Long o sound list
Long Vowel Sounds: Word Lists & Activities
Phonics | Spelling
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In this post, I’m breaking down long vowel sounds (or long vowel words) to help you teach them when working with struggling readers and spellers.
Looking for long vowel word lists? Download all 5 of my pdf long vowel sounds word lists in my freebies library by joining my email list below.
What is a long vowel sound?
Long vowel sounds are vowels that are pronounced the same as their name. You’ll often hear teachers say that long vowels “say their name”.
Long vowels are very common but they can be tricky because there are so many spellings for each long vowel sound.
There are actually 4 ways to make long vowel sounds:
- Vowels at the end of a syllable make the long sound. For example, in the words me and halo (ha-lo) the vowels are all at the end of a syllable so they make the long sound.
- Silent e makes the previous vowel long. The words bike and phone have a silent e at the end that makes the previous vowel long.
- Vowel teams can make the long sound. Vowel teams work together to make one sound, and usually, it’s a long vowel sound. For example, boat and meat both have vowel teams that make the long sound.
- I or O can be long when they come before two consonants. In words like cold and mind, i and o make a long vowel sound.
Long Vowel Words
Long vowel sound words are words that have vowels that say their name. Below are a few examples:
- Long a – baby, cake, rain, day, they, weigh
- Long e – me, eve, hear, meet, piece, candy
- Long i – silent, bike, light, my
- Long o – go, home, toe, boat, snow
- Long u – music, mule, pew, feud
Long A Sound
The long a sound can be represented by 8 different spelling patterns:
- a – baby
- a_e – cake
- ai – rain
- ay – play
- ei – reindeer
- eigh – weight
- ea – steak
- ey – they
Learn more about teaching the long a sound here, and check out my Long A Words Activities & Worksheets for printable activities.
Long E Sound
The long e sound can be represented by 8 different spelling patterns:
- e – be
- e_e – eve
- ee – meet
- ea – beach
- ei – protein
- ie – piece
- ey – key
- y – candy
For ideas, tips, and tricks when teaching the long e sound, read this post all about teaching the long e vowel sound, and check out my Long E Words Activities & Worksheets for printable activities.
Long I Sound
The long i sound can be represented by 6 different spelling patterns:
- i – silent
- i_e – shine
- ie – pie
- igh – light
- y – my
- y_e – type
You can learn more about teaching the long I sound in this post. And check out my Long I Worksheets set in my shop for printable activities on the long i sound.
Long O Sound
The long o sound can be represented by 5 different spelling patterns:
- o – go
- o_e – phone
- oe – toe
- oa – boat
- ow – snow
You can learn more about teaching long o words and check out my long o worksheets.
Long U Sound
The long u has two sounds: yoo (/y/ /oo/) and oo (/oo/).
The long u sound can be represented by 7 different spelling patterns:
- u – music
- u_e – mule
- ue – rescue
- eu – feud
- ew – few
- oo – food
- ou – soup
Learn more about teaching the long u sound here.
Tips for teaching the long vowel sounds
Teach one spelling pattern at a time!
I don’t mean one vowel sound, but just one spelling pattern. So for example, if you’re working on long a, you would work on the spelling pattern a silent e (cake, same, cave) until students have mastered it, then move on to ai, and so on. You should not be teaching multiple spelling patterns together, even though they make the same sound.
I know that most programs out there combine all the long vowel sound spelling patterns into one lesson, especially in spelling lists, but this does not work for struggling readers. You need to break it down for them and only do one at a time.
Teach the syllable types.
Because syllables have a lot to do with whether vowels make the short or long sound, if students do not already know the 6 syllable types then teach them along with the long vowel sound.
Here are resources for each syllable type:
- closed syllable
- open syllable
- final silent e syllable
- vowel team syllable
- r combination syllable
- consonant le syllable
Use a variety of activities to practice each spelling pattern.
Games, dictation, word sorts, memory or matching with flashcards, word hunts, textured writing, body spelling, and bingo are all fun ways to practice the long vowel sounds.
The main activity that is often overlooked is dictation. It seems so simple but the task involves listening to a word, deciding on the spelling, and transferring that info to written form. These are all skills that struggling readers need to practice.
Teach the spelling generalizations.
Some of the long vowel spelling patterns are spelling rules that make it easy to remember.
For example, ai is usually found at the beginning or middle of a syllable, and ay is usually found at the end of a syllable. [Examples: rain, aim, play, daytime]
Here is another example with long o: oa is usually found at the beginning or middle of a word, and ow is usually found at the end. [Examples: boat, coach, snow]
Long Vowel Word List
I made these word lists to help teach the long vowels. I find it handy to have these on hand when playing phonics games or planning activities for long vowel lessons.
Grab them for free below!Visit my Teachers Pay Teachers shop to see all my literacy products.
Want to remember this? Save Long Vowel Sounds: Word Lists & Activities to your favorite Pinterest board!
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Delilah Orpi is the owner and founder of Thrive Literacy Corner. She has a Bachelor's degree in Special Education, a Master's degree in TESOL, and is a member of the International Dyslexia Association. She is an experienced educator and literacy specialist trained in Orton Gillingham and Lindamood Bell. Delilah creates literacy resources for educators and parents and writes to create awareness about dyslexia and effective literacy instruction based on the science of reading.
Phonics | Spelling
How To Switch To and Use A Sound Wall In The Classroom
It’s time to ditch word walls for sound walls. Sound walls are based on the science of reading, and are an excellent way to explicitly teach phonemes. They are highly effective, especially for struggling readers, and make a lot more sense than word walls. Sound walls can be used in primary grades and with older…
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Phonics | Spelling
How To Teach Long U Words
Last up in my series of long vowel sounds, I’m sharing tips and tricks to teach long u words! Because there are two ways to pronounce long u, it is the most complex of long vowel sounds to teach. I’m going to break down each of the eight ways to spell the long u sound,…
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131+ Long O Vowel Sound Words (Free Printable List)
Grade 1 | Grade 2 | Long Vowels | Phonics
This post may contain affiliate links. Please see our disclosure policy.
Learn about the five ways to spell the long o sound: o, o-e, oa, ow, and oe. You’ll also get two lists of 131 long o sound words, organized by spelling pattern and syllable type.
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Table of Contents
- All About Long O
- Long O Word List
- Multisensory Spelling
- Related Posts
- Download & Print
All About Long O
It’s so important to teach students the long vowel rule: Long vowels say their name!
- Long a says /ā/ like acorn.
- Long e says /ē/ like equal.
- Long i says /ī/ like ice.
- Long o says /ō/ like ocean.
- Long u says /yoo/ like unicorn, OR /oo/ like ruler.
Teaching students all the different ways to spell and recognize long vowel sounds will help them become much more independent and confident readers!
There are 5 ways to spell Long O:
- o like no.
- o-e like home.
- oa like boat.
- ow like bow.
- oe like toe.
The long vowel O sound can be heard at the beginning (open), middle (pony), or end of a word (no). Long O sound can be spelled with a silent e (VCe pattern), a vowel team, in an open syllable, or in a closed syllable exception.
It’s important that children are familiar with the spelling patterns for long vowel O and can read and spell them with accuracy. Be sure you follow a scope and sequence that will introduce each one of the spellings in an order that makes sense and builds upon previously taught skills. Recipe for Reading is a great one to follow.
We hope these lists are helpful resources as you teach your students the different ways to read and spell long O.
Long O Word List
👉 Scroll to the bottom of this post for a FREE printable comprehensive word list with 131 long O sound words!
O – Open Syllable Words & Wild, Old Words
O says its long sound in an open syllable (a syllable that ends in a vowel). This can be a one-syllable word like no or a multisyllabic syllable word like volcano.
O will also say its long sound in closed syllable exceptions or rule breaker words. Some refer to these as Wild, Old Words.
These include some one-syllable words that end in -old, -olt, -ond, and -ost.
|Long O Sound Words – One Syllable||Long O Sound Words – 2+ Syllable|
O-E Words (Long O with Silent E)
These words include long O that follow the VCe pattern (vowel-consonant-e), specifically o-e. They can also be called Magic E Words or Silent E Words.
The job of the E is to stay silent and make the O say its name. This spelling pattern is used at the end of root words.
|Long O with Silent E Words – One Syllable||Long O with Silent E Words – 2+ Syllable|
OA – Vowel Team
This vowel team follows the old jingle you probably learned as a kid: “When two vowels go walking, the first one does the talking. ”
👉 Please don’t teach your students this as a ‘rule’ because it actually only works about 35% of the time (meaning it’s not true 65% of the time).
Instead, it works in this instance, when the two vowels come together to make the long vowel ō sound.
|Vowel Team OA Words– One Syllable||Vowel Team OA Words– 2+ Syllable|
OW – Vowel Team
The vowel team OW is used at the end of a root word. It can also be used before the letter L or N like in bowl or grown. In this vowel team, the W functions as a vowel.
OW is also a diphthong used in the word cow. These phonograms ow/ow look exactly the same, so the reader must rely on context to know which sound to apply. For example:
- The star of the show took a bow at the end of the play.
- The girl wore a big bow in her hair.
|Vowel Team OW Words – One Syllable||Vowel Team OW Words – One Syllable|
OE – Vowel Team
Only a few words in English use this vowel team (about 15 in total). Don’t spend too much time on this vowel team since its frequency is so minimal. Included on this list are the ones kids will likely encounter and need to know.
Words with Vowel Team OE: toe, Joe, hoe, doe, foe, woe, goes, aloe, oboe, tiptoe, mistletoe
Make it multisensory by incorporating sand, salt, or sugar spelling! Every time you introduce a new spelling pattern, kids add a grid to the cookie tray.
Incorporate Simultaneous Oral Spelling (SOS) where children say the letters as they write them. This engages 4 of the 5 senses and makes the spelling patterns stick. Eventually, students will progress until they can write all five ways to spell the Long O sound.
In this video you’ll see that this student has learned the first four ways to spell long O. Once the last spelling pattern is introduced, he will then add a grid to and write the five ways to spell long O.
👉 Get the rest of the printable Long Vowel Word Lists: Long A, Long E, Long I, and Long U!
- Long and Short Vowel Sort
- 3 Sounds of Suffix ED
- Long and Short Vowels
Download & Print
Are you using these long O word lists with your students? Leave us a comment and tell us how! Or tag us on Instagram @Literacylearn!
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Complete Guide to Reading and Pronunciation
Welcome to our Telegram channel: short lessons on the most important conversational phrases with examples and exercises. Learn English with pleasure. Subscribe >>
This article will help you understand the peculiarities of the pronunciation of English sounds, and what combinations of letters they can be expressed in writing.
English often sounds more dynamic than smoother Russian. It is slightly faster (about 10% - 15%, according to various studies), and sometimes it seems to us that not all words are pronounced in fast speech.
If you have difficulty understanding English by ear and want to hear English better, come to our free training "How to learn to understand English by ear". Registration is open!
Despite the fact that the languages come from the same Indo-European family - which means that they are based on the same pronunciation system - there are a number of significant differences in the pronunciation of Russian and English sounds, words and phrases.
Important features of English pronunciation (compared to Russian)
English has more vowels than Russian. They are usually pronounced with less lip tension.
We have 6 of them: [a], [y], [o], [e], [i], [s], in English there are 12 of them: /ɪ/, /ɪː/, /ʌ/, / ɑː/, /æ/, /ɛ/, /ɜː/, /ɒ/, /ɔː/, /ʊ/, /ʊː/, /ə/.
English sounds usually have two variants:
short and long: /ɪ/ and /ɪː/, /ɒ/ and /ɔː/, /ʊ/ and /ʊː/
light and deeper: /ʌ / and /ɑː/
open and closed: /æ/ and /ɛ/
Unique English vowel sounds:
/æ / - a cross between A and E
/ɜː/ (soft O) - a cross between O and Y
/ə/ - weak schwa (extremely weak sound, something the middle between A, O, E - pronounced in most unstressed syllables).
In English there are no our compound vowels E [ye], Yo [yo], Yu [yu], Ya [ya], but there are diphthongs.
English diphthongs are double sounds /aɪ/ ( Time ), /Eɪ / (Space) , /ɔɪ / (Boil) , /ɛə / (Care) , /əʊ / (KNOW) , /Aʊ / (now) , /ɪə/ (fear) , and /ʊə/ (cure) .
The first sound of the diphthong is pronounced more clearly than the second. That is why we often hear poorly or confuse words with diphthongs when listening.
English consonants often differ in their pronunciation even of sounds similar to Russian.
There are as many as 36 consonants in Russian (with 21 letters), but in English there are only 24. It is important to remember that even similar sounds (for example, /p/ or /d/ are pronounced differently than in Russian - see details in table below ).
Unique English consonant sounds:
/w/ semi-vowel, somewhere between U and B
/ð/ and /θ/ З (Ф and С in deaf variation)
/ŋ/ - nasal Н
The main difference between the pronunciation of Russian and English consonants is that in Russian we often deafen the final consonants (for example, the words year and goth may sound the same), and this does not happen in English. It is important to remember this, as we can confuse pairs of words (for example, bed - bet ) and hear final consonants badly.
The so-called "clusters" - combinations of several consonants within or at the junction of words. Words like three, sixth , and others can cause pronunciation problems.
I recommend using the interactive sound table or the Cambridge mobile app to practice pronunciation of sounds and improve accent.
The same letter can represent several sounds depending on the position in the word.
The most important difficulty in learning English is mastering its rules of reading.
Despite the fact that there are only 26 letters in the English alphabet (as opposed to 33 in Russian), learning to read words and phrases in English is not easy.
1/ The vowels in the alphabet have a so-called "open" pronunciation, different from other European languages.How to Read the Sounds of the English Alphabet
2/ The vowel sounds in stressed words are read differently depending on the type of syllable they are in.
3/ Unstressed vowels are pronounced with a very weak schwa /ə/ sound.
This sound is so weak that we often cannot hear it. In our English pronunciation, we often pronounce it too intensely.
For example, the word vegetable is not pronounced VEGETABLE with the same intensity of all sounds, but /vedʒt(ə)b( ə )l/ , that is, after a clear stressed syllable VE come reduced syllables, all the sounds of which are read with schwa and are almost inaudible (and often not audible at all).
I will tell you more about this feature of English stress in the article “How to learn to understand English by ear”.
4/ Many vowels and consonants are written with letter combinations to remember.
Mistakes in pronunciation lead to problems in listening to fast English speech. I recommend purchasing our "Complete Guide to the Rules of Reading" . It will help fill gaps in your knowledge of pronunciation rules and help you avoid common mistakes.
Lips slightly stretched in a semi-smile, tongue in front of the mouth. Pronounce the Light I.
I F, F I LM, h I S
E at the ends of
DANC E S, Start E 6 D
W O MEN
E NGLISH, D E Cide
vill a ge, chocol a te
Lips slightly stretched, tongue in front of mouth. We pronounce a long I. We do not strain our lips.
S EE , SL EE P
Most of the words with EA
S EA , R EA 9000 D, E A T, PL EA SE
e open syllable
tr ee , b E , Th E SE
MACH I NE, POL I CE
F IE 9000 LD, P IE CE, Ach IE VE
REC EI VE
EY at the end of
K EY , HOKK
EO oli EO olig eo ple
Lips slightly stretched, tongue in front of mouth. We do not lower the jaw. Say the closed E.
E GG, b E T, W E NT
D EA 9000 D, BR EA TH
a ny, a te, s ay s, s ai0005 U
b U Ry
FR IE ND
L EI Sure
c a t, fl a t, m a rry, h a nd0, ar0016
pl ai t
Do not strain your lips slightly. Say the light A
B U S, M U ST, F U NNY
y OU NG, TR OU BLE
OUGh / ʌf /
EN OU GH, R OU 9000 GH
BL 9000 OO D, FL OO 9000 OO 9000 OO 9000 OO 9000 OO 9000 OO 9000 OO 9000 OO 9000 OO 9000 OO 9000 OO
UL at the beginning of the words
U Ltimate, U LTIMATUM
Make a long one, but at the same time the company is widely opened. The tongue is moved away from the lower teeth, the base of the tongue is slightly raised. Sensation as if there was something round in the back of the mouth.
C AR , C AR D, AR TIST, P AR 9000 K
F A Ther A Ther
H EAR T
AU NT, L AU
H O T, SP O T, D O G
CL O CK O CK
O + Double consonant
b O TTLE
A after W, WH, QU
W A NT, WH A T, QU A Lity
9AT bec au se
kn ow ledge
Pronounced drawlingly, as it is stressed, but the position of the lips in Russian is less tense than.
H Or SE, SP Or T, RES Or T
B OAR 9000 D
9000 AW 9000 S
0 S 9000 S 9000 S 9000 S 9000 S 9000 S 9000 S 9000 S 9000 S 9000 S 9000 lw , l w n
AU GUST, P AU SE, AU DIO, D AU 9000 GHTER
A LL, W A TER TER TER TER TER TER AR AR After W, QU
W AR , W AR N, QU AR TER
D OORA , FL Oor
F 9000 OUU , c our t
Ough + consonant
b Ough T, BR OUGH T, Th OUGH T 6
h ER, V ER B
G IR L, F IR ST
F UR UR UR 9000, T UR UR
W or D, W Or K, W Or LD
OUR + Consistent
OUR NEY, C OUR TESY
l ear n, ear th
Slightly less lip tension than in Russian. The back of the tongue is slightly raised. The lips are rounded, but slightly. Pronounce the long U.
F OO D, M OO D
9000 U in an open syllable
M U 9000 Sic, S UI 9000 T
U. end mute e
t u ne, J u ne, bl U E
D O , M O VE, SH O E
9000 9000 9000 9000 ° C. P, ThR OU 9000 GH
J UI CE
B EAU TIFUL 6
B OO K, G OO D
P U T
9000 OU 9000 9000 ° C 9000 ° LD 9000 LD 9000 LD 9000 LD 9000 LD 9000 LD 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 OU 9000 ° B 9000 $
W O MAN
|Sound||Proceedings0173 Exception words|
|/aɪ/|| "Ai" |
Position of the lips as when pronouncing the sound /ʌ/, but the lips are slightly more tense. After the first sound, immediately the tongue moves up to pronounce the sound /ɪ/. The second element of the diphthong is pronounced with less intensity.
| i in an open syllable |
in words with mute ending e
wr i te, f i ve, d i e, d0006
P I NT
EI Theer, N EI
B 9000 UY , 9000 UY UY 9000 UY 9000 UY 9000 UY 9000 9000 9000 6, G UY UM /eɪ/
| "Hey" |
The position of the lips as when pronouncing the sound /e/. After the first sound, immediately the tongue moves up to pronounce the sound /ɪ/. The second element of the diphthong is pronounced with less intensity.
| a in open syllable |
R A DIO, F A VOORITE
In words with the final dumb E
PL A TE, P A 9000 GE
P AI 9000 AI 9000 N, SP AI N, R AI N, P AI D
D AY , AW AY
GR 9000 EA T, BR 9000 T, BR 9000 T, BR k
EI GHT, V EI L
Th EY , GR EY
|/ ɔɪ / ɔɪ/|| "OI" |
The first sound is pronounced a little more, the first sound is pronounced. sound /ɒ/. After the first sound, immediately the tongue moves up to pronounce the sound /ɪ/. The second element of the diphthong is pronounced with less intensity.
| oi |
b oi l, sp oi l
T OY , ENJ OY
|/ ɛə /|| "EA" |
Pringes the vowel [e] in a word , after the pronunciation of the weak ə] with a hint of sound [ʌ]. The second element of the diphthong is pronounced with less intensity. air
c ARE , SP ARE
| EAR |
P EAR , T EAR (tear)
ERE 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000
|/ɪə/|| “Ia” |
Position of the lips as when pronouncing the sound /ɪ/, and then finish with a weak [ə] with a hint of the sound [ʌ]. The second element of the diphthong is pronounced with less intensity.
| eer |
b eer , d eer
| ier |
f ier CE
W EIR D
ID , EA L
|3 /əʊ ɔ/, then round the lips a little more and move on to /ʊ/. The second element of the diphthong is pronounced with less intensity. || O at the end of the words |
S O , Mexic O , AG O
In words with the final dumb E
ST O NE, h O ME, t, t. O E
B OA T, C OA ST
| Before LD |
C O LD
SH OU LDER
|/Aʊ /|| most ow |
n ow , br ow n, h ow , t ow EL
H OU SE, OU T, GR OU ND
|/ ʊə /||"POTITION OF GABLS AM POPERATION OF THE POPERATION OF THE POPERATION OF THE POPERATION OF THE POPPITION OF THE POPPIRE OF THE POPPIRE OF THAT ʊ/, but the lips are a little more tense, and then we end with a weak [ə] with a hint of the sound [ʌ]. The second element of the diphthong is pronounced with less intensity.|| u in open syllable |
d u ring, j u ry, sec
S O, S EE, S IDE
at the ends - after a deaf consonant
Cat S , Writ ES
9000 9000 SS 9000 9000 9000 CRO 9000 SS 9000 SS 9000 SS 9000 SS FU SS Y (with the exception of Scissors, Possess )
S + consonant
LA S T, S
9000 C 9000 C 9000 C 000 ENTRE sc Ivent, C YCLE, JUI C Y
| Sometimes S at the end of the words |
MOU SE , CEA SE
in the middle of words (between vowels)
ba s ic
|/ʃ/|| "Sh" |
The sound is similar to Russian Sh, but a little softer
| sh |
sh op, wi SH
at the ends with TI- and CI -
EDUCA Ti ON, Ini Ti
MUSI CI CI 9000 OUS
| 9000 CH in words origin |
ma CH in, CH Ampagne, Ni CH E
S In S URANCE, S 9000 URE
| / TAR / TA |
The sound is similar to Russian Ch, but a little softer.
| Ch- Most of the words |
CH In, Ri CH
MA TCH , KI TCH 9000 EN
TU- in Suffixes 9000
TU Re, Na TU Re, Pic TU Re, Tempera TU Re
|/ ʒ /|| "F" |
Sound is similar to Russian, but much softer. The middle part is raised up, the tip is slightly raised. Compared to Russian, Zh is pronounced in the middle (and not in the front) part of the mouth.
| Before the ends of C -U or -I |
PLEA SU Re, U SU Al, VI SI
| -GE (in words of French) |
BEI 9000 GE 6 , gara ge
|/dʒ/|| J |
Pronounced like /tʃ/, but louder. When pronouncing /d/, the tip of the tongue is raised up and pressed against the alveoli (tubercles at the base of the upper teeth), then the tongue is transferred to the middle part of the mouth and soft /ʒ/ is pronounced
| J |
J AM, J
GE, GI, GY
Mana GE , A G ENT, G YM, IMA G ANE, ANE, ANE, ANE, ANE, ANE, ANE, ANE G In G ER
(with the exception of GET, Give )
| / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / J / Y, but with a smaller raising of the tip of the tongue up. The edges of the back of the tongue are pressed against the upper teeth. The sound comes out through the middle of the tongue. || Y at the beginning of the words |
Y Ellow, Y OU
U sometimes at the beginning of words
U NIVERSITY, U Se
| 9000 9000 after agreed E Autiful, D EW , F EW , Arg U E, QU E UE, M U SIC, N EW , P U Re re, T U NE |
at the beginning of words
E Urope, E Uropean
| / Z / || "Z" |
Sound is similar to the Russian Z
| Z Z OO Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z. In the middle of the words |
MU S IC, PLEA S ANT
S, sometimes at the end of the words
WA S , HA S
at the ends - after the consonant or glasnaya 9,000
DOG S , Add S , Listen S
| / H / || "X" (much weaker compared to Russian) |
is pronounced on exhalation. Unlike Russian, no bow is made at the back of the mouth. The tongue does not participate in the formation of this sound, but takes a position for the next vowel.
| h |
h ot, h and
who0006 o, wh om, wh ole Feeling a bit like spitting.
| P |
P EN, P Ull, Ta P
| / B / || "B" |
Sound is similar b all, b ottle, ri b
| /t/ || "Т" round and noisy. || T |
T ABLE, T IME
| / D / || “D” |
Sound is similar base of the upper teeth), and the sound is more rounded and noisy.
| D |
D Rone, D Ull, MU D
| "K" |
9,0005 K. K , AN K LE
LO CK , SO CK
C (except CE, CI, CI)
9000 LUE, C LONE, LONE, c ould
| / g / || “G” |
is similar to the Russian G
| G at the end of the words |
MU G G , An 9000 G LE
In the middle and -Gue at the end of the words
LEA GU , Pro GU E, LAN GU Age
| / L / || "LAS" |
Sound is pronounced during the ON tongue on the alveoli and with a slightly elevated posterior palate. Pronounced something between L and L. The lateral edges of the tongue are lowered, forming a passage for the air stream.
| L, LL |
L AMP, L IST, A L IVE, BEL L Y 6
| / R / ||3 "RAIL from Russian. The tongue lies flat, and then the tip of the tongue rises, folding into a kind of "roll", while not touching anything in the mouth. It is important that in English the tongue does not form a barrier to the movement of air and does NOT vibrate. || r, rr |
R EAD, R AW, CO RR ECT
WR at the beginning of
WR ONG, WR ITE
| M, MM |
M AY, Re M E M BER, SU MM
| ||/ N /|| N" |
The sound is similar to Russian N.
| N |
N AME, PAI N
KN at the beginning of the words
KN EE, KN IGHHT 6
|/ » nasal|| ng |
si ng , pi ng
| /f/ || "F" |
The sound is similar to the Russian F. The lower lip is slightly pressed against the lower teeth.
| F |
STU FF , SA F E, F A
PH One, PH 9000 YSICSS
nou gh , tou gh , rou gh , lau gh
| /v/ || "V" |
The sound is similar to the Russian V. The lower lip is slightly pressed against the lower teeth.
| V |
V Ery, Pro V E
| / W / || something between B. |
A sharp opening without touching the teeth) and release the air. The lips immediately move into position to pronounce the next vowel.
| w |
W AR, W ANT, W In
WH- (except WHO)
AT, WH EN, WH 9000 Y
| /ð/ || Voiced interdental sound. Something between B and Z. We put the tip of the tongue between the teeth and pronounce V. The tongue is flattened and not tense. The tip does not need to be pushed far forward. We make sure that the tongue does not go back and does not rest against the lower teeth, as this can lead to whistling. We remove the tip of the tongue inward when pronouncing the next vowel. || Th between vowels |
BREA Th E, BA Th E, Bro Th ER
| At the beginning of some words |
9000 9000 9000 $ 9000 OUG th is
th Something between B and Z. We put the tip of the tongue between the teeth and pronounce F. At the same time, the tongue is flattened and not tense. The tip does not need to be pushed far forward. We make sure that the tongue does not go back and does not rest against the lower teeth, as this can lead to whistling. We remove the tip of the tongue inward when pronouncing the next vowel.
| at the end of the majority words |
My Th , PA Th , Wor Th , Heal
at the beginning of some words
9000 EME, TH RAU, 9000 RAU th umb, th ing
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We have relatively few problems pronouncing English sounds compared to speakers from other language families. However, there are a number of sounds that we need to pay special attention to.
|The tongue is strained and begins to vibrate. It sounds harsh and closer to Russian than to English.|
|/w/||The upper lip touches the lower teeth and the opening of the lips is not fast enough. The sound comes out like /v/ or is even replaced by /v/.|| can be confused: |
W ET - V ET
W INE - V INE
V EST - V EST
|/ upper sky, and the sound is replaced by /n/. In the popular letter combination NG, an unnecessary /g/ is pronounced.|| Si NG , Ri NG , Ki NG |
Sleepi NG , MAKI NG
| 9000 / ð / 9 , |
/ θ /
| Can be confused: |
th ink - s Ink
Th ANK - S Ank
BO Th - BO SS
ICK - S ICK
Th REE, Th ROW, Th Rive, Th RouchH, CLO Th ES
|9000 with vibration of the rear palate.|
Useful online resources
- BBC Learning English video series on the pronunciation of sounds in a British accent.
- Contrast sounds in pairs - English club material
- Perfect Pronunciation from the famous dictionary Merriam Webster. Practice the sounds of the American accent.
- Youtube channel Rachel’s English is also an excellent resource for learning the pronunciation of the American English accent (for advanced students)
- Sounds American is another Youtube channel with explanations and exercises for practicing the American accent.
- Learning to pronounce English sounds from an Australian teacher - mmmEnglish .
- Thevoicecafe is an English accent training school. Online exercises, mobile app, Skype lessons.
We invite you to our Telegram channel: short lessons on the most important conversational phrases with examples and exercises. Learn English with pleasure. Subscribe >>
Recommended dictionaries with audio support
Collins English Dictionary is the most up-to-date dictionary for English learners. All possible pronunciations of words are indicated; for many words, videos have been recorded showing how to pronounce these words correctly. The frequency of the word is indicated - how often it is used in colloquial speech - and its most popular combinations.
Oxford Learner's Dictionary (British and American) is an invaluable resource for English learners. Dictionary English-English, however, the description of the term is specially simplified for non-native speakers. The words can be heard in British and American pronunciation. There are voiced lists of words (also in two accents) on all possible topics.
Forvo is a large database of words spoken by native speakers in all possible languages and accents. There is a voiced guide to travel phrases (you need to select Russian in the list of languages).
ABBYY Lingvo Live is a Russian resource in collaboration with Collins Dictionary. Two parallel pronunciations are indicated in British and American accents.
The best textbooks for learning English pronunciation
Sounds in English: pronunciation, transcription 🗣️
Sometimes you talk to a foreigner in English, but he doesn't understand you. And then you find out that the letter “a” alone can be pronounced in six different ways. We understand English sounds in order to sound correctly and speak the same language with foreigners.
In English, the number of words that are not pronounced at all as they are written is very high - this is the result of historical changes and the standardization of written English in the 17th century. Knowing how English sounds are read, you can almost always read even the most intricate word.
The English alphabet has 26 letters, 20 vowels and 23 consonants. The more you delve into the English language, the more difficult words you will meet along the way. The science of phonetics will come in handy here, just in time. And we will share life hacks on the study of this topic.
Transcription of English sounds
In order to study all possible variations of sounds, linguists have developed an alphabet that contains special characters. This alphabet was called International Phonetic Alphabet (International Phonetic Alphabet).
These symbols are used in modern transcriptions of English words. Transcription, by the way, is a graphic representation of sounds. Indicate the transcription in square brackets.
Let's look at the examples below, how one letter can be read in two different ways. The difference in pronunciation can depend on the type of syllable, the position of the letter in the word, and whether the vowel is stressed.
- In the word type (print/type), the letter y is in an open syllable and therefore reads like [aɪ].
- In the word copy (copy / copy), the letter y is in an unstressed syllable at the end of the word and therefore reads like [i].
However, it is worth trying to learn the pronunciation of sounds and various combinations of sounds. There is no division into short and long consonants in Russian. In English, the incorrect pronunciation of such vowels leads to significant changes in the meaning of the word.
So, for example, confusing the short and long sound [i] (read as “and” in the Russian word “game”), you can accidentally say “I boarded a sheep” - I boarded a sheep [ʃ iː p], not "I boarded a ship" - I boarded a ship [ʃ ɪ p].
English proficiency test
This English proficiency test was compiled by the Skysmart online school tutors. They prepared interesting and relevant tasks on modern topics to make the test both useful and interesting
General Table of Consonants and Vowels of English (IPA)
Below is a table of all known English phonemes. The vowels are in the gray area and the consonants are in the yellow area. Short and long vowels are indicated on a light gray background, and diphthongs - sounds consisting of two elements - are located on a dark gray background.
All consonants are located on a yellow background and differ in font color. Voiceless consonants ( voiceless/unvoiced ) are marked in gray, and voiced ones ( voiced ) - black.
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Classification of sounds in English
In English, sounds are divided into two groups: vowels and consonants. Let's take a look at them.
Another effective way to quickly memorize English sounds is to sign up for English lessons for children 8 years old online at Skysmart School.
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Vowel sounds of the English language
From the school curriculum of the Russian language, we remember that the main characteristic of vowel sounds is their melodiousness. This is due to the fact that when pronouncing a vowel sound, the air passing through the vocal cords vibrates and the sound freely leaves the oral cavity without encountering any obstacles in its path. Here is the rule for pronunciation of vowels:
c a t
l oo k, w ou ld, p u t
p e g, br ea d
c ar t, f a st (regional)
p i g , g i ve
b ur n, f ir st, t er m, h ear d, w or k
l o g, w a nt
t or n, d oor , w ar n, h au l, l aw , c a ll
pl u g, l o ve
wood e n, circ u s, sist er
p ai n, d a , g a t e , st a tion
d ow n, sh ou t
sw ee t, h ea t, th ie f, th e s e
c oi n, b oy
tr ie d, l igh t, m y , shin e , m i nd
st air s, b ear , h are
r oa d, bl ow , b o ne, c o ld
f ear , b eer , h ere
m oo n, bl ue , gr ew , t u ne
p ure , c u re
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