Picture Book About Diversity and Kindness 

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Children need to learn that our differences are what makes us all special, and this book does just that by discussing the ways in which we are all different and celebrating these differences.

9. Let's Build a Farm: A Construction Book for Kids 

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What better way to introduce the topics of engineering and construction to young children than through building a farm! This book details all of the steps needed to have a farm, from building a barn to plowing fields.

10. This Little Trailblazer: A Girl Power Primer 

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From American woman Rosa Parks to French-born Coco Chanel, this book celebrates women who made a positive change in the world.

11. Actual Size 

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How big is the world's biggest spider? Which animal has a tongue that's two feet long? Learn these neat facts and more in this cool book!

12. Joan Procter, Dragon Doctor: The Woman Who Loved Reptiles 

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Children can learn all about how Joan Procter's love of reptiles led to her having a career as a curator of reptiles and eventually designing the Reptile House at the London Zoo!

13. Fauja Singh Keeps Going: The True Story of the Oldest Person to Ever Run a Marathon 

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Most of us cannot imagine running a marathon in our prime, let alone our later years. Students will delight in this story of the oldest man to complete a marathon when he was over 100 years old!

14. Go for the Moon: A Rocket, a Boy, and the First Moon Landing 

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Take children through every step of the moon landing, from designing the spacecraft to stepping foot onto the moon's surface!

15. Shark Lady: The True Story of How Eugenie Clark Became the Ocean's Most Fearless Scientist 

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Eugenie Clark became known as the "Shark Lady" after earning multiple degrees and teaching people that sharks should be admired, not feared. Read this teacher's pick to your children!

16. The Crayon Man: The True Story of the Invention of Crayola Crayons 

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What child doesn't love crayons? Learn all about the Crayon Man, Edwin Binney, and his journey to creating the Crayola crayon.

17. Skulls! by Blair Thornburgh, illustrated 

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Skulls are often depicted as things to be feared, but in this delightfully illustrated picture book, students will learn about how cool these crucial parts of our bodies really are!

18. The Rim: How Elgin Baylor Changed Basketball 

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This picture book biography tells the story of Elgin Baylor, one of the greatest basketball players of all time, who was often discriminated against off the court and thereby became a champion for civil rights. The bravery and determination of his one-man protest caught the attention of the world.

19. RESPECT: Aretha Franklin, the Queen of Soul

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Another of the most well-known African Americans of our time, Aretha Franklin touched the hearts and lives of many through both her music and her fight for civil rights. The amazing illustrations within this book are an artistic inspiration for any young budding artist!

20. It Began With a Page: How Gyo Fujikawa Drew the Way 

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Telling true stories to children of individuals who persevered, regardless of obstacles they faced, is not only important--it is crucial to their successes later in life. And nowhere better can you find a story of triumph than in this story of illustrator Gyo Fujikawa, a woman who fought for racial diversity in children's books.

21. Hidden Figures: The True Story of Four Black Women and the Space Race 

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This is the fascinating story of four black women who worked at NASA as "human computers" during the Space Race. This is an important book to read when discussing equality for women with children.

22. A Picture Book of George Washington Carver (Picture Book Biography) 

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This is the first picture book biography of George Washington Carver. It is written as a narrative from George's perspective and highlights his childhood, his later life at Tuskegee, Alabama, and his achievements through the years.

23. What Do You Do With a Voice Like That? The Story of Extraordinary Congresswoman Barbara Jordan

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Among many powerful biographical nonfiction picture books comes the story of Barbara Jordan--a girl born into poverty in rural Texas who not only conquered law school--she became a part of the United States Congress.

24. I'm Trying to Love Spiders

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It can sometimes be hard to get kids interested in nonfiction books, but that is not so of Bethany Barton's cute, entertaining books about the world around us. This endearing book about our eight-legged friends--spiders--will have children looking at these interesting creatures in a different, less scary, light.

25. Dinosaur Encyclopedia for Kids: The Big Book of Prehistoric Creature

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Learn about 90 different types of dinosaurs in this wonderfully illustrated book that teaches all about these prehistoric creatures!

26. Opal Lee and What It Means to Be Free: The True Story of the Grandmother of Juneteenth

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Teach your children the values of determination, perseverance, kindness, and bravery as they learn about the real history of Juneteenth in this important nonfiction picture book.

27. 5-Minute Really True Stories for Bedtime: 30 Amazing Stories: Featuring frozen frogs, King Tut’s beds, the world's biggest sleepover, the phases of the moon, and more 

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From stories about King Tut's tomb to grizzly bears hibernating, this interesting nonfiction picture book will capture any child's attention.

Nonfiction Picture Books for Middle School and Higher

28. Jars of Hope: How One Woman Helped Save 2,500 Children During the Holocaust (Encounter: Narrative Nonfiction Picture Books) 

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Irena Sendler was a brave woman who saved many children from the Warsaw ghetto during the Holocaust. Teach your child about this amazing hero!

29. Mistakes That Worked: 40 Familiar Inventions & How They Came to Be 

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Teach children about things that were invented by accident--from x-rays to sandwiches and everything in between!

30. The 50 States: Explore the U.S.A. with 50 fact-filled maps! 

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In this book full of wonderful illustrations, children can learn fun facts about every state, like where to find ghost towns to which state has the best bacon donuts!

31. World History for Kids: 500 Facts! (History Facts for Kids)

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Non-fiction books about history can sometimes be boring, but not this one! Children will learn 500 interesting facts from all over the world, starting in ancient Mesopotamia and ending in the modern-day!

32. LeBron James: The Children's Book: The Boy Who Became King

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Students will delight in this story that follows the life of LeBron James and how he came "king of basketball" despite humble beginnings.

33. Frida Kahlo: The Artist in the Blue House 

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Through beautiful reproductions of Kahlo's artwork, children will learn about the life of Frida Kahlo, important relationships within her life, and her passion for art.

34. History Smashers: Plagues and Pandemics 

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This picture book about plagues covers everything from the bubonic plague to COVID-19, all while busting myths and giving facts!

35. Superpuppy: How to Choose, Raise, and Train the Best Possible Dog for You (How to Choose, Raise, and Train the Best Possible Dog for You)

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Teach children how to train your new puppy with these book-filled ways to relate to your dog based on its personality!

36. A Bowl Full of Peace: A True Story

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After the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, the only thing left intact of Sachiko Yasui's home was a green leaf-shaped bowl. Readers will learn about surviving the bombing and finding peace in this touching story.

37. Discovering Nature's Laws: A Story About Isaac Newton

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Controversy oftentimes surrounded Isaac Newton, as even though he made brilliant discoveries that forever changed the scientific community, he never felt the need to publish his findings. Read this interesting biography picture book to learn all about his life and discoveries.

38. Hedy's Journey: The True Story of a Hungarian Girl Fleeing the Holocaust

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Follow 16-year old Hedy as she travels across Europe on her own, hoping to make it to the United States.

39. Locomotive

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All children will be brought into the world of riding on the transcontinental railroad in this beautifully illustrated book.

40. Survivors of the Holocaust: True Stories of Six Extraordinary Children

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Through haunting illustrations, students will learn the accounts of what six children went through during the Holocaust. This touching book also includes pictures and recent updates about the individuals included.

41. Passport

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In this graphic memoir, young readers will learn the story of Sophia, an American who doesn't feel like an American because she has lived in so many countries. When she learns her parents are working for the CIA, her whole world turns upside down.

42. Chunky

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Another graphic memoir is the touching story of a young Jewish Hispanic boy while he tries to lose weight and focus on his health, all with the help of his imaginary friend.

43. The Wall: Growing Up behind the Iron Curtain

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This teachers' pick follows the life of a young man growing up in Communist Russia who has won many, many awards.

44. Drowned City: Hurricane Katrina & New Orleans

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In 2005, Hurricane Katrina devastated New Orleans, killing one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three people. Read this riveting graphic novel to learn even more facts about Hurricane Katrina.

45. The Dumbest Idea Ever

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This graphic memoir follows Jimmy through middle school as he struggles with missing school because he is very sick. But this unexpected time at home leads him to think of the dumbest idea ever, which turns out to be the best thing that's ever happened to him!

46. Red Cloud: A Lakota Story of War and Surrender

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Told from the point of view of Red Cloud, a powerful Lakota leader, young readers will learn many things, including how his people were the only ones to ever win a battle against American soldiers on American land and how he eventually surrendered to the white man.

47. Strange Fruit: Billie Holiday and the Power of a Protest Song

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Along with Abel Meeropol, the son of Jewish immigrants, Billie Holiday creates a powerful song about injustice. Read this to find how this story helped paved the way for the Civil Rights movement.

48. The Tapir Scientist: Saving South America's Largest Mammal

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Join scientists as they search Brazil for the ever-elusive tapir!

49. Grand Canyon

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Learn how the terrain of the Grand Canyon changed over hundreds, even millions of years, in this beautifully illustrated picture book.

50. Evicted! The Struggle for the Right to Vote

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Learn about the events that led to the Voting Rights Act of 1965 through poignant stories from black families who were forced to live in tents and were shunned by the white community in Tennessee.

51. For the Right to Learn: Malala Yousafzai's Story

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Learn how one brave girl forever changed the world in her fight for the right to an education.

52. They Called Us Enemy

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Follow beloved George Takei as he details his experiences of living in internment camps as a boy.

53. In the Shadow of the Fallen Towers

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Through individual stories of people who lived through the 9/11 attacks, this nonfiction picture book shows the way in which this tragic event shaped our country.

Non-fiction and fiction books

Non-fiction ( non - fiction ) and fiction ( fiction ), in other words, fiction and non-fiction. These are two genres that are often considered opposites. First of all, fiction is often seen as based on the writer's imagination. And non-fiction - as based on real events. However, there is a lot of overlap between the two genres, and many writers use elements of both in their work. nine0017

Both fiction and non-fiction have their strengths and weaknesses. Naturally, there is no right or wrong answer when it comes to choosing what to write. Each writer decides for himself what he wants to achieve in his work and what genre is best suited for his goals.


Non-fiction - non-fiction. This is a genre of written works based on real events and facts. You will find non-fiction texts in a variety of formats. For example, books, magazines, newspapers and articles on the Internet.

Non-fiction in English - non-fiction.

First of all, the purpose of non-fiction is to inform the reader about a particular topic or tell a true story. Non-fiction authors use many different techniques to captivate the reader. For example, they use solid descriptions, personal anecdotes, and statistics.

Of course, there are many different types of books in the world. But, of course, non-fiction books - non-fiction books - are some of the most interesting and informative. These books are based on real events and facts and they can teach you a lot about different topics. Whether you're interested in history, science, or even just current events, there's bound to be a non-fiction book to suit.

One of the great things about non-fiction is that it can be about anything. If you are interested in a certain topic, then you will most likely find a non-fiction book on that topic. First of all, books are usually well researched and can provide you with a lot of information. You may not be able to find it elsewhere. nine0017

Another reason to read non-fiction books is that they often offer a different way of looking at things. If you're used to hearing only one side of a story, reading a non-fiction book can give you a whole new perspective. These books are definitely instructive. They can make you look at things differently.

If you're looking for a good book to read, pick up non-fiction. These books are exciting and educational. And you will definitely learn something new from them. nine0017

Features of non-fiction books

There is something special about non-fiction books. The non-fiction genre is the ability to captivate on a journey. Meet new people and new ideas. The perception of the world is definitely changing. Non-fiction books are an integral part of our culture and history. They help to shape the human experience and help to understand the place of man in the world.

Non-fiction, on the other hand, is written to inform the reader. The non-fiction audience is anyone who wants to learn about a particular topic. First of all, a book has been written about anything - from history, science to current events. nine0017

One of the most important elements of non fiction, i.e. non-fiction, is accuracy. Authors must be sure that their facts are correct and their sources are reliable. In addition, authors often conduct extensive research on their topics in order to write about them competently. Although non-fiction is serious and informative, it certainly has a place to be fun and entertaining. Many non-fiction authors use humor and plot to make their writing more enjoyable to read. nine0017

Whether you are reading a history book, an article in a fashion magazine, or a newspaper report about a local crime, you are contributing non-fiction, non-fiction . Genre is an important part of our daily lives, and it can be both educational and entertaining.

Non-fiction books can change life. They can make us better people and citizens of the world. So let's read non-fiction books. Consider the important role they play in a person's life. nine0017

Categories of Non-Fiction

There are non-fiction books of different types, each with its own purpose and audience. Here are some of the more common non-fiction categories:

  1. Biography/memoirs. A biography is the story of a person's life as told by someone else. Memoirs are the story of a person's life, told by himself. They are both serious and frivolous, often inspiring or emotional. nine0078
  2. History. History books are broad in scope. Tell the story of a nation or period of time. First of all, quite specific, focused on one event or person.
  3. Business/self-help. These books offer advice and guidance on all matters. From starting your own business to improving personal relationships.
  4. Science. Non-fiction books cover a wide range of topics. We are talking about different things: from the latest discoveries in quantum physics to the history of the universe. nine0003 Scientific books highly technical and clearly written. Designed for non-specialists and full of fascinating facts.
  5. Travel. Travel books are recommended as a guide. They contain information about everything from hotels to restaurants. There are also more personal stories about traveling to distant lands. Travel books are sure to inspire, they are educational or just entertaining.
  6. Nature/environment. These books are about the natural world. Educational, emphasize the importance of nature conservation. Beautiful, showing stunning photographs of our planet. nine0078
  7. Cookbooks. Cookbooks contain recipes and recommendations for preparing any dish - from a simple dish to a complex cake. They are written by professional chefs or, for example, home cooks. Of course, often contain tips and tricks for best results.
  8. Art/photography. First of all, these books feature the work of artists and photographers from all over the world.
  9. Reference literature. Reference literature is necessary for those who are looking for information on a particular topic. We are talking about encyclopedias, dictionaries, or even books on a specific topic, such as gardening or car maintenance. nine0078

Whatever the non-fiction genre , a good non-fiction book is always well researched and well written. It is also captivating, thought-provoking and often inspiring.

Details about non-fiction style

Non-fiction style is a form of books based on real events and facts. Unlike fiction, non-fiction is not fictional or imaginary. It is often used in books, magazines, newspapers and online publications. nine0017

There are many different types of non-fiction, including:

  • Exposition is an explanation of something. First of all, it is published with the help of description, comparison and contrast.
  • Story - tells a story. For example, based on real events or fictional.
  • Argumentation. Used to persuade the reader to agree with the writer's point of view.
  • Convincing. The goal is to convince the reader to take some action.

Each type of non fiction book has its own set of recommendations. For example, exposés are usually written in the third person, while narrative books can be written in the first or third person. Arguing and convincing forms can be written in both the first and third person, but more often it is written in the first person.

If you are writing in a non-fiction style, it is important to remember the following:

  • Use accurate information. This is one of the most important aspects of writing non-fiction. All information in your letter, first of all, must be accurate. nine0078
  • Be clear and concise. Non-fiction is definitely easy to understand. Avoid using big words or jargon that the reader may not be familiar with.
  • Use a simple sentence structure. Non-fiction is not the time to get creative with sentence structure. Make sentences short and to the point.
  • Avoid bias. When writing non-fiction, it is important to be objective. Don't let your personal opinions or feelings influence your article. nine0078

If you're new to writing non-fiction, it's best to start with a shorter piece. For example, articles or blog posts. Once you've mastered the basics of writing non-fiction, you can move on to longer pieces. For example, such as books or essays.

Fiction books

Fiction literature is written for the purpose of entertainment. The audience for fiction is anyone who wants to be entertained by history. Fiction can be written in any genre, from romance to mystery to science fiction. nine0017

Fiction can be enjoyed for its own sake. Also used as a teaching and learning tool. For example, to study other cultures, to study social problems, as well as to develop critical thinking and creativity. It can also be used as a form of entertainment.

Whatever the purpose, fiction can be a powerful and enriching experience.

There are many different kinds of fiction, but all fiction has one thing in common: it is not true. All inventions are invented by the author: characters, settings and events in a work of art. Fruit of the author's imagination. Even if a work of fiction is based on real people or events, the author must still come up with a story. This is what distinguishes fiction from non-fiction. nine0017

Types of fiction books

Fiction is fiction books that tell a story. They are made up of characters and events that are not real. Fiction is divided into various genres, or types, of stories. The most common genres are mystery, romance, and science fiction.

  1. Novels are the most common type of fiction. They are usually longer than other types of fiction. As a rule, they have a complex plot with many characters and subplots. Novels are written in various genres such as historical fiction, romance, mysticism, science fiction, etc. nine0078
  2. Short stories - another kind of fiction book . They tend to be shorter than novels and often focus on a single event or situation. The characters in a short story are usually not as well developed, and the story is often not told in as much detail. Short stories can be written in various genres such as science fiction, fantasy, mystery, etc.
  3. Plays are a type of fiction designed to be performed by actors on stage. The plays have dialogue between characters and often focus on conflict and its resolution. Plays can be written in various genres such as comedy, drama, tragedy and others. nine0078
  4. Films are a kind of fiction book based on which a film was made. Movies, in most cases, are based on a novel or short story.
  5. Novels that are longer than short stories but shorter than novels.
  6. Flash fiction, which is very short stories.

But there are many other genres such as historical fiction, horror and comedy. Each genre has its own conventions, or rules. For example, in a detective story, the reader tries to find out who committed the crime. In romance, the reader is rooting for the couple to get back together. In science fiction, the action may take place in the future or in another world. There is also a sub-genre of fiction called metafiction. Fantasy, which itself is aware of its status as a work of art. nine0017

Children's non-fiction

There is so much non-fiction for children that it can be hard to know where to start. But don't worry - we're here to help! There are a wide variety of non-fiction books for children on a variety of topics. For example:

  • domestic and wild animals and even beetles;
  • ancient cultures;
  • celebrities;
  • important events;
  • human body; nine0078
  • solar system;
  • natural world;
  • concepts of metamorphosis and life cycles;
  • information about the world,
  • the topic of reproduction for children;
  • adventure;
  • science and more.

They are presented in a fun and easy way for children to understand. Simply and clearly written, with many illustrations to help explain concepts, photographs and puzzles. In addition, there is a considerable list of other characteristic features that distinguish a children's book from others. nine0017

  1. One common feature is the use of illustrations. The illustrations help bring the story to life and make it more visually appealing. They can also help clarify text for younger readers.
  2. Another common feature is the use of simple language. It is important that children can understand the story. Use rhymes - this can also help make the story more memorable.
  3. Repetition is another common feature of children's books. Strengthening the key ideas of the story. The story is more enjoyable to read aloud. nine0078
  4. Many children's books also contain topics that are relevant to young readers. We are talking about topics such as friendship, family and growing up.
  5. Children's books are often shorter than books for adults. It is necessary so that children can easily follow the plot and not be bored or upset.
  6. Children's books often contain a moral message or lesson. One of the main ways they can help children learn about the world around them.

All these features combine to make children's books a special and enjoyable genre. They are an important part of the education and development of any child. nine0017

Non-fiction for teenagers

Most books for teenagers are fiction, but there are also non-fiction books. Fiction books usually have a main character - a teenager. The plot is more often devoted to coming of age or some other problems that teenagers face. Non-fiction books are non-fiction books about teenagers often dealing with issues such as mental health, bullying or sexuality. nine0017

Many people think that non-fiction is boring, but this is not always the case. There are many different types of non-fiction, and some of them can be quite interesting. For example, biographies and autobiographies can be fascinating stories about real people. History books will tell you about the past and how history has influenced the present. There are many other types of non-fiction that will tell about the world around a person.

One of the best things about non-fiction is that it can be about anything. So if you are interested in a specific topic, then there will certainly be a non-fiction book about it. And if you're not sure what interests you, reading non-fiction will help you figure it out.

Of course, not all non-fiction for teenagers is suitable. Some of them are too complex, or too dry, or just plain uninteresting. But there is a lot of non-fiction that is perfect for teenagers. So if you're looking for something to read, don't rule out non-fiction. You may be surprised at how much you like it. nine0017

Features of teen books

Most teen books have a few things in common.

  1. First, they tend to be quick and easy to read. This is due to the fact that teenagers have a more distracted attention than adults, and they also usually prefer exciting and light stories.
  2. Secondly, they often touch on issues that are relevant to the lives of teenagers. For example: from friendship and first love to more serious topics like drugs and alcohol, or even death and grief. nine0078
  3. Thirdly, books for teens are often written in a way that teenagers can understand. The characters often feel like real people, and the situations they get into can actually happen. Stories become more enjoyable to read and also helps teens feel like they can relate to what's going on.
  4. Fourth, most books for teenagers are written in the first person. The reader perceives the story through the eyes of the protagonist. It allows teenagers to feel like a part of history, and the events that take place seem more real. nine0078
  5. Finally, books for teenagers often have happy endings. Teenagers are still optimistic about life, and they need to believe that everything will work out in the end. Even if the book is about something difficult, like death or divorce, the ending will usually be hopeful.

These are just some of the characteristics of the books teenagers read. Of course, not every book has all of these features, but most of them have at least some of them. If you are looking for a good book to read, keep these features in mind. So you are sure to find something you like. nine0017

Medical non-fiction

Medical non-fiction is a genre of written literature that focuses on factual information about health and medicine. Of course, this type of written work may include topics such as:

  • medical research;
  • treatment;
  • diseases;
  • much more.

Medical Non-Fiction is often used to provide information to patients, families and caregivers about various medical conditions. In other words, the type of literature is used to educate the general public on medical topics. nine0017

Medical non-fiction primarily can be divided into two main categories:

  • scientific literature is used to communicate research results to other scientists;
  • Medical journalism serves to convey information about health and medicine to the general public.

Both types of medical non-fiction use clear, concise language to convey complex information.

Scientific literature often uses specialized language and terminology. Therefore, they may be difficult to understand for non-specialists. However, medical journalism is written in a more accessible style. It is easier to understand, first of all, for non-specialists. In addition, medical journalism typically includes personal stories and interviews with experts, which can make information more accessible and engaging. nine0017

If you are looking for information about a specific medical condition or just want to learn more about health and medicine, medical non-fiction can be a great source of information. This genre can provide you with accurate, up-to-date information to help you make informed decisions about your health.

Editions of fiction and non-fiction books

It's a fact: people love books. And as the world's largest book maker, their printing is big business. How do all these books get from the author's computer into your hands? Of course, it all starts with the publishing house. nine0017

A publishing house is a company that primarily specializes in publishing books. It could be everything. For example, 90,003 non-fiction publishing houses, 90,004 children's and adult books, and other multi-page literature are printed. Of course, the publisher is responsible for all aspects of the book production process, from editing and design to printing and distribution.

  1. The first step in the book printing process is, of course, getting the manuscripts. The publishing house has a team of editors who are responsible for finding new authors and books that match the interests of the company. nine0078
  2. Once the manuscript is received, the editing process begins. The editor works with the author to make sure the book is ready for publication. This includes ensuring that the book is well written and free of errors.
  3. After the editing process is completed, the manuscript is submitted to the design team. The main thing is that the designer creates the cover for the book and decorates the inner pages.
  4. Subsequently, the book is ready for printing. The publishing house cooperates with a printing house to produce finished books. The printer will print the books according to the specifications provided by the publisher. nine0078
  5. After the books are printed, mailing is done. A publishing house usually has a sales department that is responsible for shipping books to stores.

This is how a book goes from an idea in the author's head to being available at the local bookstore. So the next time you pick up a book, think about all the steps you had to go through to get it in your hands.

Read more? But is there any benefit from stories invented by someone? nine0001

  • Claudia Hammond
  • BBC Future

Image copyright Getty Images

We hear from childhood that we need to read more. But do modern studies confirm the positive impact of fiction on a person?

More than 1.8 million books are bought in the US every day. In the UK, half a million. Despite the many distractions (and entertainment) of modern life, people still love to read. nine0017

Books teach us to understand the world around us, help to expand vocabulary and correct spelling.

But can fiction make us better?

Many miraculous things have been attributed to the influence of fiction, from the desire to get involved in charity, to civic activism, to the gradual decline in violence around the world over the centuries.

Masterfully written characters keep us immersed in the story being told. As Aristotle said, when we watch a tragedy, two emotions prevail in us - pity (for the main character) and fear (for ourselves). nine0017

We imagine what it would be like to be the person we read about and compare the reaction of a character in a book in a given situation with how we would act in his place. Or we imagine how we will behave if we find ourselves in such a situation in the future.

This exercise (perspective from another person's point of view) is like training in understanding other people. That's why Canadian psychologist Keith Oatley calls fiction "the flight simulator of our mind." nine0017

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Just as pilots learn to fly an airliner without taking off from the ground, people who regularly read fiction can improve their social skills by discovering a novel.

In his research, Oatley found that as soon as we begin to identify with characters, we begin to think about their goals and desires instead of our own.

When the characters in a book are in danger, our hearts beat faster. It even happens that we suffocate from excitement. nine0017

However, the thought that all this is not happening to us is comforting and even pleasurable. We are not terrified, we do not jump out of the window to save ourselves.

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    For example, when we read the word "kick", the same areas in the brain are activated that a physical kick activates.

    When we read that the hero has grasped the end of a thin rope, the area of ​​the brain associated with grasping is active.

    To follow the plot, we need to know which of the characters knows what, how they feel and what each of them thinks about the thoughts and plans of other characters.

    To do this, you need to have the ability called mental state modeling. When people read about what thoughts a hero has in their head, exactly those areas in the brain that are responsible for this ability are activated in their brain. nine0017

    Image copyright, Getty Images

    Image caption,

    Reading fiction activates certain areas of our brain

    And since we learn to empathize with others through reading, is there any way to prove that those who read fiction, do they have better social skills than those who mostly read non-fiction, non-fiction, or none at all?

    One of the difficulties here is that people tend to exaggerate the number of books they read. To get around it, Oatley and his colleagues gave students a list of authors of fiction and non-fiction and asked them to mark which ones they had heard of. nine0017

    Participants in the experiment were warned that the lists contained fictitious names - to check whether the subjects were lying.

    The number of writers people have heard of is a good indicator of how much they read.

    Image copyright, Getty Images

    Image caption,

    Many of us tend to exaggerate the number of books we read

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    Oakley's team then administered a Mind in the Eyes test to participants, which asks participants to take photographs with only a pair of eyes.

    The task is to determine, by the expression of the eyes and the state of the mimic muscles surrounding them, what kind of emotion the person is experiencing in the picture.

    A list of options is given - for example, embarrassment, guilt, a state of daydreaming, anxiety...

    The difference in the expression of the eyes is subtle, at first glance it may seem neutral, so the task is much more difficult than it might seem.

    However, the fact remains that those who read more fiction scored higher on this test. As well as on the scale of interpersonal susceptibility.

    Psychologist Diana Tamir of the Princeton Social Neuroscience Laboratory has been able to demonstrate that people who read a lot of fiction have better social cognition. nine0017

    In other words, they have a better understanding of how others feel or think.

    Using brain scans, Tamir found that when reading fiction, increased brain activity is observed in those areas of the brain that are usually excited when a person thinks about what others are thinking.

    Image copyright, Getty Images

    Image caption,

    Those who read more fiction tend to have a better understanding of other people

    Those who read novels have a better understanding of the emotions of others than the average person. However, does that necessarily make them better? nine0017

    To test this, the researchers used a method that anyone who has studied psychology is familiar with: dropping a few pens or pencils on the floor, as if by accident, and then watching who rushes to your aid.

    Before participants were tested for willingness to participate in pencil picking, they were asked to complete a questionnaire, including questions to measure empathy.

    They then read a short story and answered a series of questions about how they were taken by the story. Are they good characters? Do they want to know more about the characters after they've finished the story? nine0017

    The experimenters then said that they needed to bring something from another room and then - oh! - suddenly dropped six pens on the floor.

    And it worked: those who were captivated by the story they just read, who sympathized more with its characters, were more likely to come to the rescue and pick up pens from the floor.

    You ask: maybe these people were generally kinder and more sympathetic by nature - even before they read the story?

    Image copyright Getty Images

    Image caption,

    Those who were more engrossed in reading were then less selfish

    But the authors of the study took into account the participants' scores on the empathy scale and found that, regardless of this, those who were more engrossed in what they read were more altruistic.

    Of course, experiments are one thing. Quite possibly, in real life, the opposite is true: those who are more sympathetic to others are more interested in their inner life, and such an interest attracts them to reading novels and short stories. nine0017

    This item is not easy to learn. Ideally, it is necessary to measure the degree and levels of empathy of participants at different stages of life, either reading fiction or quitting - and so on for years.

    Instead, several short studies were carried out. For example, Dutch scientists suggested that students read either newspaper articles about the riots in Greece and the holiday in the Netherlands, or a chapter from the novel "Blindness" by Nobel laureate José Saramago.

    In this chapter, a man, sitting at the wheel of a car, is waiting for the green light to turn on, when he suddenly loses his sight. Those who rode with him deliver him home, and a passer-by who promised to drive a car to his house steals it instead. nine0017

    Immediately after the students read this story, their level of empathy increased. But even a week later, those who were highly engaged by what they read showed even higher results on the empathy scale.

    Of course, you can say that not only works of art influence our behavior and feelings. We can also feel empathy for people we read about in news reports.

    Image copyright, Getty Images

    Image caption,

    Reading fiction helps you become a good doctor. And, apparently, not only a doctor

    But fiction has at least three advantages. We have access to the inner world of the hero - which we do not have in journalism. We tend to take on faith what we read about people in a novel and what they say about themselves.

    Finally, novels allow us to do what we can't do in real life - to follow the life of a character over the years.

    So research shows that maybe reading fiction actually makes people behave better. nine0017

    And some educational institutions are already taking into account this serious impact - they are inserting humanitarian modules into their programs.

    For example, the Department of Family Medicine at the University of California at Irvine found that reading fiction helps you become a better doctor and developed a liberal arts program for medical students.

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