Ways of teaching reading

Teaching Reading: Strategies & Methods

Various studies show that promoting reading can have a major impact on children and their future. In this article, we’ll look at strategies and methods to support the teaching of reading and comprehension in early elementary school and beyond.

There’s more than one way to teach children to read. So, it’s important to have a range of different strategies and methods to encourage learning in different students.

Teaching reading: strategies & methods

  1. Read aloud to students
  2. Provide opportunities for students to read, write and talk about texts
  3. Read texts repeatedly to support fluency
  4. Teach children the tools to figure out words they don’t know
  5. Provide time for studying spoken language, including vocabulary and spelling
  6. Use prior knowledge to make connections
  7. Predict
  8. Visualize
  9. Summarize
  10. Teach critical thinking skills

The early years: strategies for teaching reading

Literacy teaching and learning are core responsibilities of teachers and schools. Yet teaching reading and writing is a complex and highly skilled professional activity. Many young learners start school with little knowledge about how to read and write. Teachers are tasked with helping children to bridge the significant gap between linking their written and spoken language. Learning to read is critical, with research showing that reading for pleasure can:

  • Promote improved health and wellbeing
  • Help build social connections and relationships
  • Increase the chances of social mobility.

Literacy development is an evolving and non-linear process that encompasses foundational skills (phonemic awareness), word recognition, reading fluency, vocabulary, and reading comprehension (Simms & Marzano, 2018).

For a student’s ultimate success, teachers must:

  • Understand how students learn these skills, and
  • Implement best practices when teaching these skills.

Learning to read should include exposure to a wide variety of exciting books from different genres. Students should also experience reading through different mediums, such as interactive apps and web content.

Here are 10 strategies you can use to support your students in developing their reading skills and boosting comprehension.

1. Read aloud to students

Read-aloud regularly in the classroom and encourage parents to do the same at home. Reading aloud has many benefits for students, including improving comprehension, building listening skills, and broadening their vocabulary development.

2. Provide opportunities for students to read, write, and talk about texts

Regularly giving students time to read, write, and talk about texts can enhance their skill development across multiple areas. For instance, reading more helps you become a better writer. By talking about texts and hearing the perspectives of classmates, young children also have the opportunity to deepen their comprehension. Encourage parents to further engage young readers by asking them to help their child attack difficult words and ask questions about the text that will promote discussions.

3. Read texts repeatedly to support fluency

Allow students to read the same texts multiple times. By doing this, they not only build fluency but also build confidence. The more confident they become in their reading skills, the more likely they will enjoy reading.

4. Teach children the tools to figure out words they don’t know

Teaching students to read for the ultimate goal of producing independent readers begins by explicitly teaching the code we use to decode words. That starts with teaching phonemic awareness.

Here are some other strategies that support phonics instruction:

  • For beginning readers, target words that are decodable. These are regular spellings with regular sounds. (Ex. such – /s/ /u/ /ch/ not gone)
  • Sound out each phoneme and blend as you go by going back to the first sound everytime a sound is added. Hold the sound (sing) then add the next sound. Ex. /g/, /r/, gr—, /ow/, grow.

Note: Students may want to look at pictures for context, but this does not help them decode words. As we encourage students to read more difficult texts, they won’t have pictures to rely on, so encourage them not to use the pictures to decode difficult words.

This might involve combining strategies, such as:

  • Sounding out a word using phonics knowledge
  • Looking at the pictures
  • Skipping the word and coming back to it after reading the rest of the sentence
  • Thinking about what would make sense.

As an elementary teacher, you can support the families of your young students by sharing phonics resources. By providing parents with practical resources, you are setting them up for a productive and positive reading experience with their child.

5. Provide time for studying spoken language, including vocabulary and spelling

A comprehensive approach to teaching reading also includes providing time to develop complementary skills, such as:

  • Spoken language, including through conversation or oral presentations
  • Vocabulary, such as building class lists while reading texts
  • Spelling
  • Grammar, such as through bite-sized video content like the Grammar Miniclips series.
6. Use prior knowledge to make connections

Each student brings unique prior knowledge to their reading education. This knowledge is the sum of all experiences they bring to the reading or viewing of a text. This could include personal experiences, cultural or religious experiences and concept knowledge. Prior knowledge helps young readers infer meaning from text, a skill recognized as a predictor of reading comprehension at various developmental stages and one of the drivers of sophisticated reading ability. An early reader can activate prior knowledge and make connections at each stage.

  • Before reading, they could ask ‘What do I already know about this topic?’
  • During reading, they could reflect ‘This part of the text is just like…’
  • After reading, they could offer ‘I know more about this topic now.’
7. Predict

Prediction is about anticipation and working out the actions and ideas coming next. An early reader can use prediction at each stage of reading.

  • Before reading, they could suggest ‘From the cover, I think this book will be about…’
  • During reading, they could predict which word comes next in a sentence.
  • After reading, they could comment on whether their predictions were correct.
8. Visualize

Visualizing combines using your senses and activating prior knowledge to create a mental picture. Ask students to create a “mind movie.” Young readers, especially with a teacher or parent prompting, can draw on their senses to imagine smells, sounds, tastes, and images that go with the story they are reading – like a show or movie in their mind.

9. Summarize

Teaching students to recall the main points or ideas of a story is not easy. First, they need to be able to put the story in order, then put it in their own words before they can articulate a ‘summing up’ of the author’s main ideas. To start to learn to summarize, young students can practice:

  • Selecting the key words from a paragraph
  • Locating the topic sentence (often found at the start or end of a paragraph)
  • Responding to general questions about a story
  • Talking through the story in their own words
Teach critical thinking skills

Critical thinking gets readers to think about why an author creates a text in a particular way (author’s purpose). You can encourage young readers to ask some of the following questions to get them thinking critically about what they are reading:

  • Why did the author write this story?
  • What did the author leave out of the story?
  • How do I feel about this story?

Reading comprehension strategies

Opportunities for teaching reading comprehension occur at all levels throughout the curriculum. Good comprehension draws from both linguistic knowledge and knowledge of the world we live in. Students develop skills in comprehension though high-quality discussion with teachers, and from regularly reading and discussing a range of texts across genres. Therefore, the reading strategies discussed earlier in the article should be practiced, consolidated and expanded on as a student progresses through school.

Growing readers must learn to read on the lines, between the lines, and beyond the lines. Reading will involve literal, interpretive, and inferential comprehension as it deepens in complexity. As students get more advanced, they’ll learn concepts such as transferring knowledge to new contexts and understanding an author’s viewpoint, purpose, and intended audience. And when they acquire those skills, they’ll be able to critically analyze messages and information in a range of literacy modes for various purposes.

Recommendations for teachers to support the progression of reading comprehension:

  • Make sure your students spend significant amounts of time reading engaging texts.
  • Select texts for students which support authentic learning. These could include topic-based or interest-based texts.
  • Give students access to a range of texts in various genres (multimodal, print-based, images, animations, graphic representations, video, audio, diagrams/charts, newspapers/magazines, fiction, non-fiction).
  • Identify and discuss vocabulary from rich texts with your students.
  • Give your students time to talk to each other about the texts they have read and listened to.
  • Give students time to write and reflect on their reading.

Bring English language arts classes to life for your students

ClickView offers a huge range of educational videos for use in your ELA classes for elementary, middle and high school students. We regularly produce high-quality, curriculum-aligned videos and add these to the collection.

Browse English Language Arts Resources

3 Methods of teaching reading to children

Learning how to read is one of the most important things a child will do before the age of 10. That’s because everything from vocabulary growth to performance across all major subjects at school is linked to reading ability. The Phonics Method teaches children to pair sounds with letters and blend them together to master the skill of decoding.

The Whole-word Approach teaches kids to read by sight and relies upon memorization via repeat exposure to the written form of a word paired with an image and an audio. The goal of the Language Experience Method is to teach children to read words that are meaningful to them. Vocabulary can then be combined to create stories that the child relates to. Yet while there are various approaches to reading instruction, some work better than others for children who struggle with learning difficulties. 

The most common kind of dyslexia, phonological dyslexia, causes individuals to have trouble hearing the sounds that make up words. This makes it difficult for them to sound out words in reading and to spell correctly. Dyslexic learners may therefore benefit from a method that teaches whole-word reading and de-emphasizes the decoding process.

Orton Gillingham is a multi-sensory approach that has been particularly effective for dyslexic children. It combines visual, auditory, kinesthetic, and tactile learning to teach a program of English phonics, allowing children to proceed at a pace that suits them and their ability.

No two students will learn to read in exactly the same way, thus remaining flexible in your approach is key. It can be useful to combine methods, teach strategies and provide the right classroom accommodations, particularly for students who have specific learning differences. Remember that motivation is key and try to be patient so as to avoid introducing any negative associations with school and learning.

Learn more about motivating children to read, different kinds of dyslexia, identifying dyslexia, the Orton-Gillingham approach to reading, and strategies to help children with dyslexia in these posts.

Pre-literacy skills

Children begin acquiring the skills they need to master reading from the moment they are born. In fact, an infant as young as six months old can already distinguish between the sounds of his or her mother tongue and a foreign language and by the age of 2 has mastered enough native phonemes to regularly produce 50+ words. Between the ages of 2-3 many children learn to recognize a handful of letters.

They may enjoy singing the alphabet song and reciting nursery rhymes, which helps them develop an awareness of the different sounds that make-up English words. As fine motor skills advance, so does the ability to write, draw and copy shapes, which eventually can be combined to form letters.

There are plenty of ways parents can encourage pre-literacy skills in children, including pointing out letters, providing ample opportunities for playing with language, and fostering an interest in books. It can be helpful to ask a child about their day and talk through routines to assist with the development of narrative skills.

Visit your local library and bookstore as often as possible. The more kids read with their parents, teachers and caregivers, the more books become a familiar and favorite pastime. Young children should be encouraged to participate in reading by identifying the pictures they recognize and turning the pages.

Discover more about fostering pre-literacy skills.

1. The Phonics Method

The smallest word-part that carries meaning is a phoneme. While we typically think of letters as the building blocks of language, phonemes are the basic units of spoken language. In an alphabetic language like English, sounds are translated into letters and letter combinations in order to represent words on the page. Reading thus relies on an individual’s ability to decode words into a series of sounds. Encoding is the opposite process and is how we spell.
The Phonics Method is concerned with helping a child learn how to break words down into sounds, translate sounds into letters and combine letters to form new words. Phonemes and their corresponding letters may be taught based on their frequency in English words. Overall there are 40 English phonemes to master and different programs take different approaches to teaching them. Some materials introduce word families with rhyming words grouped together. It’s also possible to teach similarly shaped letters or similar sounding letters together.
The Phonics Method is one of the most popular and commonly used methods. In the beginning progress may be slow and reading out loud halting, but eventually the cognitive processes involved in translating between letters and sounds are automatized and become more fluent. However, English is not always spelled the way it sounds. This means some words can’t be sounded out and need to be learned through memorization.

2. The Whole-word Approach

This method teaches reading at the word level. Because it skips the decoding process, students are not sounding out words but rather learning to say the word by recognizing its written form. Context is important and providing images can help. Familiar words may initially be presented on their own, then in short sentences and eventually in longer sentences. As their vocabulary grows, children begin to extract rules and patterns that they can use to read new words.
Reading via this method is an automatic process and is sometimes called sight-reading. After many exposures to a word children will sight-read the majority of the vocabulary they encounter, only sounding out unfamiliar terms.
Sight-reading is faster and facilitates reading comprehension because it frees up cognitive attention for processing new words. That’s why it is often recommended that children learn to read high frequency English vocabulary in this way. The Dolch word list is a set of terms that make-up 50-75% of the vocabulary in English children’s books.

Learn more about teaching sight-reading and the Dolch List.

3. The Language Experience Method

Learning to read nonsense words in a black-and-white activity book is not always the most effective approach. The Language Experience Method of teaching reading is grounded in personalized learning where the words taught are different for every child. The idea is that learning words that the child is already familiar with will be easier.

Teachers and parents can then create unique stories that use a child’s preferred words in different configurations. Children can draw pictures that go with them and put them together in a folder to create a special reading book. You can look for these words in regular children’s fiction and use them to guess at the meaning of unknown words met in a context – an important comprehension strategy that will serve kids in later grades.

8 Tips for parents

No matter which method or methods you use, keep these tips in mind:

  1. Read as often as possible. Develop a routine where you read a book together in the morning or in the evening. You may start by reading aloud but have the child participate by running a finger along the text. Make reading fun, include older children and reserve some family reading time where everyone sits together with their own book to read for half an hour—adults included!

  2. Begin with reading material that the child is interested in. If he or she has a favorite subject, find a book full of related vocabulary to boost motivation. 

  3. Let the child choose his or her own book. When an individual has agency and can determine how the learning process goes, he or she is more likely to participate. Take children to libraries or bookstores and encourage them to explore books and decide what they would like to read.  

  4. Consider graded readers. As a child develops his or her reading ability, you will want to increase the challenge of books moving from materials that present one word per page to longer and longer sentences, and eventually, paragraph level text. If you’re not sure a book is at the right level for your child, try counting how many unfamiliar words it contains per page. You can also take the opposite approach and check to see how many Dolch words are present.

  5. Talk about what you see on the page. Use books as a way to spur conversation around a topic and boost vocabulary by learning to read words that are pictured but not written. You can keep a special journal where you keep a record of the new words. They will be easier to remember because they are connected through the story.

  6. Avoid comparisons with peers. Every child learns to read at his or her own pace. Reading is a personal and individual experience where a child makes meaning and learns more about how narrative works as he or she develops stronger skills.

  7. Don’t put too much pressure. Forcing a child into reading when he or she is not ready can result in negative reactions and cause more harm than good. 

  8. Do speak with your child’s teacher. If your child doesn’t enjoy reading and struggles with decoding and/or sight reading, it may be due to a specific learning difficulty. It’s advised you first discuss it with your child’s teacher who may recommend an assessment by a specialist.

Learning difficulties

If reading is particularly challenging and your child isn’t making progress there could be a specific learning difficulty such as dyslexia or ADHD that is causing the problem. Conditions like dyslexia are hereditary and it’s not unlikely that another family member will also have a hard time with reading. Visual processing, visual impairment and hearing impairment can also cause reading difficulties.

In the case of the latter, if you can’t hear the words it’s hard to identify the sounds inside them and develop an understanding of phonics. Hearing impairment based reading difficulties are a common issue in teaching children with Down syndrome to read.


Orton-Gillingham is an approach designed to help struggling readers. It’s based on the work of Dr. Samuel Orton and Dr. Anna Gillingham and has been in use for the past 80+ years. Orton-Gillingham allows every child to proceed at a pace that is right for him or her and introduces English phonics in a multi-sensory way.

For example, children may see a letter combination, say it aloud and trace it in the air with their finger. Rich sensory experiences help to enhance learning and can be provided using different materials like drawing in sand, dirt, shaving cream or chocolate pudding. Children may form letters using their hands or move in a rhythmic way that mimics the syllables in a word. Singing, dancing, art activities and plenty of repetition develop reading skills.

Learn more in this post on taking a multi-sensory approach to reading.

Touch-typing and multi-sensory reading

TTRS is a touch-typing program that follows the Orton-Gillingham approach and teaches reading in a multi-sensory way. Children see a word on the screen, hear it read aloud and type it. They use muscle memory in the fingers to remember spelling – which is particularly important for children who have dyslexia-- and practice with high frequency words that build English phonics knowledge and decoding skills. Learning happens via bite-size modules that can be repeated as often as is needed. Progress is shown through automatized feedback and result graphs build confidence and motivation.

Learn more
Children as young as 6-7 can begin learning to type as soon as their hands are big enough to rest comfortably on the keyboard. Discover more about teaching kids to type and the benefits of typing in these posts.

How to teach reading, or a brief overview of methods of teaching reading

How to teach a child to read? How to make this process fun and interesting? What is the best age to start learning to read? These and many other similar questions concern modern parents.
I am glad that the question “How to get a child to read?” is a thing of the past.
Modern society is inclined to ensure that any "learning" becomes voluntary, the task of the teacher and parent is to motivate for some new action, to make the learning process such that the child himself wants to learn. nine0005

Teaching reading is an important topic for parents of preschool children. So how do you make this process fun and literate?
Many parents begin to teach reading “on a whim”, which sometimes leads to sad results: either the child loses the desire to learn to read, or when entering grade 1, a small student has problems in mastering some topics related to spelling and pronunciation of words. Sometimes the two problems go hand in hand.

You might be interested in the online conference “Reading. Motivation. Children”

So, in order to avoid mistakes, here are some of the most common methods of teaching reading.

It is worth considering that when writing an article I rely on a purely personal perception of methods and on personal experience as a primary school teacher.

Many are familiar from the school curriculum.
Based on phonetics - teaching the pronunciation of letters and sounds. This is a sound, or otherwise, phonetic method that develops a child's phonemic hearing, allows you to hear and highlight sounds in words. This technique does not require a lot of expensive teaching didactic material in the form of cards, diagrams, notebooks. nine0003 There are plenty of games and exercises to help your child learn to isolate sounds from speech while playing on the go.
The basis of the traditional way of teaching reading is, first of all, acquaintance with sound, learning to distinguish it at the beginning, middle, end of a word, and only then acquaintance with its lettering in writing.

Parents often make a common mistake: they buy bright cubes that speak alphabets, manuals, where a certain image is assigned to a specific letter (A-Watermelon, H-Teapot, etc. ) The child remembers the image-letter, but it is difficult for him to read the word , because it is necessary to carry out analytical work, which is still beyond the strength of a preschooler. nine0012

It's good when parents comment on learning and teach a child to single out individual sounds in words, they conduct a syllable-sound analysis of words.
Sometimes I hear the opinion that this technique is boring, requires rote memorization, and evokes boredom. Ready to argue.
There are a lot of tricks when boring reading columns of syllables "pro, pra, pru" turns into an exciting game:

  • play with your child the game “make a sentence where the initial sound is [l’]”,
  • compose a fairy tale about why the sound [h ’] is always soft - the child will never forget the rule “I write more often with the letter A” and will not make mistakes on this rule in the future.
  • Let's summarize: the sound method of teaching reading begins with an acquaintance with the sound, proceeds to the image of this sound in writing, and as a fixation, the correct correlation of sounds and letters.

    Teaching involves learning to read on the basis of warehouses. A warehouse is a pair of a consonant and a vowel, or a consonant and a hard or soft sign. Or one letter. With the help of this technique, reading and the logic of building words are quickly assimilated, there are many fun and outdoor games, there is no binding to a specific age

    The only negative that can “emerge” in elementary school is that it is difficult to study the composition of a word later on. are not learned, their style is remembered in the game. All cubes differ in size, color and sound that they make so that the child in the learning process can feel the difference between a consonant and a vowel, hard and deaf, voiced and soft. nine0005

    So, a wonderful technique for teaching reading to individuals or in small groups. And, it is worth noting, a parent who has decided to deal with a child using this method should still understand well that learning should take place through a game, and not through the usual connection of cubes.

    It is clear that at home it is difficult to do, as it requires certain financial costs and laborious work on the production of didactic material, but for those who wish to send their child to Montessori groups, a few words about teaching reading according to this program

    • First, the children learn to write letters using inserts and contour frames, and only then they learn the letters.
    • Letters are cut out of rough paper, pasted on a dense base.
    • Children trace the outline with their finger, memorize the image of the letter, learn to pronounce the sound hidden behind the outline of a particular letter, then add words and phrases.
    • Learning to go through the game, at the same time developing fine motor skills.

    This is probably the only method in which the material is distributed for kinesthetics, auditory and visual learners separately, since the principle of learning is based on the "two-hemispheric" work of the brain.
    As in most methods, this one is based on the game.

    The associative method of memorizing both individual letters and rules, exercises is used - everything is learned jokingly, playing.
    Due to the associative series, vocabulary is expanding, imagination and logic are developing. nine0005

    For example, at the initial stage, a letter can be laid out from buttons, molded - an excellent job for kinesthetics; with a letter, you can make a small couplet - why not a memory for audials?
    And what about turning a letter into a fantastic image - this visual technique will surely appreciate it.
    Many teaching methods in teaching reading in the classroom, of course, many teachers impose on the traditional methodology to develop cognitive interest.

    Н and in my opinion, this system of education is perfect for creative children and parents, teachers, but it will be meaningless for those who prefer a strict structure, logic. nine0012

    It is based on the traditional method, but added with original features. For this system, only a textbook developed by a teacher is needed, which makes the learning process accessible to everyone.
    The main task of the primer is to teach the child to merge letters into syllables, and to form words from syllables. Sufficiently the same type of work throughout the entire training, which can cause denial in the child, since the sign system is still poorly perceived for him. According to the author, in speech activity, it is easier for a child to single out a syllable than a sound in a spoken word - this is what training is built on. nine0005

    Of course, these are not all methods of teaching reading, one could also mention the system of Doman and Sergey Polyakov, do not forget the method of Pavel Tyulenev, however, all the principles of teaching come down to single rules, which, let me combine into the following code:

    • The child must want to learn to read on his own, without being forced; do not force him to read at once and syllable by syllable - this is painstaking work for the student.
    • The learning process should be based on play activities and last as long as the child wants; nine0038
    • Own example is not the last role in learning, the child should be intrigued: what is so interesting in the book?
    • Of course, daily reading of books by adults to a child, discussion of what they have read.
    • Patience. Each child has his own pace of mastering the material, take your time.

    You might be interested in the webinar “Functional reading in working with foreign and bilingual children”

    Lastly, the interest of the trainee himself to the basic rules of a particular technique should be taken into account. nine0005

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    The most popular methods of teaching reading

    Happy Parents magazine asked the chief methodologist of the Baby Club network to talk about the advantages and disadvantages of popular methods of teaching reading . Svetlana Kuznetsova happily shared information with readers.

    Word for word

    « Many teachers note that a modern child needs reading skills from the very first days at school. To complete assignments in other subjects, for example. Otherwise, you will have to help a lot. In any case, it takes different time for all children to master the alphabet, and the teacher cannot wait. In addition, if a child learns to read at school, it will be an additional burden for him. It will be more difficult for him to acquire knowledge in other subjects, because more energy and concentration will be required from him. It will hardly add self-confidence and motivation to study. nine0005

    Reading skills will also be needed to prepare mini-presentations and oral presentations, which are now being asked to be done in first grade. A child who reads will find information quickly, and will only pique his interest. This is an important plus. But the skill must be practiced really well. After the first successes are made, it takes time to learn to understand the meaning of what is read. It is easiest to achieve this effect in a calm home environment.

    When to teach a child to read, the mother decides for herself. If you don’t want to wait until school, you have to decide on the methodology. And now there are many of them and each has both advantages and disadvantages. nine0005


    The most popular visual method is Doman cards. At first glance, this seems to be the easiest way. From about 4-6 months, the mother begins to show the baby cards for a few seconds. The words are written in block letters on them, which she says them aloud. The child's visual memory is well developed, so he quickly grasps the connection between what he hears and what he sees. And at some point, he begins to understand what is written on the cards. nine0005

    With age, the number of words and letters in words increases. For a child, this is not a problem, but a mother can break down. You have to prepare not just a lot of cards, but insanely many. But the main disadvantage is different: with this approach, the child memorizes words mechanically, like a robot. There is no interactivity involved. The game component is missing. And then, the baby gets used to the initial forms: to the nominative case, to infinitives. When he encounters real texts, he either does not recognize familiar words at all, or reads them with an error, because the endings are different. nine0005


    Sound-letter techniques are classics of the genre. According to them, kids are now taught to read in most public kindergartens and schools. Usually it all starts with Zhukova's primer. First of all, children are introduced to the graphic image of letters. Then they explain what they are called (“be”, “sha”, “ef”) and what sounds they can represent. It is not uncommon for the process to slow down at this stage because confusion occurs. Understanding that the letter "er" actually reads like "r" also takes time. nine0005

    Further sounds are taught to merge together. This is “a”, this is “m”, together “a-m”, and if vice versa, it will turn out “m-a”. The child reads the letters, looking at the blackboard or in the primer. Many times she trains to pronounce different combinations of sounds, including abstract ones that do not exist in Russian. Then, from the letters, the baby learns to make syllables, then words, and smoothly proceeds to reading phrases, short sentences and texts.

    There is little creativity in this process. Children often get bored in class because they only look at the letters. There is no way to play with them. In addition, such a gradual and "slow" learning takes a lot of time and energy. Although the sound-letter technique is suitable for some guys, because each child has his own. nine0005


    In the Soviet school, we mastered reading by syllables, and today they are being replaced by warehouses. And this alternative is gaining more and more fans. A warehouse is a reading unit that consists of one letter or a combination of two letters. With this approach, the child is not asked to memorize the names of the letters. He does not need this knowledge when learning to read. They will be required later, and he will easily receive them at school. In the meantime, the kids are simply told: “Each letter has a sound. This letter has an "m" sound. nine0005

    The child does not need to remember how to read two adjacent letters, because he remembers the whole warehouse as a picture. This makes learning faster.

    There is another plus. To read a word, the child must first decompose it into parts purely visually. And it’s easier to break into warehouses than into syllables. For example, a child immediately sees that “ko-sh-ka” breaks up into three warehouses, because he saw them all separately on cubes. He will definitely get acquainted with syllables and transfer rules, but already at school. He does not need this information to learn to read. nine0005

    The most famous storage techniques today are Zaitsev's cubes and Chaplygin's cubes. They are different, but they have a lot in common. Zaitsev's technique is the most popular. The kit includes dice, on each side of which warehouses are written, and special tables for training, also with warehouses.

    A child can start playing with such blocks at least from the age of one. They're not easy. Cubes vary in size, color and sound. Thanks to two different fillers, brown ones make dull sounds, gray ones make voiced ones (in fact, this is how the difference between voiceless and voiced consonants is illustrated). Dice can be played with: rattled or used as a building block to build anything from a tower to an ocean. This is their main advantage. The child remembers warehouses during the game: he built a train, his mother read the warehouse on each trailer, and he repeated everything after her. nine0005

    But in order to start reading according to Zaitsev's method, a child must memorize a lot of syllables. Purely visually, like pictures. For example, he will need to remember separately all combinations of consonants with the letter “a” (“ba”, “va”, “ga”, and so on), then with “o” and other vowels. This is a big load on memory, therefore, if there was a break in classes, many children forget something and have to learn warehouses from cubes again.

    Chaplygin's method is arranged differently. Firstly, there are fewer cubes, each one has only one letter written on it, and they are connected to each other using magnets. Secondly, the child learns warehouses in the same way as in the Zaitsev method, but at the same time, at each lesson, he is shown that it is easy to change “ma” to “pa”, “sa”, “ha”. Moreover, the child can turn this trick with his own hands, replacing one cube with another. So he quickly catches the pattern and understands the very principle of the formation of warehouses. And he won't be able to forget him. nine0005

    Time to go

    When to start is a good question. The letters of a child can be taught in a year, and in order to learn how to read warehouses, it is better to wait until 3.5-4 years. Then you can already form motivation. Any skill, if it turns out to be unclaimed, is quickly forgotten. It will already be possible to interest a four-year-old. He can read signs, cartoon names, product labels to distinguish milk from kefir in the store. Then there will be interest.

    Readiness to learn to read is also important. It is believed that if the baby is able to isolate the first sound in a word by ear, he has matured. nine0005

    The best time to practice is from 10 am to 11 am. At this hour, our brain works most actively, therefore it is able to absorb the maximum amount of information. Classes should be regular, the ideal schedule is 3-4 times a week. Sudden bursts of interest in reading in a child or in a parent will not lead to the proper result.


    • It is important to fix the material. If in the first lesson you get acquainted with a new letter or warehouse, then in the second lesson you play with them. The more options you offer, the better. Letters can be sculpted from dough, written out with a stick in the sand, drawn with a finger on a tray with colorful sweets, caught with a spoon from a basin of water. nine0038
    • When all the letters are mastered, it is worth trying single word cards . Many kids love them. The font should be large, the illustration should be understandable.
    • It will be good if the first book, in addition to large text, will contain repeatedly repeated pieces of text , as in the fairy tale about Kolobok. Repeatedly reading the same passage, the baby begins to recognize many words, and this makes reading very easy. nine0038
    • Do not force your child to read . Let him get information in different ways. You can watch video content on the Internet, listen to audio fairy tales and sometimes read books.
    • Read for yourself in front of your baby. Not books, but magazines or articles on the Internet. The child will see that the skill of reading gives you pleasure. Between the ages of 4 and 7, children tend to copy their parents' behaviors and habits, so seize the moment. Otherwise, the baby is unlikely to become addicted to reading. It's just that this type of activity will be alien to him. nine0038
    • Even when the child learns to read, do not stop reading aloud to him yourself. This tradition is very close to parents and leaves warm memories for life. As an adult, such a child is likely to resurrect the tradition in order to recreate pleasant sensations within himself.



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