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Dolch Sight Words List | Sight Words: Teach Your Child to Read

All the Dolch sight word lists, divided by grade, also available as printable PDFs.


Five techniques for teaching Dolch sight words. Learn proven ways to introduce words, reinforce learning, and correct mistakes.


Print a set of Dolch sight word flash cards, or use our generator to create your own custom cards.


Print cards and game boards for 18 Dolch sight word games. A fun way to reinforce sight words lessons!


The Dolch Sight Words list is the most commonly used set of sight words. Educator Dr. Edward William Dolch developed the list in the 1930s-40s by studying the most frequently occurring words in children’s books of that era. The list contains 220 “service words” plus 95 high-frequency nouns. These words comprise 80% of the words you would find in a typical children’s book and 50% of the words found in writing for adults. Once a child knows this list of words, it makes reading much easier, because the child can then focus his or her attention on the remaining words.

The Dolch words are commonly divided into groups by grade level, ranging from pre-kindergarten to third grade, with a separate list of nouns. There are a total of 315 Dolch Sight Words.

  • Pre-K Dolch Sight Words
    (40 words)

    a, and, away, big, blue, can, come, down, find, for, funny, go, help, here, I, in, is, it, jump, little, look, make, me, my, not, one, play, red, run, said, see, the, three, to, two, up, we, where, yellow, you

  • Kindergarten Dolch Sight Words
    (52 words)

    all, am, are, at, ate, be, black, brown, but, came, did, do, eat, four, get, good, have, he, into, like, must, new, no, now, on, our, out, please, pretty, ran, ride, saw, say, she, so, soon, that, there, they, this, too, under, want, was, well, went, what, white, who, will, with, yes

  • First Grade Dolch Sight Words
    (41 words)

    after, again, an, any, as, ask, by, could, every, fly, from, give, going, had, has, her, him, his, how, just, know, let, live, may, of, old, once, open, over, put, round, some, stop, take, thank, them, then, think, walk, were, when

  • Second Grade Dolch Sight Words
    (46 words)

    always, around, because, been, before, best, both, buy, call, cold, does, don’t, fast, first, five, found, gave, goes, green, its, made, many, off, or, pull, read, right, sing, sit, sleep, tell, their, these, those, upon, us, use, very, wash, which, why, wish, work, would, write, your

  • Third Grade Dolch Sight Words
    (41 words)

    about, better, bring, carry, clean, cut, done, draw, drink, eight, fall, far, full, got, grow, hold, hot, hurt, if, keep, kind, laugh, light, long, much, myself, never, only, own, pick, seven, shall, show, six, small, start, ten, today, together, try, warm

  • Noun Dolch Sight Words
    (95 words)

    apple, baby, back, ball, bear, bed, bell, bird, birthday, boat, box, boy, bread, brother, cake, car, cat, chair, chicken, children, Christmas, coat, corn, cow, day, dog, doll, door, duck, egg, eye, farm, farmer, father, feet, fire, fish, floor, flower, game, garden, girl, goodbye, grass, ground, hand, head, hill, home, horse, house, kitty, leg, letter, man, men, milk, money, morning, mother, name, nest, night, paper, party, picture, pig, rabbit, rain, ring, robin, Santa Claus, school, seed, sheep, shoe, sister, snow, song, squirrel, stick, street, sun, table, thing, time, top, toy, tree, watch, water, way, wind, window, wood

  • All Dolch Sight Words by group
  • All Dolch Sight Words in alphabetical order

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Sight Words - Free Interactive Videos • Engaging Sight Word Practice

Did you know that about 75% of what we read is comprised of sight words? These free interactive sight word videos will aid in building this all-important reading foundation.   It is imperative that kids master reading sight words with automaticity.  There are tons of interactive educational videos to aid with teaching these all-important sight words.  It is imperative that students commit these words to memory.  The quicker they can recall these words when reading the more effortless reading becomes.  Giving kids a list of words to recite over and over is just not the best way to get these tricky words to stick.  However, add movement and music and something magical begins to happen! 

Why are music and movement are important?

Ever notice that even as adults how quickly we can recall the lyrics of a song, including songs from our youth?  Think about how quick children are to memorize fingerplays, chants, and rhymes. The use of a little music and movement makes these far more memorable! This same thing occurs for children when learning nearly anything.  Just some simple movement and music act like educational glue for young learners.  Below are a few of the more popular free videos for teaching sight words.  

Jack Hartmann Kids Music Channel

Jack Hartman has free interactive videos for teaching sight words and so much more!  His collection of ‘Jump Out Words videos is great for adding movement while teaching sight words.  There are 4 different videos or volumes for teaching 4 different sets of sight words.  Kids do various movements like, roll their arms or twist, as they say, spell, say the words along with Jack throughout the videos.  The movement switches up throughout the video.

Volume 1 Jump out Word

Jack Hartmann’s Sight Word Rap collection is another fun and free way to practice sight words. The first time through students will spell and say the word with Jack. The second time they spell the word with Jack and then they say the word independently. The third time students will spell and say the word independently and then say the sight word three times for practice.  Kids love the funky beats, and the opportunity to use silly voices while learning sight words with these free educational videos.

Sight Word Rap Volume 1

Have Fun Teaching also has some great free interactive music videos for teaching sight words. The catchy tunes paired with these videos make learning sight words entertaining! Have Fun Teaching presents sight words in a variety of ways to help keep kids from getting bored and extend their learning along the way! They have videos for individual sight words, videos with multiple sight words, and sight words used in sentences.

Primer Sight Word List – Includes all Primer Sight Words – The Videos Show the word, Spell the word,  then follows up by using it in a sentence all to catchy music.

Sight Word Video – Come

The individual sight word videos each repeat the word with fun music, then spell it repeatedly, and finally display and use it in a sentence. All with a pause for kids to repeat it with the music.

Harry Kindergarten has exciting Hip Sight Word Songs and Videos for the K-2 Classroom.  He is a full-time Kindergarten teacher who knows how important Sight Words are for beginning readers.   He is aware of what is required to entertain while teaching such eager minds and active bodies!

The Sight Word Song (Version 1)

Reading Robot

These energetic videos include a fun little mouse sidekick to cheer the kids on to fun music as they listen, repeat, and read the sight words.  After a brief practice of several words, the words appear in a big speech bubble for kids to attempt to read on their own.  ELF has 4 videos that include 25 sight words per video.  I have added a small stuffed mouse as a mascot in my classroom to use with the videos. The kids get excited when ‘he’ comes out to ‘practice’ those important words!

25 Sight Words for Kindergarten #1

These interactive sight word videos have a fun surprise built right into them! Students repeat the displayed sight words. Then, after so many sight words there’s a ‘surprise’! The word ‘dance’ pops up, and fun dance music plays so the kids can freestyle dance until the next word is displayed.  A fun brain break is already included within this groovy sight word practice. Sight words are provided for grades Pre-K through First Grade.  They also have a similarly styled video set that matches the Fry Sight Word Lists. 

Kindergarten Sight Word Video

First Grade Sight Word Video

Want to add more consistent movement to your daily learning activities with the click of a mouse? Check out my Fluency & Fitness+ Program. It is a fun innovation of combining fluency practice with movement, the kiddos just love the surprising brain breaks within each ‘video’. It is an online subscription service that includes engaging videos with brain breaks already embedded! Fluency&Fitness+ includes task cards and another interactive piece called Fluency Find It! Students watch the slides and use a form, that is provided, to either ‘find’ the answer or to kick it up a level, write the answer. These activities are great for grades Pre-K through Second. They can easily be used for a refresher in Third Grade as well. Although the Fluency & Fitness+ membership is a paid program, you can sign up below to try a few videos for FREE!

Introductory words in Russian - table, types and examples

What are introductory words

Let's start, as always, with a definition - let's figure out what words are called introductory and why they are needed. Schoolchildren face them starting from the 5th grade, although they study in detail only in the 8th grade. This is not a difficult topic if you have a good visual memory - there are very few rules regarding introductory words in Russian, and you just have to remember some things.

Introductory words are sentence units that do not carry a separate semantic load, but enhance the speaker's emotional assessment, confidence or doubt. They can also indicate the sequence of events, attract attention, etc.

There are several types of introductory words, but they all have the following features:

  • are distinguished in the text by commas, brackets or dashes;
  • do not have grammatical connections with other members of the sentence;
  • can be omitted from the text without loss of meaning.


Introductory words are not part of the sentence. They should be distinguished from exactly the same words that act as circumstances, definitions or additions. The difference is that the introductory construction cannot be questioned.

Let's consider an example:

  • Sasha did come, though , he was half an hour late.
  • Sasha confirmed that everything written is pure true .

So, we have the word "truth", which in the first sentence acts as an introductory one, since it cannot be questioned. In the second sentence, it is also a predicate. We can pose the question: “what is written is what?”.

  • I, right , will not get home soon.
  • The whole class is correct solved this problem.

As you can see, in the second sentence, you can put the question “how?” to “correctly”. Therefore, this word is not introductory.

The same rules apply to compound introductory words. They, too, can disguise themselves as different members of a sentence, and it is important to learn to recognize them.


  • He woke up every morning with joyful anticipation, in one word , he was happy. - With a single word you cannot convince anyone, actions are needed.
  • Sea air and plenty of sun, without any doubt help to quickly recover from illness. - Misha dreamed of the sky since childhood, and therefore , without any doubt, chose the flight school.

Another way to distinguish introductory words is to remove them altogether and see if the sentence loses its meaning. Let's try to do this on one of our examples:

  • Sasha did come, however, he was half an hour late.
  • Sasha confirmed that everything written is true.

It is clear that in the first case the meaning remained the same, but in the second it was lost. This confirms that in the first sentence we are dealing with an introductory word.

Signs of introductory words: table for grade 5

Grammatically, introductory words can be any part of speech and even a short sentence:

  • noun - without a doubt, true ;
  • adjective - at least, is to blame;
  • verb - I hope, I suppose ;
  • adverb - undoubtedly, certainly ;
  • gerund - frankly ;
  • phrase - if you want to know, according to experts ;
  • impersonal sentence - seemed to me, as I see it .

Examples of the use of introductory words:

  • Pacific Ocean, no doubt , the largest on the planet.
  • Frankly speaking , I could not convince him that I was right, and I did not try.
  • This role, as I see it , will be best played by Masha.
  • — Will you be expected by eight in the morning?
    - Of course !

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Discharges of introductory words by value

As we have already said, introductory words can perform a variety of functions in oral and written speech. Some of them emphasize the position of the speaker - his confidence, surprise, regret, etc. Others point to the next action or event, the logic of the story or the source of information. The third ones are only needed to attract attention. Let's figure out what the introductory words of different types mean, and at the end we will summarize using a table with examples.

Different degrees of certainty, assumption and assumption

This is the most common category of introductory words that we refer to daily. The main function of this category is to emphasize confidence or uncertainty in any information, so it is very important.

Examples: certainly, certainly, of course, of course, suppose, probably, perhaps, maybe .

If such an introductory word is removed, the sentence will not lose its meaning, but its meaning will still become slightly different.


  • Maybe I'll call on you tonight.
  • I will visit you tonight.

In the first case, uncertainty remains, while in the second, the proposal sounds positive.

If we talk about introductory words that express confidence, this difference is less noticeable. With them, the statement becomes more categorical, but does not acquire other shades of meaning.

  • The task will be difficult, but you, of course , can do it!
  • Certainly is the shortest road to the city center.
  • This deal, no doubt , launched his successful career.

Do not confuse with members of the sentence:

I believed his words (how?) definitely and without the slightest doubt.

Next, we will consider how the introductory words are indicated, but for now we remind you: if you can put a question to the word, it is a member of the sentence and is not separated by commas.

Emotions, feelings and assessment of what is happening

Using this category of introductory words, the speaker expresses his attitude to events, gives an assessment. Such words can denote joy, delight, grief, horror, a sense of shame, fear, etc.

Examples: to everyone's joy, to horror, to my delight, unfortunately, unfortunately, the hour is uneven, that's it.

They are characteristic of direct speech, as they reflect the emotions and feelings of the speaker.

  • Sorry, , I will not be able to personally meet you at the station.
  • Time, surprisingly , flew by very quickly - I did not have time to get bored.

In fiction, these same introductory words can also be used to tell about the feelings of the hero or his attitude to events.

  • Katya, to her shame , did not know the meaning of this word and did not understand what it was about.
  • The artist went for an encore and, to the delight of the audience sang all the hits.

Do not confuse with members of the sentence:

(What for?) The delight of the audience was mixed with a share of disappointment that the favorite hit was never heard.

Ordinary, ordinariness of what is happening

Quite a small category of introductory words, in which the majority are colloquial expressions. They not only allow you to point out the ordinary nature of events, but also enliven the text, give it color.

Examples: happened, as usual, happened, as a rule, as usual, as usual, as always .

  • Grandfather Semyon opened the gate and, according to the old custom , leaned towards the shaggy Beetle.
  • After a walk in the park, we, as usual , went for a cup of tea in a cafe.

Do not confuse with members of the proposal:

Not accepting the church reform, the community continued to live (how?) old custom .

Introductory words indicating the source of the message

The main purpose of introductory words of this type is to indicate authorship, refer to the source of information or give the statement some kind of authority. They are typical for news reports, reviews, articles in the media and are part of the journalistic style, although they are used not only within its framework.

Examples: according to experts, according to scientists, according to the prime minister, according to a correspondent, in my opinion .

  • About 97% of all water on our planet, according to scientists , is contained in the oceans.
  • According to Deputy Prime Minister , economic growth will continue next year.

In addition, such introductory words help convey direct speech without resorting to exact quotation.

  • Ivan Ivanovich said: "Our plant overfulfilled the plan by 5% last quarter."
  • According to Ivan Ivanovich , the plant overfulfilled the plan in the last quarter by 5%.

Do not confuse with members of the proposal:

Do not draw far-reaching conclusions (for what?) according to experts , the situation may still change.

Connection of thoughts and sequence of presentation

This type of introductory words indicates the internal logic of the sentence, sequence or any other connection between events. It is especially often used in textbooks and scientific materials, since it makes it possible to streamline the text, build a causal chain.

Examples: therefore, firstly, secondly, respectively, therefore, on the one hand, first of all, in addition, finally .

  • These triangles have a common hypotenuse, hence , they are equal.
  • On the one hand, Dasha liked living in France, but on the other hand, she still missed home.

Do not confuse with members of the sentence:

The sheet of paper was painted only (where?) on one side and the other side remained blank.

Notes on the style of speech, way of expressing thought

Introductory words from this category are usually used to point out the features of the presentation or to reformulate the idea. Like the previous view, sometimes they can precede a certain conclusion, but do not directly indicate the connection of events, but rather help express the same idea through other facts or in a different style.

Examples: in other words, to put it mildly, to put it more precisely, if I may say so, in short, in a word.

  • The children started to get bored and look at their phones, in other words , the movie was not very interesting.
  • This, if I may say , is not jasper at all - the stone heats up too quickly in the hands.

Do not confuse with members of the sentence:

(What?) In other words, can be wounded no worse than with a dagger.

Introductory words that attract the interlocutor's attention

Marker words with which you can draw the listener's attention to one or another part of the statement, emphasize the main idea. Very often they are at the beginning of a sentence, but they can also occur in the middle, but at the end they are extremely rare.

Examples: listen, imagine, emphasize, believe it, see, notice what is essential, what is even more important .

  • Note , no one left the classroom, although the teacher was already half an hour late.
  • At this meeting, we were able to sum up the results and, which is significant , outline a plan for the next year.

Do not confuse with members of the proposal:

Marina always collected her briefcase in the evening, which (how?) significantly saved her time in the morning.

Of course, it is almost impossible to list all the introductory words that are, but we have compiled a short cheat sheet - a table with examples of sentences.

Value Introductory words Examples
Degree of certainty, assumptions, assumptions Undoubtedly, unequivocally, it may happen, of course, of course, perhaps, perhaps, perhaps, etc.

Possibly , our department will join this project next month.

Katya, of course , the best student in the class.

Emotions, feelings and assessment of what is happening Fortunately, to my surprise, to my shame, unfortunately, the hour is uneven, to joy, unfortunately, God forbid, thank the gods, etc.

The weather has deteriorated and, the hour is uneven , it will also rain in our city.

Masha quickly found an error in the problem and, fortunately , managed to correct it.

Information source designation According to scientists, according to the press, they say, according to experts, in my opinion, in your opinion, etc.

This summer, they say there will be many berries in the forest.

According to scientists , green tea has a positive effect on the nervous system.

Indicating the sequence of events or thoughts Firstly, therefore, therefore, on the contrary, finally, in particular, in the first place, thus, etc.

Katya dreamed of a trip, and Dasha, opposite , would like to stay at home.

Winter will be harsh, therefore , you need to think about warming the house.

Drawing attention to all or part of a proposal Do you understand, do you know, look, listen, confess, if you want to know, do me a favor, etc.

Listen to , if he did it, then he had a good reason.

We waited for him all evening, and he, you see , simply forgot about the meeting.

Indication of the commonness of an event or subject of conversation It happened, usually, it happened, as always, as a rule, as usual, etc.

I came to work, as usual , at eight in the morning.

It used to be , Ivan was late for the last bus and walked.

Remarks on the style and nature of speech, the way of expressing thoughts To put it mildly, to put it bluntly, in a word, to put it roughly, in other words, to say more precisely what is called, etc.

Your act, to put it mildly , looks tactless and offends those around you.

We live in a village near Tula, or rather , in the suburbs.

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Punctuation marks for introductory words

All introductory words in Russian are distinguished by punctuation marks, which is clearly seen in the examples from our table. In this they differ from the same words that act as members of a sentence and answer a certain question. In addition to the question, there is another way to understand whether it is necessary to put commas or other punctuation marks - try to move the word (phrase) to another part of the sentence.

  • As a rule Ivan eats oatmeal for breakfast.
  • Ivan, usually , eats oatmeal for breakfast.
  • Ivan eats oatmeal for breakfast, usually .

The meaning of the statement has not changed, the construction looks good in any part of the sentence. This means that these are introductory words and they are separated by commas.

Surprisingly, usually can be so confusing and difficult to understand.

In this case, the phrase "usually" has a strong syntactic relationship with other words in the sentence, it cannot be moved without losing its meaning. So it is not introductory. We can check this assumption by analyzing it by composition, and we will find out that the "rule" here is the subject.


If in a compound sentence with the union “and” both parts of it are preceded by one inserted word, it is not required to put a comma between these parts.

  • Apparently it's , the lesson hasn't started yet and the children were still making noise outside the door.
  • Luckily, , the rain had already stopped and I didn't get wet at all on the way home.
  • Yesterday I saw this document, hence , it was lying on the table and Nikolai could not pick it up.

How else is an introductory word distinguished in a sentence, apart from commas? Sometimes you can put a dash in front of it, but this refers more to the author's punctuation, which is needed to create a special rhythm of the text or convey intonation.

  • I realized that I forgot my passport and I was very scared - the hour is uneven , I will have to turn back.
  • Sergey was annoyed - you see , he expected to get a promotion this month.

Introductory words and insertive constructions

Insertive constructions and insertive sentences differ from introductory words in that they are an autonomous part of a sentence and contain a complete thought. They can act as incidental remarks, indications, author's explanations in relation to the main sentence, and sometimes even have a weak syntactic connection with it.

To make it clearer how the introductory words and plug-in constructions differ, we have compiled a small table.

Introductory words Inserts
July, they say will be warm and sunny. July, I think will be warm and sunny.
Alexey, of course already knew how to properly saddle a horse. Aleksey, we were confident in this , he already knew how to properly saddle a horse.
The ring lay in a conspicuous place and, certainly , attracted attention. The ring lay in a conspicuous place, and - as the reader has already guessed - attracted attention.

It is easy to see that insert constructions, unlike introductory words, have their own subject and predicate. Very often they can be issued as a separate proposal.

Short insertions may be separated by commas, while longer ones are often separated by parentheses or dashes. However, it depends not so much on the length of the structure, but on the author's intention. Putting a dash or bracket instead of a comma in most cases will not be a mistake.

  • Several guys - there were about a dozen - turned off the path to eat raspberries.
  • An old tram rumbled along the street ( such trams have long been discontinued ) and slowly disappeared around the corner.
  • Once — Kolya and Vitya remembered this day for a long time. — dad took the whole family fishing in the neighboring region.

Usually, when choosing between commas, brackets and dashes, they are guided by the following: if an interstitial construction has little or no syntactic links with the sentence, it is better to enclose it in brackets.

Sometimes an interstitial sentence ends with an exclamation mark or a question mark to enhance expression. In this case, it can be distinguished exclusively by brackets or a dash.

Last spring - it was a real miracle! - the old apple tree is suddenly covered with flowers again.


If an insertion ends with an exclamation mark or a question mark, then the sentence must be continued with a lowercase letter.

Interestingly, introductory words can sometimes be distinguished in the same way. As a rule, this is found in fiction and is one of the ways to emphasize emotions, express the feelings of the author or character.

  • Katya carefully entered the dark room and — oh horror! - I noticed how the curtain swayed slightly by itself.
  • And soon ( wonderful thing! ) Petya fell in love with mathematics so much that he solved all the problems for the next quarter.

Here we are dealing with introductory words that could be separated by commas, but in order to enhance the emotional coloring of the text, they are presented in the form of interstitial sentences with an exclamation mark. They can equally well be separated by brackets or dashes.

So we have dealt with such an extensive topic as introductory words in Russian, and in order to consolidate knowledge, we recommend that you finally go over the tables and lists with your eyes.

20 words that even literate people spell incorrectly

January 30, 2021Education

A new portion of literacy with life hacks that will help you remember all the difficult cases.



1. Offhand

Wrong: offhand.

It incites to split the word into two parts, but this is a mistake. It answers the question "How?" and is an adverb, therefore it is written together. But it is easier to remember by synonyms that cannot be written separately: approximately, arbitrarily.

2. Subscription

Wrong: subscription.

For some reason here and there they offer to buy a "subscription". Indeed, the ill-fated “and” is heard in the word. There is no way to check the spelling, because the lexeme is a dictionary one. But you can remember if you pick up a paronym-rhyme with the letter "e" - the subscriber. In both cases, the letter "and" is not the place.

3. Next

Wrong: next.

The difficulty arises because the letter “u” is not heard in oral speech. In order not to make a mistake, just say to yourself: “I am following and , which means I am following and .”

4. Future

Wrong: future.

By the same principle as above, it is easy to remember the spelling of this word: "I will be - hence the future."

5. Cardinal

Wrong: cardinal, coordinate.

Whatever variants of this word the Internet has seen, even with a double “o” at the beginning. But once and for all remember how it is spelled, the "Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language" by Max Fasmer will help. "Cardinal" comes from "Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language" by Max Fasmer - Cardinal from the Latin word cardinalis, which means "chief". The letter "a" is written in both cases.

6. Boycott

Wrong: boycott.

The letter “o” in this word is not perceived by ear, hence all the problems. You can understand why it is still written differently from its origin. We borrowed "Dictionary of Foreign Words of the Russian Language" - Boycott is a word from the English language, which it entered thanks to the Irish estate manager Charles Boycott (Charles Cunningham Boycott). He was too demanding, and in 1880 the land tenants refused to pay him, declaring a boycott. The man received an unflattering fame, and we - the letter "o" in this word.

7. Grand Prix

Wrong: Grand Prix, Grand Prix, Grand Prix.

For those who know French, the hyphen may seem superfluous here. And even the unnecessary "d" strives to get in the way. Because in the original it looks like this: grand prix. But in this case, the borrowed word has two roots: -Grand- and -at-. In a foreign language, each of them can exist independently; in the Russian Grand Prix, it is a compound word. Because it is composed of two roots, and a hyphen is necessary between them.

8. Linoleum

Wrong: lenolium, linoleum, linoleum.

Poor floor covering seems to have suffered from writing since its inception. Unfortunately, there is no way to check the spelling. But let's turn to the original composition of linoleum, it lies in the name itself. From the Latin linum is translated as "flax", and oleum - "oil". By combining these two words, we get the only correct spelling.

9. Low visibility

Incorrect: hardly noticeable.

I really want to break the word into two parts, and this is even understandable: there are two roots - -small- and -notice-. But then the question arises where the letter “o” came from. Everything is very simple: it is an interfix and just connects two roots, making the word complex. Therefore, we will write it together, like other compound adjectives.

10. Quintessence

Wrong: quintessence, quintessence.

Sometimes you really want to show off your knowledge and use a smart word, but it's easy to get the opposite effect in writing. However, as soon as we break the lexeme into two parts, everything falls into place. From Latin quinta essentia is translated Ecyclopedia of Brockhaus and Efron - Quintessence as "the fifth essence". The word "essence" is also probably familiar to you, and the "e" at the beginning is perfectly heard. Only now the doubled “s” will have to be remembered, there is no way to check it.

11. Peripherals

Wrong: periphery.

The Russian prefix re- just asks to appear in this word, but in fact -periphery- is the root. The history of its occurrence will help us not to make a mistake. Occurs "Dictionary of foreign words of the Russian language" - Periphery is a word from the Greek periphereia - a circle, where per i means "around".

12. History

Wrong: history.

There is a simple rule in Russian. If the prefix ends with a consonant, and the word begins with "i", then "s" is placed between them. An example in which this is clearly heard is "under y skat”, but “by and skat”.

13. Manager

Wrong: manager.

And again, the insidious letter "u" is lost during pronunciation. But we find it in the same easy way as above: "I will start and - then I will start and sch."

14. Cholesterol

Wrong: cholesterol.

As with most words that are not native to our language, there are difficulties with it. Cholesterol "Dictionary of Foreign Words of the Russian Language" - Cholesterol is a special fatty substance found in bile. The origin of the word is Greek, and chol e just means "bile". In Russian, -hole- is one of the roots.

15. Incident

Wrong: incident.

This Russified foreign word is entirely the root. It is vocabulary and must be memorized. But etymology comes to our rescue again. The word happened "Big Encyclopedic Dictionary" - Incident from the Latin inc i dentis - happening. In both cases, we write "and".

16. Ingredient

Wrong: ingredient, ingredient.

A complex borrowed dictionary word, which is also a whole root. With an "e" at the beginning, errors are rare, but they do occur. The main difficulty lies in the middle. To write correctly, we turn again to the Latin language. Ingredi in translation means "Dictionary of foreign words of the Russian language" - Ingredient "to enter". Therefore, an ingredient is a component of something, that is, a part of it.

17. Cacophony

Wrong: cocophony.

You have experienced this phenomenon many times when a neighbor's child was learning to play the piano or someone was doing renovations nearby. But not many people know how to write a word correctly. To remember why “a” is written, the Greek language will help us. It includes "Dictionary of Foreign Words of the Russian Language" - Cacophony of the word kakos, in translation - bad, bad. In principle, it is true - the pleasant sounds of kakos will not be called.

18. Canape

Wrong: canape.

This French word - canapé - means "Encyclopedic Dictionary" - Canape is not only a small sandwich, but also a wide chair or sofa. How furniture became small sandwiches - history is silent. But it is known that a mistake is often made in the word.

19. Excessive

Wrong: excessive.

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