# Mathematics in kindergarten

## Math Skills for Kindergarten, What Your Child Will Learn, Komodo Math

• Math Tips
• Education
• K

As your child heads into kindergarten, you’ll be feeling all sorts of emotions. You may be wondering: How can my baby be that old? Is she ready? What exactly is he going to learn in kindergarten?

While kindergarten may have changed since you were a child, it still forms the foundation of your child’s schooling and we wrote earlier about how to prepare for a successful start to the school adventure.

In math, students will learn the basics of how numbers work while exploring place value and the concepts of addition and subtraction.

In kindergarten your child will learn how to:

#### 1.

Count to 100

Going into the school year, your child may be able to orally count to 10 or beyond. By the end of kindergarten, expect that counting to advance to 100. But don’t worry, we’re only talking about counting orally. Your kindergartner will not be expected to write all the numbers to 100.

In most kindergarten classrooms, teachers count the days of school with the children. By counting each day, children gradually become more fluent with bigger and bigger numbers. At the end of 100 days, kindergarten classrooms often have a big celebration with many more opportunities for counting.

At home: To support your child’s counting skills, encourage your kindergartner to count as high as possible. This is a great task to give your child in the car - or even at bedtime!

As well as counting to 100, kindergartners will be asked to count how many objects are in a group. Students need to be able to physically count objects one at a time, assigning one number to each object as they count. This is a skill called one-to-one correspondence.

At home: Ask children to tell you how many toys they are playing with and watch how they keep track of each object that is counted. If your kindergartner counts the same object twice or skips an object, encourage another try.

#### 3. Solve basic addition and subtraction problems

In kindergarten, children start to develop an understanding of addition and subtraction within 10. Kindergartners start by solving problems involving physical objects, and as the year goes on, students learn to draw pictures to represent addition and subtraction problems. They will even begin to solve simple word problems.

At home: Present two groups of blocks (less than 10 in all) and have your child add the blocks together. As your child develops understanding, you can ask simple addition or subtraction problems without using the physical objects as a support.

#### 4. Understand the numbers 11-19 as a ten plus some ones

Though it may seem quite advanced, your kindergartner will begin to understand the concept of place value and that position makes some numbers bigger than others - ie get to grips with the idea that 21 is bigger than 12. Students may use place value blocks to be able to “see” how ten ones become a ten.

At home: When counting blocks or lego bricks at home, make a group of ten. Then add on extra “ones” to make the numbers 11-19. You can even talk about place value when looking at written two-digit numbers.

#### 5. Name shapes

Kindergartners will learn about 2D and 3D shapes. They should be able to name different shapes while describing their features. Kindergartners love to recognize shapes in the real world!

At home: Help your child by having them spot squares, cubes, spheres, rectangles, etc. Challenge your kindergartener to draw pictures using basic 2D shapes, then talk to you about the drawings. Making and continuing shape patterns is another fun way to help engage your kindergartner as they learn about shapes.

Throughout the year, make sure to ask your child about what’s happening in kindergarten math. Give your child an opportunity to teach you by sharing what he or she has learned. Get ready for a fun year in kindergarten!

Written by Lily Jones, Lily loves all things learning. She has been a kindergarten & first grade teacher, instructional coach, curriculum developer, and teacher trainer. She loves to look at the world with curiosity and inspire people of all ages to love learning. She lives in California with her husband, two kids, and a little dog.

About Komodo – Komodo is a fun and effective way to boost K-5 math skills. Designed for 5 to 11-year-olds to use in the home, Komodo uses a little and often approach to learning math (15 minutes, three to five times per week) that fits into the busy family routine. Komodo helps users develop fluency and confidence in math – without keeping them at the screen for long.

Find out more about Komodo and how it helps thousands of children each year do better at maths – you can even try Komodo for free.

#### Back to School - 5 Tips to Help you Ease Back into the Routine

Here are some steps you can take to ease children back from full vacation mode so that the first week of school doesn't knock you sideways.

#### Mindset - The Path to Mastery

People who have a growth mindset believe that they always have the potential to learn and improve. They are more motivated to persevere with difficult tasks, to take risks and to learn from failure.

## What to Expect in Kindergarten Math

It's hard to believe that your baby is growing up and doing mathematics! Math is a big part of your child’s day in kindergarten. Your child will be exploring, experimenting, counting, sorting, and explaining. Young children often have trouble with symbolic concepts. For this reason, the early childhood classroom uses manipulatives. A manipulative is anything that your child can count or handle that helps him or her learn a concept. Typical math manipulatives found in the classroom include cubes, dice pattern blocks, clocks, and puzzles. For example, when someone says “three,” adults have no trouble visualizing three objects and the numeral 3, but it’s not as simple for children. By having something concrete like a manipulative to work with, child eventually bridge the gap between the physical world and the world of symbols and abstract concepts.

Here's how it might work. A child learning basic addition facts may start by using manipulatives to help him or her solve the problem. If the problem is 5 + 3, your child may make one group of five cubes and one group of three cubes. To find the sum, he or she will then put the groups together and count the total. By using manipulatives, your child will begin to understand that addition is putting groups together. The cubes serve as a bridge to the symbolic 5 + 3 = 8. Number sense is very important for success in math. It's a set of math skills that describes your child's understanding that numbers represent quantity or "how many". Children who develop number sense understand the order in math. They see the  relationships that numbers have to one another; they understand how numbers are put together and taken apart; and they have an intuitive sense about our number system. Working with patterns is another very important concept in mathematics. In kindergarten, your child will be working with patterns by sorting and grouping objects into sets and by explaining and extending simple patterns. Learning to recognize and extend patterns is a skill that will have many applications beyond the mathematics classroom. Here’s what your child should be able to do before starting kindergarten math:

• Count to ten
• Count a set of five objects using one-to-one correspondence
• Identify the numerals 1-5
• Compare sets of objects and describe them using “more,” “less,” “equal,” or same
• Use correct vocabulary to compare objects (“big,” “small”; “long,” “short”; “more,” “less”; “heavy,” “light”)
• Use words that identify time of day (“morning,” “afternoon,” “night,” “day”)
• Identify circles, squares, rectangles, and triangles when shown models
• Sort objects by their attributes (color, size, shape, and so on)
• Use words that indicate position (“in,” “out,” “beside,” “over,” “under,” “between”)
• Recognize and copy patterns in songs, rhymes, and body movements

By the end of kindergarten, students working at the standard level:

• Understand that numbers are symbols that tell you how many
• Know about time and can tell time to the nearest hour
• Recite numbers one through twenty corresponding to flash cards
• Combine and separate sets using objects
• Classify and sort sets
• Solve addition facts through 10
• Compare more, less, and same
• Recognize half of a whole object

Interactive resources are available on our kindergarten math games page, and other materials are available on our math resources page.

Adapted with permission from "Kindergarten Success: Everything You Need to Know to Help Your Child Learn" by Amy James (Jossey- Bass, 2005), which we highly recommend.

Next Article: Development of Cognitive Structures Related to Mathematics

## Mathematics in DOW. Formation of elementary mathematical representations.

Formation in a game form of elementary mathematical representations in children when comparing objects, groups of objects by size and quantity.

Author's lessons in mathematics for younger preschoolers. This material on FEMP is useful for preschool teachers

Summary of directly educational activities in mathematics in the middle group. Topic: Visiting forest dwellers.

Summaries of lessons on the formation of elementary mathematical concepts in the preparatory group (children aged 6–7 years).

Autumn. Classes on the formation of elementary mathematical representations for preschoolers in kindergarten. Autumn classes in mathematics at the preschool educational institution.

Notes on the formation of elementary mathematical representations for children 4-5 years old, the middle group of the preschool educational institution. For kindergarten teachers.

Abstract of leisure activities for the preparatory group in kindergarten, dedicated to professions "Does everyone need mathematics?".

Summaries of classes on the formation of elementary mathematical concepts in the senior group, children 5-6 years old.

Summary of the open GCD in mathematics in the middle group on the topic "Teremok in a new way." Summary of lessons on lego construction in kindergarten.

Count within 10 for preschool children in kindergarten. How to teach a child to count within 10.

Numbers from 1 to 10 for preschoolers. Summary of the lesson on FEMP (mathematics) in the preparatory group "From 1 to 10".

Number and number 0 for preschoolers. Number 0 for children. Purpose: To introduce the meaning and method of obtaining the number zero.

The number and number 7 for preschoolers. Number 7 for children. Summary of GCD in mathematics in the senior group "Consolidating the number and number 7."

Number and number 3 for preschoolers. Abstract of the FEMP lesson on teaching children to count up to 3 children of the second junior group.

A lesson on raising interest in mathematics among preschoolers. Purpose: to cultivate interest in mathematics, to develop the processes of logical thinking, visual and auditory perception, voluntary attention.

Purpose: To introduce children to the shape - circle, size, color. Tasks: To teach the ability to focus on

Math lesson for preschoolers: getting to know the geometric figure - Circle. Acquaintance of children with radius, diameter, compass.

Game-lesson: the formation of elementary mathematical representations based on the fairy tale by V. Suteev "Under the Mushroom".

Subject: Journey through the island of mathematics in search of the Golden Key. Integration of educational areas: cognitive

Purpose: Development of cognitive activity. Tasks: Cognitive development: - Formation of the ability to recreate an object of complex shape,

Program content: fix direct and reverse counting within 20, in the ability to distinguish

Author's summary of GCD on parts of the day for preschool children in kindergarten and teaching counting to 5 (formation of elementary mathematical representations) "We learn by playing." Lesson for children of the middle group.

Methodological development of GCD on FEMP on the topic: "Winter Journey to the Mathematical Kingdom" in senior

Summary of GCD on FEMP in the 2nd junior group using Gyenesh blocks and sticks

Summary of GCD in mathematics for children of senior preschool age “Spring is coming red ...” (show for parents).

Dudina Nadezhda Alexandrovna educator of the first qualification category GBOU secondary school No. 9 structural unit "Children's

Name: Lecture notes, GCD / mathematics "In Search of Treasures" Nomination: Kindergarten, Abstracts

GCD summary in the middle group in mathematics (FEMP) "Visiting Dunno" Goal

Summary of direct educational activities in FEMP in the preparatory group for school Portal 2011

All rights to any materials published on the site are protected in accordance with Russian and international intellectual property laws.

Reprinting of materials and their use in any form, including in electronic media, is possible only with the written permission of the site administration. At the same time, a link to the site portal2011.com is required.

0004 Mathematics education at the preschool educational institution.

Modern approaches to the formation of the foundations of the mathematical culture of preschoolers.

#### Mathematical material should be revealed during excursions, acquaintance with literary works and small forms of folklore, games with natural material (water, sand, beans, peas, cereals), through game exercises with sensory standards, household items, constructive and didactic games , in problem situations.

All these forms vary according to age.

#### And as a result of self-realization, the child will develop learning motivation. Thus, the priority tasks of continuous education of children will be solved.

The concept of mathematical education in the Russian Federation

#### The importance of mathematical education is evidenced by the adoption of the Concept for the Development of Mathematical Education in the Russian Federation (December 24, 2013 (No. 2506 - p)), which is a system of views on the basic principles, goals, tasks and main directions of development of mathematical education in the Russian Federation.

Goals of the Concept:
to bring Russian mathematical education to a leading position in the world.
Mathematics in Russia should become an advanced and attractive field of knowledge and activity, the acquisition of mathematical knowledge should be a conscious and internally motivated process

• #### Popularization of mathematical knowledge and mathematical education.

• Basic provisions for the implementation of the concept
Every citizen of Russia, regardless of age, has the right to free mathematical education, taking into account his professional orientation and individual intellectual needs. The system of mathematical education provides equal starting opportunities and takes into account the already achieved level at each stage.
Mathematics education is carried out in educational institutions of preschool, basic, vocational and additional education, higher educational institutions, in the family, in the form of self-education, as well as in the form of public educational associations. Responsibility for the results of mathematical education of a citizen of the Russian Federation is jointly borne by the state, parents and the citizen himself.
The main customer of mass general mathematical education is society. The state forms this order at all levels, based on the needs of industry and business, the country's research base, healthcare, public administration and education institutions, and provides support, including funding for this order.