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    Our Junior High School community created and committed to the following Mission Statement: 

    Homer Junior High School strives to provide a rigorous academic experience while developing thoughtful, resilient, open-minded and independent young people with the desire and lifelong skills to contribute positively to their communities.  

    I believe that attaining this goal is only possible when we, school and home, work together to support student growth and development. It is important that families ensure that children come to school ready to learn and that you promote learning and healthy habits at home.  As a school we will foster a safe, positive learning environment that supports and actively engages all children in learning.  Students, you should come to school with an open mind, positive attitude and ready to work hard each and every day. The learning and habits, our children form in Junior High will build the foundation for their success not only here in the Junior High, but in High School and beyond!  

    We are committed to supporting your children in any way that we can! 

    - Principal Kara Schneider

    P.O. Box 500
    58 Clinton Street
    Homer, NY 13077

    (607) 749-1230

    (607) 749-1238

    Mrs. Kara Schneider

    Mrs. Lisa Chisholm
    Main Office Secretary

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Instruction / Instruction

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  • Welcome to the Office of Instruction for the Homer Central School District. It is our primary job to support teachers and school leaders in the equitable education of ALL children in the district. 

    Homer Central School District offers a pre-kindergarten through grade 12 curriculum designed to promote the academic and personal development of all students. The District is proud to provide students with a strong academic program in core subjects, as well as offer AP and dual-enrollment (college) courses, and a variety of electives, such as art, music, technology, agriculture, and business.

    This office is responsible for the following PreK-12 programs:

    • Curriculum, Instruction and Assessment for all grade levels and departments
    • Professional Development for all faculty, staff and administration 
    • Instructional Coaching
    • Universal Prekindergarten
    • Instructional Technology
    • SchoolTool Parent Portal
    • English as a New Language
    • Teacher and Principal Evaluations 
    • Career and Technical Education State-Approved Pathways
    • School Improvement  - Accountability Metrics and Reporting
    • Equity - Planning, Professional Development and Reporting
    • Multi-tiered Systems of Support 
    • Academic Intervention Services
    • Response to Intervention

    This work is supported throughout the district by the Instructional Leadership Council whose membership includes administrators and teacher leaders from each grade level and department.  

    The four most important questions that we ask are:

    1. What do we want our students to know and be able to do?
    2. How do we know when each student has acquired the essential knowledge and skills?
    3. How will we respond when some students do not learn?
    4. How will we extend and enrich the learning for students who are already proficient?

    At Homer, our teachers work in instructional teams and are expected to collaboratively plan and deliver a guaranteed curriculum guided by these four questions. In September of 2020 we celebrated a major milestone by identifying the essential standards at each grade level and in each course. We are continuing our work developing common formative assessments and guiding instructional teams in using those assessments to ensure that every student achieves the essential standards through re-teaching, review, and interventions as necessary.

    If you have any questions about our instructional program or our curriculum procedures, please contact us. We value and appreciate student and parent feedback.

Vasilieva found the Iliad and the Odyssey too difficult for fifth-graders - RBC




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Studying Homer in the fifth grade is too early, said Education Minister Olga Vasilyeva. According to her, students have to explain every word

Olga Vasilyeva (Photo: Vladimir Astapkovich / RIA Novosti)

The poems of the ancient Greek poet Homer are too complicated for fifth-graders, says Education Minister Olga Vasilyeva. She expressed this opinion during a meeting with participants in the Russian Movement of Schoolchildren, RIA Novosti reports. nine0003

“I agree that the Iliad and the Odyssey are too early for the fifth grade. Every word needs to be explained there,” she said.

The study of excerpts from the Iliad and the Odyssey is provided for by the school curriculum in grades 5–6 or 7–8.



In particular, recommendations for studying Homer in grades 5-6 are provided by the educational and methodological complex on literature edited by Vera Korovina. And, for example, the educational and methodological complex in literature, edited by Tamara Kurdyumova, has a place for Homer in the program of the 7th-8th grades. nine0003

The Russian Movement of Schoolchildren is a public and state children's and youth organization that unites more than nine thousand schools.



The history of Artek

Often the ancient ages seem so distant to us that the reader, especially a young one, excludes them from the boundaries of his being. To feel the historical unity of mankind is a necessary result of school education. nine0003

How to achieve this? How to open to teenagers the living content of Homer's poems, which are now included in many school programs?

Research by A.V. Frolov, a teacher at the school of the Artek International Children's Center, helps to feel the living connection of times and create a mindset for reading the Odyssey. These rocks in the Gulf of Gurzuf, which are called Adalars, still delight the eye with the play of their colors, endless, like the colors of the sea.

The variability of their contours, sometimes merging together, sometimes receding from each other, really allows us to call them wandering rocks. Is it a coincidence or the real proximity of the ancient Greeks to the shores of Taurida - this is what A.V. Frolova. nine0003

Professor Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Education VG Marantsman This study is devoted to one of the many versions of the search for a way to return home the hero of the Trojan War, King Ithaca Odysseus.

More than 80 hypotheses suggest different routes of movement in the Mediterranean. In the work on each version, the main question arises: could the admiral of the flotilla, consisting of 12 ships, who made nine pirate campaigns, before the Trojan War, get lost in the sea routes of the European sea, well known to him, between numerous islands, near Ithaca? Not a single Greek would have believed in the presence of many fairy-tale characters accompanying the ten-year journey of Odysseus' return to his native Ithaca. If Odysseus knew that somewhere it is written that he got lost in the Mediterranean Sea, he would have picked up his famous bow and dealt with the offenders. International Children's Center "Artek" is located in the most beautiful amphitheater of the Southern coast of Crimea. Bright and gentle sun, bizarre mountains rising from the depths of the sea, the Black Sea, which holds many secrets. "Artek" is a place of rest for children from Russia, the CIS countries, children from many countries of the world, historically located at the crossroads of scientific disputes, putting forward various hypotheses. nine0003

Thousands of years ago, the main sea routes passed here, connecting the ancient and medieval cities of ancient Taurida with the countries of the Mediterranean.

The first written mention of the Gurzuf Bay dates back to the ancient period, when the first Greek trading posts appeared on the territory of South Coast Taurida.

The main transport artery, the sea, was the link between Olbia - Panticapaeum - Chersonese - island and mainland Greece.

In the ancient sailing direction of the Euxinus Pontus (as the Black Sea was called in ancient times), the Great Homer in the 12th song describes geographical objects and the hydrological situation, characterizing the area of ​​the "wandering" rocks of Adalara in the waters of the IBC "Artek". nine0003

Balaclava beginning of the 19th century

Homer "The Odyssey" (translated from ancient Greek by V.A. Zhukovsky).

Canto XI, 9-19.

... We sailed, our ship ran, obeying the helm and the wind,

The sails were full of guiding breath all day.
In the meantime, the sun has set, and all the roads have darkened.
Soon we came to the deep-flowing waters of the Ocean;
There the Cimmerians are a sad region...

The participants of the Trojan campaign had to overcome many dangers and difficulties. Their captain, the king of Ithaca, the hero of the ten-year Trojan War, the cunning Odysseus, carried away his comrades, obviously, with the fabulous riches of the unknown Pontus, the primary knowledge of which was communicated to the Greeks by the Argonauts. Odysseus and his flotilla, which consisted of twelve ships, were confident that their campaign, like the previous nine, in the Mediterranean would be successful. nine0003

... Before the armored tribe of the Achaeans went to Troy,
Nine times in a fast ship with a brave squad
I went against foreign people - and we had luck;
The best I took for myself from the booty, and also by lot
I got a lot for a part; having increased my wealth,
I became mighty and honorable. ..

The path to Pontus was opened in connection with the fall of Troy, because the ships of the Trojans were burned at the beginning of the war. nine0003

...Rushing through the waters day and night for six days, on the seventh
part of the path of the hero Odysseus. It is generally accepted that the Balaklava Bay (near Sevastopol) is described in the Odyssey under the name of the bay "Lestrigo-I is new - pirates." In this "multi-gate city" - the bay, Odysseus loses his friends -. Further advancement along the coast of Taurida is carried out on one ship. nine0003

One of the first scientists who questioned the theory of ancient and European researchers of Homer's Odyssey was a German scientist, professor, member of the Berlin Academy of Sciences, geographer, traveler Karl Ritter (1779-1859). He claimed that Homer was describing the Black Sea. And the tragedy with the flotilla of Odysseus occurred precisely in the Balaklava Bay of cannibalistic lestrigons. Tim Severin refuted the two-thousand-year-old theory of the passage of the Strait of Messina by Odysseus, putting forward his own, the Mediterranean one. nine0003

More than 80 hypotheses about the journey of the hero of the Trojan War, the king of Ithaca, Odysseus, are known in the world. In the work on each version, the main question arises: “Could the famous navigator, the king of Ithaca, the cunning Odysseus, get lost in the sea routes of the Mediterranean Sea, well known to him?” For a sailor, this statement would be an irreparable insult. It was rather difficult for Odysseus, who made nine pirate campaigns before the Trojan War, to get lost among the numerous islands of the Mediterranean Sea, since from one island you can see another, from another - the next, or even several islands that are in visual visibility. In the ninth song, Odysseus tells about himself:

... I am Odysseus, the son of Laertes, everywhere by the invention of many

Glorious tricks and loud rumors ascended to heaven.

I live in sunny Ithaca, Nerion is there, everywhere

Visible from the sea, raises the wooded peak; many

There are also other islands, not far from one another: and at the very

To the west lies Ithaca surrounded by the sea

(Others are closer to the limit where Eos and Helios rise) ...


Warship of ancient Greece and Rome. On the deck were slingers and archers. In the bow, below the waterline, there is an underwater ram. Length - 30 m. Width - 5 m. Speed ​​- 8 knots.

Before you see the cliffs standing in the sea; around them

The ripple of the azure-eyed Amphitrite is noisily agitated;

The name of those who wander is given to them by the gods...

The successful voyage of the Argo along the Iolk - Caucasus - Iolk route convinced Odysseus, after the end of the Trojan War, to lead his ancient squadron along the same route. However, the inhospitable coast of Taurida in the Balaklava Bay of "Lestrigons - Pirates" swallowed up 11 ships. The further journey along the Euxine Pontus continued on one ship. nine0003

If you pass by the sea past two rocks called Adalary, you can see that they are approaching, the distance between them is reduced, the far rock closes the one closer to the shore. If the ship continues to move further east, the rocks again diverge. They seem to be wandering. The Homeric name "wanderers" is very suitable here.

After visiting the kingdom of Hades, "Quickly cutting the stream of the Ocean with his ship." Odysseus returns to the island of Eyu, where the sorceress Circe, the daughter of Helios and Persians, lives. The goddess Circe indicates the further route of the ship. Not Between Rocks:

... You will pass by it with a ship, Odysseus the many-glorious;

Even a strong shooter will not reach a direction from the sea

A fast-flying arrow to the entrance of a high cave;

Terrible Skilla lives there from time immemorial, barking incessantly,

With a shrill screech, like a squeal of a young puppy, similar to. .. the roar and shower of spray reported by Homer and Apollodorus. nine0003

Pushkin Grotto, mid-19th century

Pushkin grotto. In November 1969, the stone column was destroyed by the strongest storm from the south, which is called the "hunchback".

Lithograph by C. Bossoli 1856

A special population of rock pigeons has found refuge in the Pushkin grotto (cave). Being at any point, except for the direction of the cave, and watching the flights of pigeons in the Adalar region, you can see that, making stops on nearby rocks, rising to the wing and going into flight, the pigeons disappear without a trace, as if crashing against the cliff. In fact, they fly into the cave and sit on the ledges and ledges of its vault. nine0003

They are attracted by a peculiar microclimate. In summer - softened, due to the lack of sunlight in the summer heat, in winter - a warm grotto, the "heating system" of which is a huge heat condenser - the Black Sea. In the grotto-cave, they hatch chicks, gather for the night and leave their shelter, only going to feed and drink.

..Shy pigeons carrying light flight; every
Once one of them disappears there, killing himself against a cliff; nine0017 Each time Zeus replaces the dead with a new one...

Only Homer could accurately and briefly describe Chaliapin's rock, on which the outstanding Russian singer dreamed of building the Castle of Arts.

...There will not ascend and henceforth
not a single one will descend

A mortal, even if he had twenty
hands and twenty

Legs - so terribly,
as if hewn, smooth . ..

. ..Close up you will see another rock, Odysseus the many-glorious;

Below it is a bow shot from the first one...

Odysseus led his ship past the cave. “Close” is the rock closest to the shore, 36 m high, the farthest 48 meters. Between the rocks, you can make an aimed shot from a bow. The distance between them is 40 cubits, which corresponds to the text of Homer. nine0003

Obviously, in this text we are talking about Mount Ayu-Dag, it is a “stone barometer” of the microclimate of the Gurzuf amphitheater. The mountain really resembles, especially from the sea, a huge rock “to the wide sky”. In the autumn-winter period and in spring, its “sharp” peak is often covered by clouds. The next one is probably Castell.

. ..After you will meet two rocks: up to the wide sky

One rises with a sharp peak, clouds surround

Darkly condensed to that height, never thinning.

There is never light in summer or autumn...

The death of an ancient ship. Drawing by E. Voishvillo.

.. All ships approaching those rocks perished with swimmers;
Only boards and soulless corpses remained from them...

In July-August 1996, I managed to invite the scientific and educational center of underwater archeology of Kyiv University. Taras Shevchenko. The expedition was led by Sergei Zelenko, a researcher at the Department of Archeology and Museum Studies of the Faculty of History, a leading underwater archaeologist of Ukraine. The scientific consultant was Elena Parshina, a researcher at the Institute of Archeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. nine0003

The leader of the expedition gave me the opportunity to work with the report, which states that archaeological material was found near the rocks of Adalara, which indicates numerous shipwrecks. Found 14 types of amphoras of ancient and medieval periods. Many different historical sources record the sites of ancient shipwrecks. In recent years, a unique find has been discovered: a stone-wooden plate-shaped anchor of a trapezoid shape with three holes. This type of anchor was common in the Eastern Mediterranean at the beginning of the 20th-4th centuries. BC. Considerable controversy has arisen regarding the dating of this anchor. Some researchers date it to the 30th century. BC, others VIII century. BC. (A.V. Okorokov. “Ship anchors”, M., 1986, 12-13).

These finds confirm that the interest of ancient Greece in the coast of the Northern Black Sea region was actively manifested after the ten-year Trojan War, the victory in which provided free passage for Greek ships to Pontus through the Dardanelles and Bosporus.

Stone anchor dates back to the 2nd millennium BC. er, a well-worked stone of a trapezoid shape with correctly defined edges and three holes. The holes form an isosceles triangle and are placed in the same plane. Two holes are located in the lower, wider part of the stone along the axis parallel to the base of the trapezoid. The third hole of a larger diameter - in the very top of the stone - in the middle. The top hole was intended for tying the anchor rope. In the two lower symmetrically located holes, pointed stakes with a rope binding, made of dense wood, protruding from both sides, were hammered. nine0003


Here are parts of ancient anchors with lead-tin rods.

The stem is removable, the hole is not in the middle of the stem, but is shifted slightly to the side. At the same time, a transverse roller is provided in the middle of the rod, designed for precise balanced fastening. Dated to the 6th - 2nd centuries. BC e.

Fixed stem, one piece. There is a jumper in the central part of the stem. Dated III - I centuries. BC e. nine0003

Wood-lead anchor. Serves for attaching the horns of the anchor to the spindle. It is a lead frame - a bridge that not only fastens, but also gives additional weight to the lower part of the anchor. Dated to the 1st century BC. e.

Dioclerian (234-305) billon - tetradrachm of Alexandria (Egypt) 5th year of reign (233 BC)

Byzantine gold coin IX century

The author and his son Igor are preparing for the next dive. Rocks of Adalara. July 1989

V c. n. e.

7th century n. e.

Byzantine amphora, 9th century

Medieval amphora

Antique amphorae

Taking advantage of the fact that the ships in Pontus sailed in coastal navigation, clinging to the rocks, the most ancient tribes of the Crimea - the Taurus, carried out pirate attacks. nine0003

The safety of the ship's cargo was very important to the crew, which, in turn, made every passage along the Pontus Euxine fraught with danger for the ancient sailors. Stormy conditions and overnight stays forced the ships to shelter in the bay or anchor.

The area of ​​the South Coast was considered very dangerous, due to the special attention to the ship cargo of pirates - Taurus. This statement corresponds to the messages of the father of history Herodotus, Ovid, Strabo and other authors. It is confirmed by the successes of modern archeology. nine0003

The Gurzuf saddle in ancient times was one of the places that allowed the tribes of South Coast Taurida to communicate with the peoples inhabiting the steppe Crimea. Archaeologists of the city of Yalta, the spouses Natalya and Viktor Novichenkov, have identified a unique cult center that arose in the Stone Age. Research continued for ten years. According to archaeologists, special ritual activity and the arrival of objects of significant value are associated with the ancient era.

Sensational discoveries of ancient numismatics took place in this sanctuary: among them are the tetradrachms of the great Mithridates VI Eupator, the drachma of Polemon of Pontus, the gold aureuses of the Roman emperors - Tiberius, Claudius, Nero, Otho, Trojan, Vitellius, Vespasian, the cystophores of Mark Antony and Augustus, coins of Bithynia , Cappadocia, Dionisopolis, Chios, Amnis. Gold staters of Chersonesus, Byzantium, Callatis, portraits of the rulers of the Bosporan dynasty, minted in gold (this is Queen Dynamia 21/20 BC, kings Aspurg, Asander, Mithridates VIII.)

Of particular value are masterpieces of ancient art: silver and bronze figurines of Zeus, Poseidon, Apollo, Hermes, Isis, Ares, Cybele, Artemis. On the Gurzuf saddle, archaeologists found medical instruments that belonged to an ancient doctor. Similar tools were found in Pompeii, which died in 79 during the eruption of Vesuvius. Of the exhibits that are not in any museum in the world, archaeologists have found a Roman shield "scutum".

Analyzing the reports of ancient authors, the toponymy of the Gurzuf amphitheater, numerous finds of ancient imports from the Mediterranean countries on the Tauride Olympus, it is necessary to answer the question: “How, from where and who ensured the delivery of numerous, unique items intended for the sacrament of sacrifice?” The emergence of the centers of ancient civilization in the Crimea - Panticapaeum, Feodosia, Chersonesus forced the Taurians to leave the pirate harbors of Afineon (Novosvetskaya Bay), Syumbolon - limne (bay of symbols, omens) - Balaklava. Neighborhood with ancient Greek city-states ruled out the possibility of piracy attacks on Greek, later Roman military and merchant ships. nine0003

The cult center of the Taurians was also forced to move to the area of ​​the Ayu-Dag massif. An extensive late Taurus settlement in the Osman tract, located on the southwestern slope of the mountain, archaeologists date back to the 4th century BC. BC. IV century AD, which corresponds to the period of special activity of entering and performing ritual actions in the sanctuary on the Gurzuf saddle.

Nature itself, having created the mooring rocks of Adalara in the Gurzuf Bay, provided the opportunity to wind the bow anchor rope on the rocks, and throw the stern anchor along the stern, putting the ship on the so-called stretch. nine0003

... A young woman arose from the darkness with purple fingers Eos,
Came out on the shore to shine for the blessed gods and for mortals ...

and, precisely, with the rising of the sun, new adventures of a brave navigator begin. Not all sailors, whose captains put their ships in the Gurzuf Bay, managed to meet the morning dawn. Many died as a result of an unequal fleeting night battle with pirates - Taurus. The main part of the ship's cargo, the most valuable, obviously, was delivered to the sanctuary, the rest was distributed among the inhabitants in the settlement. nine0003

Once, while listening to the stories of the works of the greatest poet of ancient Greece, Homer, a German boy swore an oath to prove to the whole world that Homer in his works described the real events of the Trojan War in the poem "Iliad". Later becoming a famous archaeologist, Heinrich Schliemann fulfilled his oath.

"Odyssey" is the first literary sailing station of the Black Sea. It was written specifically for the sailors, merchants and sailors who make up the new rising class, even before it became the epic of the Greek people. nine0003

“The name of the wanderers was given to them by the gods”

The famous French classicist theorist Boileau (XVII century) said best of all about the high importance of Homer. In his "Poetic Art" he wrote:

It is for all ages, like a spring of delights. nine0003

He, like a magician, turns everything into pearls.

Animation lives in his poems.

And we will not find importunate lengths in them.

Although there is no tedious order in the plot,

It develops naturally and smoothly,

It flows like a pure calm river,

Everything in it is amazing - both the word and the line.

Sincerely love Homer's high work.

And he will teach you invaluable lessons.

(translated by E. Linetskaya).

The data of modern archaeological science state: Cimmerian is a sad region "is the territory of the most ancient tribes of the Crimea".

According to the characteristics of Homer, Herodotus, Publius Ovid Nason had special climatic conditions.

On the numerous islands of the European Sea and on its coast there is no such river:

... Here everything terrifies the living; running noisily here

Terrible rivers, great streams; here Oceana

Deep waters flow; no one can cross them

Himself; then it is possible for only well-built ships ...

In this text, Homer characterizes the course of the Borisfen, that is, the Dnieper, the greatest European river.

The main real and fabulous adventures of the national hero of Greece, King Odysseus of Ithaca, took place in Pontus Euxinus. Not a single sailor would have believed in the presence of numerous fairy-tale characters in the Mediterranean Sea. In the 12th song, Homer characterizes and supplements in more detail the modern navigation of the Black Sea in the Gurzuf Bay, especially the hydrological situation, which led to numerous shipwrecks. nine0003

The White Rocks area, whose name appeared on the sea charts in 1963, does not correspond to reality. Underwater archaeological research of this water area, using an airlift (underwater vacuum cleaner), could fill the white pages of the question where did numerous masterpieces of the ancient world come from to the Tauride Olympus, excavated by Yalta archaeologists Viktor and Natalia Novichenkova on the Gurzuf saddle?

Residents of Gurzuf, sailors, sea travel guides still call the rocks of the Gurzuf Bay - Adalary. I would like to believe that the time will come when the tourist route of Odysseus' journey will be laid on the map of the South of Russia, the southern coast of Crimea, and the rocks of Adalara will have their original name from the ancient guidance of the Great Homer - "Plankty".

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